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Engineering Ethics

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Ethics - a code or system ... have the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) inspect the cleaned areas, and pay a settlement to the families of lost children. 4.Other? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Engineering Ethics


1
Engineering Ethics
2
Engineering Ethics
  • Engineering is a profession

3
Team Exercise 1
  • In 1 minute, list as many professions as you can.

4
Team Exercise 2
  • In 3 minutes, list as many traits of a profession
    as you can.

5
RAT 2
6
Interaction Rules of Behavior
  • Etiquette - rules of acceptable personal behavior
    and courtesy when interacting with others in a
    social setting.
  • Laws - a system of rules and punishments clearly
    defined and established by a society to maintain
    a safe and orderly social environment.

7
Interaction Rules of Behavior (cont)
  • Morals - personal rules of right and wrong
    behavior derived from a persons upbringing,
    religious beliefs, and societal influences.
  • Ethics - a code or system of rules defining moral
    behavior for a particular society.

8
Professional Ethics
  • Ethics is the study of the morality of human
    actions.
  • Professional ethics guide the conduct of a
    professional.
  • Most technical societies have written codes of
    ethics.

9
Code of Ethics
  • As professionals, engineers have a code of ethics

10
Team Exercise 3
  • In two minutes, explain why is it important for
    engineers to have a code of ethics?

11
Fundamental Principles
  • Published by the Accreditation Board for
    Engineering and Technology (ABET)
  • Preamble and Four Parts

12
Fundamental Principles
  • Engineers uphold and advance the integrity, honor
    and dignity of the engineering profession by
  • I. using their knowledge and skill for the
    enhancement of human welfare
  • II. being honest and impartial, and serving with
    fidelity the public, their employers and clients
  • III. striving to increase the competence and
    prestige of the engineering profession and
  • IV. supporting the professional and technical
    societies of their disciplines.

13
Fundamental Canons
  1. Engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health
    and welfare of the public in the performance of
    their professional duties.
  2. Engineers shall perform services only in the
    areas of their competence.
  3. Engineers shall issue public statements only in
    an objective and truthful manner.
  4. Engineers shall act in professional matters for
    each employer or client as faithful agents or
    trustees, and shall avoid conflicts of interest.

14
Fundamental Canons
  1. Engineers shall build professional reputation on
    the merit of their services and shall not compete
    unfairly with others.
  2. Engineers shall act in such a manner as to uphold
    and enhance the honor, integrity and dignity of
    the profession.
  3. Engineers shall continue their professional
    development throughout their careers and shall
    provide opportunities for the professional
    development of those engineers under their
    supervision.

15
Case Study Example
  • Actions Affecting Human Life
  • A leather manufacturer disposes of dangerous
    leather-cleaning chemicals in the river causing
    the citys water to be contaminated with
    carcinogens. Eight children died by leukemia.
  • SOUNDS FAMILIAR?
  • A Civil Action starring John Travolta.
  • A perfect case of professional ethics.

16
Case Study Example (cont)
  • What should the owner of the plant do?
  • 1. Say nothing about the problem. If challenged,
    claim that it is impossible to prove that the
    plant discharge caused the leukemia.
  • 2. Work out a cleaning system that would rectify
    the problem.
  • 3. Admit that he made the error, clean the
    discharge, clean all contaminated areas, have the
    Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) inspect the
    cleaned areas, and pay a settlement to the
    families of lost children.
  • 4.Other?

17
Case Study Example (cont)
  • Do Ethical Canons Apply?

18
Ethical Canons
  • Engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health
    and welfare of the public in the performance of
    their professional duties.

19
Team Exercise 4
  • Discuss case studies based on material published
    by the American Institute of Chemical Engineers
  • Chapt_2.doc

20
Resource Allocation
  • Engineers are often responsible for allocating
    limited funds to projects.
  • These projects may affect the general health and
    safety of the public.
  • These projects may have detrimental effects on
    some segments of the population.

21
Team Exercise 5
  • Identify three situations in which an engineer
    must make resource allocation decisions that may
    affect the public.
  • Three minutes
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