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Military Logistics Management for the Next Conflict

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Military Logistics Management for the Next Conflict Chris Ballard, Wyly Gilfoil, Kathy Lau, Jay Miseli, Scott Ostrowski, Sebastien Prangere, Sug Je Sohn, – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Military Logistics Management for the Next Conflict


1
Military Logistics Management for the Next
Conflict
Chris Ballard, Wyly Gilfoil, Kathy Lau, Jay
Miseli, Scott Ostrowski, Sebastien Prangere, Sug
Je Sohn, Heather Stevenson, Jaroslav Tyman
2
Agenda and Organization
  • Introduction
  • Demand
  • Wyly Gilfoil, Jay Miseli
  • Feasibility
  • Kathy Lau, Scott Ostrowski, Heather Stevenson,
    Jaroslav Tyman
  • Applicability
  • Chris Ballard, Sebastien Prangere, Sug Je Sohn
  • Recommendations

3
Mission Plan
  • By April 19, 2004, determine the demand for,
    feasibility and applicability of refinement of
    Army logistics operations at multiple echelons
    for future conflicts.

4
Agenda
  • Introduction
  • Demand
  • Feasibility
  • Applicability
  • Recommendations

5
Demand Role and Plan
  • Role
  • Determine if need for logistics reform exists in
    U.S. Army
  • If need exists, identify capabilities required to
    accomplish logistics reform
  • Plan
  • Step 1 Research relevant documents dealing with
    logistics in Operation Iraqi Freedom
  • Step 2 Conduct online survey posing questions
    about logistics issues and possible solutions

6
DemandTask Accomplished
  • Relevant Articles
  • Army Logistics Our Reality, Our Future
  • Logistics white paper
  • Moving those beans and bullets
  • Sustainment of the army depends on continuing
    logistics transformation
  • DLA Logistics backbone of Iraqi Freedom
  • Delivering logistics readiness to the warfighter
  • After-action Reviews Utilized
  • 3rd Infantry Division (mechanized)
  • HHC, Task Force 2-69 Armor
  • C/1-3 ADA
  • HHC/1-24 Infantry
  • Completed Web-based Survey

7
DemandLiterature Search Results
  • Connect logisticians at all levels (e.g.
    logistics internet at all echelons)
  • Issues in OIF
  • Lack of inventory visibility
  • Lack of adequate communication
  • Modernize supply distribution
  • Issues in OIF
  • Lack of shipment tracking
  • Lack of adequate shipment records

8
DemandSurvey Results
  • 2 Key Capabilities
  • Information flow with feedback mechanism
  • Prefer existing technology (i.e. FBCB2)
  • Requirements sent higher with digital record and
    projected fill time (or availability feedback)
    along with requirement to be delivered
  • Must interface with all levels of logistics
    support
  • Inventory/shipment resource
  • UPS Package Tracking, Amazon.com order filling,
    etc.
  • Linked to logistics network tells system what
    is where and tracks progress of the resource
    towards designated unit

9
DemandDesired Process
Information Network
Next Higher Logistics Node
Automated Inventory and Shipment
Tracking (Interfaces w/ Network)
Resource Required
No
Brigade Logistics Node
Yes
Resource
No
Resource Not Available!
Resource Required
Resource Delivered
No
Battalion Logistics Node
Resource
Yes
No
Status Info
Resource Required
Resource Not Available!
Resource Delivered
Request
Company Command Post And Logistics Node
Resupply
Resource Expended
Resource Expended
10
Agenda
  • Introduction
  • Demand
  • Feasibility
  • Applicability
  • Recommendations

11
FeasibilityOverview
  • Introduction
  • Determine the feasibility of improving military
    logistics flow during wartime
  • Identify platform, echelon, and technical aspects
    of potential systems
  • 2 Recommendations
  • Entirely New System
  • Upgrade Existing Technologies

12
FeasibilityNew System
  • Hardware Options
  • Desktop, Notebook/Tablet, PDA
  • Operating Systems
  • Linux, Windows, Apple, Other

13
FeasibilityNew System
  • Software - the deciding factor
  • Availability vs. customizability
  • Available
  • Microsoft, Apple, Other, etc
  • Customizable
  • Linux, Other, etc

14
FeasibilityNew System
  • Advantage superior flexibility
  • Custom build software to suit needs
  • Hardware can be used for many other tasks
  • Off the shelf components reduce downtime
  • Disadvantages
  • Cost Estimated 1 billion
  • Training time days to weeks
  • Time to market

15
FeasibilityProposed Process New System
Information Network Army Tactical Internet
Next Higher Logistics Node
Automated Inventory and Shipment
Tracking (Interfaces w/ Network)
Resource Required
No
Desktop Laptop
Brigade Logistics Node
Yes
Resource
No
Resource Not Available!
Resource Required
Resource Delivered
No
Battalion Logistics Node
Resource
PDA
Yes
No
Status Info
Resource Required
Resource Not Available!
Resource Delivered
Request
Company Command Post And Logistics Node
Resupply
Resource Expended
Resource Expended
16
FeasibilityExisting Army Systems
  • Force XXI Battle Command Brigade-and-Below
    (FBCB2)
  • Provides battle command and situational awareness
    information
  • Digitally networks tactical units through Army
    Tactical Internet
  • Currently implemented at Brigade and below units

17
FeasibilityExisting Army Systems
  • Combat Service Support Control System (CSSCS)
  • Rapidly collects, stores, analyzes, and
    disseminates critical logistics, medical, and
    personnel information
  • Digitally networks logisticians
  • Currently implemented at Brigade and above units

18
FeasibilityExisting Army Systems
  • Advantages
  • Widely accepted and understood
  • Low cost of augmentation
  • Encrypted
  • Field proven
  • Disadvantages
  • Two systems not currently linked
  • Limited flexibility
  • Recommendations
  • Augment FBCB2 CSSCS to interface and share
    information

19
FeasibilityProposed Process Augment Existing
Information Network Army Tactical Internet CSSCS
Next Higher Logistics Node
Automated Inventory and Shipment
Tracking (Interfaces w/ Network)
Resource Required
No
FBCB2 CSSCS
Brigade Logistics Node
Yes
Resource
No
Resource Not Available!
Resource Required
Resource Delivered
No
Battalion Logistics Node
Resource
FBCB2
Yes
No
Status Info
Resource Required
Resource Not Available!
Resource Delivered
Request
Company Command Post And Logistics Node
Resupply
Resource Expended
Resource Expended
20
FeasibilitySummary
21
Agenda
  • Introduction
  • Demand
  • Feasibility
  • Applicability
  • Recommendations

22
ApplicabilityAnalysis Plan
  • Analysis Plan
  • Part 1 Identification of the technological
    characteristics
  • Technology strategy
  • Competitive priorities of feasible technologies
  • Sources of innovation
  • Who/what/where/how (Value chain analysis)
  • Measures of performance
  • Remaining technical challenges
  • Push versus pull technology and its likely
    ramifications
  • Part 2 Operations strategy for military
    logistics management
  • Satisfying the identified demands
  • Identifying and resolving the barriers of
    implementation
  • Identifying, assessing, and improving the value
    chain model of military supply system
  • Conclusions

23
ApplicabilityPart I Identification of the
technological characteristics
  • Value Chain Overview

Optimized Supply Instructions
LogisticsPlanning System
Supply Commands and Master Plans
Logistics Nodes (Brigade/ Battalion/ Company
Command post)
Resource Supply System
Military Logistics Communication System
Information Symmetry
Field Troops
Operations Planning System
Physical Resource Allocation
Inventory Status Report and Supply Request
24
ApplicabilityPart I Identification of the
technological characteristics
  • Technology Strategy
  • Determine Fundamental Issues
  • Examine Results of Demand and Feasibility
    Subgroups
  • Compare and Contrast Results with Applicability
    Analysis
  • Determine Technology Recommendation

25
ApplicabilityPart I Identification of the
technological characteristics
  • Competitive Priorities
  • Reliability
  • Convenience and user-friendliness
  • Customizability
  • As cheap as possible
  • Sources of Innovation
  • Demand and Feasibility work
  • Existing technologies and logistics networks

26
ApplicabilityPart I Identification of the
technological characteristics
  • Value Chain Model
  • Fundamental Enablers
  • Mobile communication and computing technology
  • Operations management technology
  • Collaborative physical logistics system
  • Uniqueness/Sustainability
  • Military-customized PDA
  • Easy and high performances planning and tracking
    software
  • Barcode and RFID systems
  • Cross-disciplinary education and training
    programs
  • Value Chain Transformation
  • The biggest change is on the communication system
  • Transition from an imperfect symmetry of
    information

27
ApplicabilityPart I Identification of the
technological characteristics
  • Measures of Performance
  • Effectiveness is more critical than efficiency
  • Focused effectiveness
  • Speed
  • Accuracy
  • Reliability
  • Security
  • Quality measure
  • Product-based measure
  • Operations-based measure
  • Value-based measure

28
ApplicabilityPart I Identification of the
technological characteristics
  • Analysis and Assessment of Remaining Challenges
  • Network
  • Existing architecture includes multiple
    infrastructures
  • Logistics communication architecture has
    significant limitations
  • Security issues
  • Potential for unintended consequences
  • Security
  • Management
  • Over-reliance
  • Process Methodology
  • Extensive use of MS Windows and MS applications
  • De facto standardized use of PDAs

29
ApplicabilityPart I Identification of the
technological characteristics
  • Analysis and Assessment of Remaining Challenges
    (contd)
  • Data Input/Output
  • Interoperability
  • Multiple systems in existing architecture
  • Growing trend towards use of .xml format
  • User Interface
  • Prolific use of MS Windows, PDA, and other
    similarly formatted interface
  • Field conditions

30
ApplicabilityPart I Identification of the
technological characteristics
  • Technology Transfer and Diffusion
  • Critical factor 1 Standardization
  • Interoperability between users, information, and
    resources
  • Critical factor 2 Training and instruction
  • Training of IT skills and cross-discipline
    operations
  • Critical factor 3 Simulation before
    implementation
  • Pilot and human-embedded simulation to reduce
    cultural friction

31
ApplicabilityPart II Operations strategy for
military logistics management
  • Question 1
  • How can we satisfy the identified demands ?
  • Answer
  • The best way to implement the system is to
    create a tracking system with modified versions
    of FBCB2-CSSCS networks.

32
ApplicabilityPart II Operations strategy for
military logistics management
  • Question 2
  • What are the barriers in implementing the
    technologies in the current setting of business
    (military), and how can we resolve the
    difficulties?
  • Answer
  • Network infrastructure and de facto standards of
    software and hardware.
  • Resolution is most favorable through adapting and
    leveraging when possible off existing programs.
  • Integrate with current and near-future
    technological environment
  • Understand the network and system security
    requirements

33
ApplicabilityPart II Operations strategy for
military logistics management
  • Question 3
  • What does the value chain model of military
    supply system look like? What is the weakest
    link, if exists, and how can we strengthen the
    value on it?
  • Answer
  • Typically, many of state-of-the-art management
    information systems fail in implementing the
    seamless coordination between human factors and
    the IT system.
  • The weakest point is the insufficient
    collaboration of physical supply system and field
    users with the IT system.
  • The management should consider some forms of
    promoting actions such as rewards and incentives,
    innovative education, practical training,
    operations simulation, and gradual deployment of
    system.

34
ApplicabilityPart II Operations strategy for
military logistics management
  • Value Chain Model (Revisited)

Optimized Supply Instructions
Supply Commands and Master Plans
LogisticsPlanning System
Logistics Nodes (Brigade/ Battalion/ Company
Command post)
Resource Supply System
Military Logistics Communication System
Information Symmetry
Field Troops
Operations Planning System
Physical Resource Allocation
Inventory Status Report and Supply Request
35
Agenda
  • Introduction
  • Demand
  • Feasibility
  • Applicability
  • Recommendations

36
Conclusion
  • Recommend augmentation of existing systems
    (rather than new development)
  • Existing systems offer opportunity to leverage
    capabilities
  • Most of the remaining challenges are currently
    being addressed by technology developments in
    Army RD
  • Least disruption on value chain

37
Questions?
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