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THE ANCIENT SEVEN WONDERS OF WORLD

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Callimachus of Cyrene (305 BC-240 BC) wrote 'A ... THE TEMPLE OF ARTEMIS. AT EPHESUS 'But when I saw the sacred house of Artemis that towers to the clouds, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE ANCIENT SEVEN WONDERS OF WORLD


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(No Transcript)
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THE ANCIENT SEVEN WONDERS OF WORLD
  • Can you name them?
  • 1st list compiled around the 2nd century BC
  • 1st reference to idea found in History by
    Herodotus, 5th century B.C.
  • Callimachus of Cyrene (305 BC-240 BC) wrote A
    Collection of Wonders around the World,
    destroyed with the Alexandria Library
  • Final list compiled during Middle Ages
  • Archaeological evidence reveals for their
    builders, the Seven Wonders were a celebration of
    religion, mythology, art, power, and science
  • Today, they reflect mans ability to change the
    landscape with massive, beautiful structures, one
    of which has stood the test of time!


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THE TEMPLE OF ARTEMISAT EPHESUS
But when I saw the sacred house of Artemis that
towers to the clouds, the other Wonders were
placed in the shade, For the Sun himself never
looked upon its equal outside Olympus. Antipater
of Sidon
Located in ancient city of Ephesus near modern
town south of Smyrna, Turkey Built around 550 BC
by Greek Architect Chersiphron Destroyed in AD
262 and again in AD 401
4
THE MAUSOLEUM AT HALICARNASSUS
I have lying, over me in Halicarnassus, a
gigantic monument such as no other dead person
has, adorned in the finest way with statues of
horses and men carved most realistically from the
best quality marble. King Maussollos in Lucians
Dialogues of the Dead
Conceived by King Mausollos and his wife,
Artemisia during his reign, 377 to 353 BC Located
in modern city of Bodrum on the Aegean Sea in
southwest Turkey Adorned with life-sized frieze
of animals and humans
5
THE HANGING GARDENS OF BABYLON
The approach to the Garden sloped like a
hillside and the several parts of the structure
rose from one another tier on tierOn all this,
the earth had been piledand was thickly planted
with trees of every kind that, by their great
size and other charm, gave pleasure to the
beholderThe water machines raised the water
in great abundance from the river, although no
one outside could see it. Diodorus Siculus
Built by Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562 BC) to please
his wife or concubine Located on the east bank of
the River Euphrates south of Baghdad, Iraq Most
descriptive accounts are by Greek historians who
never saw the Gardens
6
THE GREAT PYRAMID OF GIZA
Man fears Time, yet Time fears the
Pyramids Arab proverb
Only surviving structure of the Seven Ancient
Wonders built around 2560 BC Located at the city
of Giza, a part of greater Cairo, Egypt Consists
of approximately 2 million blocks of stone Area
covered by pyramid can hold St. Peters in Rome,
the cathedrals of Florence and Milan, and
Westminster and St. Pauls in London COMBINED!
7
THE LIGHTHOUSE OF ALEXANDRIA
Sostratus, the son of Dexiphanes, the Cnidian,
dedicated this to the Saviour Gods, on behalf of
those who sail the seas. Dedicatory inscription
of the Lighthouse
Only one of the Seven Wonders built with a
practical purpose, conceived by Ptolemy Soter
around 29 BC Destroyed by earthquakes and
fire Located on the ancient island of
Pharos Total height was about 384 ft, equivalent
to a 40 story modern building
8
THE COLOSSUS OF RHODES
To you, O Sun, the people of Dorian Rhodes set
up this bronze statue reaching to Olympus when
they had pacified the waves of war and crowned
their city with the spoils taken from the enemy.
Not only over the seas but also on land did they
kindle the lovely torch of freedom. Dedicatory
inscription of the Colossus
Constructed over 12 years as a symbol of unity
between the island of Rhodes and Egypt, finished
in 282 BC Destroyed in 226 BC by
earthquake Located near entrance of harbor of the
Mediterranean island of Rhodes in Greece Stood
about 110 ft high and influenced the design for
the Statue of Liberty
9
THE STATUE OF ZEUS AT OLYMPIA
In his right hand a figure of Victory made from
ivory and gold. In his left hand, his scepter
inlaid with all metals, and an eagle perched on
the scepter. The sandals of the god are made of
gold, as is his robe. Pausanias the Greek (2nd
century AD)
Built around 450 BC to honor Zeus for Olympic
Games Natural disasters destroyed the temple by
5th Century AD while the statue was destroyed by
a fire in 462 AD Located at the ancient town of
Olympia on west coast of modern Greece west of
Athens The height of statue was 40 ft, equal to a
4 story building
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THE ANCIENT SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD
  • ARCH 170 ARCHITECTURE HISTORY
  • (PREHISTORIC GOTHIC)
  • FALL 2004

COLLEGE OF THE SEQUOIAS DEPARTMENT OF TECHNOLOGY
INDUSTRY ROLANDO L. GONZALEZ, M. ARCH., A.I.A.,
INSTRUCTOR
AMERICA RIVAS
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