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Anglo-Saxon History

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Title: Anglo-Saxon History


1
Anglo-Saxon History
2
Great Britain
  • Is Famous for both old-world flavor and modern
    advances
  • Government by the people and for the people
  • Model for other countries
  • America rebelled against it, but formed a
    government very similar to it
  • Settled by various cultures/became a mixture of
    all

3
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4
The Celtic Heroes and Heroines a Magical World
  • Religion animism (spirit)
  • Spirits were in everything
  • Spirits controlled all aspects of existence must
    be satisfied
  • Druids were priests that acted as intermediaries
    between gods and world

5
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7
Stonehenge
  • May have been a place of worship and ritual

8
  • The land and beliefs affected writers
  • Sir Thomas Malory took Celtic legends chivalric
    qualities King Arthur
  • William Butler Yeats used Celtic history in
    literature to increase awareness of Irish
    heritage
  • Celtic stories full of strong women
  • Enchanted magic and imagination rule

9
Map of Rome, England, and Ireland
10
The Romans The Great Administrators
  • Invaded England in 55 BC Julius Caesar and
    again by Claudius in 45A.D.
  • Protected England from other invaders
  • Christianity began to spread/Celtic religion lost
    power
  • Due to trouble at home left England by 409 A.D.
  • England became separate clans easily invaded by
    non-Christian groups.

11
The Anglo-Saxons Sweep Ashore
  • Angles and Saxons from Germany invaded (along
    with Jutes from Denmark)
  • Celts receded into Wales
  • Country divided into different tribes again

12
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14
Anglo-Saxon Religion Gods for Warriors
  • Dark, fatalistic religion (Norse/Scandinavian
    mythology)
  • Symbols from nature
  • Dragon was the protector of treasure
  • They did not believe in an after-life
  • To be remembered after death, a person would have
    to stand out as extremely brave, loyal, strong,
    etc.
  • Heroes were treated like they were gods because
    they were so important

15
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16
The Bards Singing of Gods and Heroes
  • Entertainment storytelling in communal hall
  • Poetry was about fighting, hunting, farming, and
    loving
  • Poets sang to the strumming of a harp
  • Since the Anglo-Saxon religion had no afterlife,
    glory had to be found in the present life
    (bravery, honor, etc) and by finding a place in
    the poems/tales of days to come after

17
The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo.
18
Anglo-Saxon Life The Warm Hall, the Cold World
  • War-faring people, though not as harsh as usually
    depicted
  • There was always the threat of attack from
    another tribe
  • People were very faithful to the king/leader
  • It was important to be brave and willing to
    defend the tribe

19
  • Communal Living
  • Lived in single-family dwellings
  • livestock near homes to protect them and to be
    protected
  • Surrounded by wooden fence
  • Family huts surrounded common court (cheiftains
    hall or Mead Hall)
  • Ruled by consensus families had a voice in
    decisions affecting the tribe

20
  • The Danes took over with harsh fighting tactics
    and they settled in northeast and central England
  • Missionaries converted Anglo-Saxon rulers to
    Christianity, which was a unifying force

21
The Christian Monasteries The Ink Froze
  • Hope in Anglo-Saxon Culture came from
  • Being immortalized through poetry
  • The idea that Christianity could be accurate
  • Monks spent time writing old stories in a savable
    form (thats why we now know the story of
    Beowulf).

22
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23
  • King Alfred instituted the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
  • English became recognized as a language of
    culture works preserved by Monks became thought
    of as great literature.

24
  • Anglo-Saxons/Danes and all the separate tribes
    continued fighting until country was overtaken by
    Norman Troops

25
Works Cited
  • Leeming, David Adams. The Anglo-Saxons.
    Elements of Literature Sixth Course Literature
    of Britain with World Classics. Austin Holt,
    Rinehart, and Winston, 2000.
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