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SOC 573 Animal Experimentation

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46% believe that the use of animals in medical experiments violates the animals rights' ... Opposition to Animal Research. Animals have rights' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SOC 573 Animal Experimentation


1
SOC 573 - Animal Experimentation
  • James G. Anderson, Ph.D.
  • Purdue University

2
Public Views
  • 81 believe that it is necessary to use animals
    for some research
  • 76 believe that animals have rights
  • 46 believe that the use of animals in medical
    experiments violates the animals rights

3
Support for Animal Research
  • Research on animals has led to major medical
    advances
  • The development of new vaccines, antibiotics and
    surgical procedures requires testing on animals
  • Biomedical education requires the use of animals
  • Animals can help to relieve human pain and
    suffering

4
Opposition to Animal Research
  • Animals have rights
  • It is morally wrong to inflict pain and suffering
    on animals.
  • Primates share over 90 of their DNA with humans.
  • Much animal research is redundant and useless.
  • There are acceptable alternatives to the use of
    animals in research.
  • 3 million animals each year in the U.S. are used
    for secondary and university educational purposes

5
Regulation
  • The Animal Welfare Act regulates research
    laboratories that receive federal funding
  • NIH Office for Protection from Research Risks
  • Institutional Animal-Care-and-Use Committees
  • U.S. PHS Regulations Regarding the Care and
    Treatment of Laboratory Animals
  • 12 states ban the sale of pound animals for
    research
  • A bill in congress would give animals standing
    in court

6
Questions Regarding the Use of Laboratory Animals
in Research
  • Are Primates necessary for the research?
  • Is the particular primate species selected
    appropriate?
  • Is the study likely to contribute significantly
    to scientific knowledge or to human or animal
    health?
  • Is the investigator scientifically and
    technically qualified to conduct the study?

7
Questions Regarding the Use of Laboratory Animals
in Research
  • Will the study be conducted in a humane fashion
    with consideration of the welfare of the animal
    and according to regulations?
  • If invasive procedures are likely to produce pain
    or discomfort, are they essential to the study?
  • If the research is replication of previous or
    other ongoing research, is it justified?

8
Questions Regarding the Use of Laboratory Animals
in Research
  • Is the number of animals to be used and the
    research design adequate to produce clearly
    interpretable results, but not excessive?
  • Will the study limit reproductive capacity in a
    way that will be injurious to breeding in the
    particular primate colony or to the species
    itself?

9
Questions
  • How does one judge the value versus the cost of a
    particular experiment?
  • Who should judge?
  • What ratio of value to cost is acceptable
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