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Native Americans and Westward Expansion

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US History Native Americans and Westward Expansion Admin Issues Monday, meet in the Achievement Center between Lower 3 and 4 Take home quiz: One paragraph essay on ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Native Americans and Westward Expansion


1
Native Americans and Westward Expansion
  • Coach Presnell
  • US History

2
Todays Introduction
  • Read the news article about present day relations
    between the US Government and Native American
    Tribes

3
Admin Issues
  • Monday, meet in the Achievement Center between
    Lower 3 and 4
  • Take home quiz
  • One paragraph essay on the following question
  • How did westward expansion effect Native
    Americans?
  • Four square organizer on the following prompt
  • Explain the areas, technology and hardships faced
    by Great Plains farmers, Miners and Ranchers
    during westward expansion.
  • Turn in study guide Monday
  • Worksheets
  • Reflective Writing

4
Objectives for Today
  • After todays lesson, the student should be able
    to
  • Understand the political issues that affected
    Native Americans
  • Investigate the dynamics between settlers and
    Native Americans
  • Identify the events and impact of western
    movement and Indian Wars on Native Americans

5
The Black Hills
6
Check on Learning
  • What were annuities?
  • What happened at Fettermans Massacre?
  • Explain the Sand Creek Massacre.
  • What was the result of the Battle at Little Big
    Horn?
  • Why did Wounded Knee occur?
  • What was important about the Dawes Act and
    assimilation?

7
Native Americans
  • Struggles of the Plains Indians
  • THE SETTLEMENT OF THE WEST DRAMATICALLY ALTERED
    THE WAY OF LIFE OF THE PLAINS INDIANS
  • Farmers, hunters and nomads versus environmental
    exploitation.

8
Native Americans
  • The Dakota Sioux Uprising
  • 1862, Annuities and relocation
  • Little Crow and the uprising
  • 38 sentenced to death
  • Native Americans go on the run

9
Native Americans
  • Red Clouds War
  • Second Sioux tribe, Lakota in Montana
  • Red Cloud, Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull
  • Fettermans Massacre on Bozeman Trail
  • http//www.learn360.com/ShowVideo.aspx?SearchText
    fettermanID365788

10
Native Americans
  • Sand Creek Massacre
  • Cheyenne and Arapahos Colorado land invaded by
    gold miners
  • Cheyenne fight fiercely against settlers
  • Chief Black Kettle decides to negotiate peace
    deal, camps at Sand Creek to await negotiations
  • History unsure of exactly what happened, but 14
    soldiers killed, up to 600 Cheyenne men, women
    and children killed.

11
Native Americans
  • A Doomed Plan for Peace
  • Indian Peace Commission, 1867
  • Reservations in North America
  • Medicine Lodge Creek Treaty

12
Native Americans
  • The Last Native American Wars
  • SETTLERS AND NATIVE AMERICANS FOUGHT FOR LAND AND
    CULTURAL TRADITIONS.
  • 1870s, Native Americans leave reservations and
    the disappearance of the Buffalo

13
Native Americans
  • Battle of the Little Bighorn
  • http//www.learn360.com/ShowVideo.aspx?SearchText
    redcloudMediaFormat3360063ID350036
  • George Custer responds to Lakotas violation of
    treaties
  • Custers failed attack
  • Encourages anti-Native American sentiment

14
Native Americans
  • Tragedy at Wounded Knee
  • 1890, Ghost Dance outlawed
  • Sitting Bull killed when Law Enforcement tries to
    arrest him
  • December 1890, final battle at Wounded Knee Creek
  • http//www.learn360.com/ShowVideo.aspx?SearchText
    woundedkneeMediaFormat3360063ID348026

15
Native Americans
  • Dawes Act
  • Attempts to assimilate Native Americans
  • Encourage farming and ranching
  • Native Americans have little patience for this
    approach, but becomes the official government
    stance in 1887 with Dawes Act
  • Land allotments have little use

16
Check on Learning
  • What were annuities?
  • What happened at Fettermans Massacre?
  • Explain the Sand Creek Massacre.
  • What was the result of the Battle at Little Big
    Horn?
  • Why did Wounded Knee occur?
  • What was important about the Dawes Act and
    assimilation?

17
Native Americans
  • Reflective Writing
  • Answer the following two questions using the
    lessons you have learned over the last three days
    about westward expansion
  • Do you think Native Americans were treated fairly
    during westward expansion? Why or why not?
  • If you were a settler going west, what would be
    your plan of action? Why?
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