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Knowledge and Development

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Knowledge and Development Paper presented at the 2nd International ICT Conference Abu Dhabi Summit on Information and Communication Technology – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Knowledge and Development


1
Knowledge and Development
  • Paper presented at the2nd International ICT
    ConferenceAbu Dhabi Summit on Information and
    Communication Technology
  • Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 19 March 2006
  • Abdul Waheed Khan
  • Assistant Director-General for Communication and
    Information
  • UNESCO

2
  • Development is about advocating for change and
    connecting countries to knowledge, experience and
    resources to help people build a better life.
  • UNDP

3
Importance of change
Demographic change
Social change
Educational
Knowledge
Political Change
Economic change
change
Cultural Change
4
Millennium Development Goals
Goal 1 Eradication of extreme poverty and hunger
Goal 2 Achieving universal primary education
Goal 8 Developing a global partnership for
development
Goal 3 Promoting gender equality
Goal 7 Ensuring environmental sustainability
Knowledge
Goal 4 Reducing child mortality
Goal 6 Combating HIV/AIDS, malaria etc.
5
  • The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
    commit the internationalcommunity to a vision of
    development that vigorously promotes human
    development as the key to sustaining social and
    economic progress in all countries, and
    recognizes the importance of creating a global
    partnership for development.

6
  • Today, the search for knowledge continues
  • to produce an ongoing revolution in the health
  • and wealth of humankind.
  • Fareed Zakaria, Newsweek editor

7
What is Knowledge?
Data Information such as lists (e.g. phone list) or records in a database or spreadsheet
Information Organized data that can be communicated
Knowledge Information (i.e. organized data) that can be used to achieve some result
Wisdom Selection of appropriate knowledge for a specific task
8
  • "Knowledge is like light.
  • Weightless and tangible,
  • it can easily travel the World,
  • enlightening the lives of people everywhere.
  • World Bank World Development Report

9
Central Role of Knowledge for Development
Economic Growth
Social Development
Knowledge
Political Empowerment
Cultural Enrichment
10
  • The ability to create and maintain knowledge
    infrastructure, develop knowledge workers and
    enhance their productivity will be the key
    factors in deciding the prosperity of the
    knowledge society.
  • Abdul Kalam, President of India

11
A World of Contrast
12
Knowledge Societies
Knowledge
Societies
Knowledge
Societies
Knowledge
Societies
Knowledge
Knowledge
Knowledge
Knowledge
Creation
Dissemination
Utilization
Preservation
Pluralism
Pluralism
Pluralism
Human
Needs
and
Rights
Human
Needs
and
Rights
Human
Needs
and
Rights
13
Knowledge Creation
  • Half a hectare of land and one year of labour
    were required to feed one person in 1900
    whereas that same half-hectare now feeds 10
    persons on the basis of just one and a half
    days of labour.
  • UNESCO Science Report

14
Knowledge Creation
  • Central role of science for knowledge creation
  • Unique opportunities of Science to
  • meet basic human needs
  • reduce poverty
  • protect the environment
  • improve the quality of life
  • enhance sustainable development

15
Knowledge creationGaps in investment in RD
GERD/GDP in Arab States (2000)(UNESCO World
Science Report 2005)
16
Knowledge Preservation
  • Preservation of indigenous knowledge
  • Preservation of digital knowledge

17
Knowledge DisseminationRole of technology
  • To reach 50 million people - Radio 38 years,
    - Television 13 years - Internet 4 years
  • Countries connected to Internet
  • 1990 20
  • 2000 All

18
The Multi-Platform World
19
Knowledge disseminationICT for Development
Source ICT4D-Connecting People for a Better
World, Editors G. Weigel and D. Waldburger (2004)
20
Linkage of Education to Poverty Reduction
Development
Human Capitals and Productivity
Macro Economic Growth and Development
Family Health and Nutrition
Reduced Poverty
Education
Personal Development
Societal Development
21
Knowledge DisseminationMajor Challenges
  • Increasing access
  • Providing educational inputs of good quality
  • Making educational opportunities available at
    affordable cost
  • Enhancing the relevance of educational provision
    to societal and individual need
  • Providing opportunities for lifelong learning

22
Knowledge DisseminationMeeting the Challenges
  • Business unusual
  • Using mix approaches (new and traditional
    technologies)
  • Developing enabling environments
  • Creating public/private partnerships

23
Knowledge Utilization
Knowledge, once created and disseminated, needs
to be used wisely in order to enhance economic
and social well-being.
  • Essential factors for knowledge utilization
  • Universal access
  • Skills and capacity (Basic literacy, Computer
    literacy, information literacy, e-learning..)
  • Cultural and linguistic diversity
  • Relevant content

24
Guiding Principles of Knowledge Societies
  • Freedom
  • Inclusiveness
  • Diversity
  • Empowerment

25
(No Transcript)
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