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STONEHENGE

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STONEHENGE Characteristics It is located in Wiltshire, England. It is a monument built in the Neolithic and Bronze Age. Stonehenge is a large circle of standing stones. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: STONEHENGE


1
STONEHENGE
2
Characteristics
  • It is located in Wiltshire, England.
  • It is a monument built in the Neolithic and
    Bronze Age.
  • Stonehenge is a large circle of standing stones.

3
How was it built?
4
FIRST STAGE
  • The first Stonehenge was a large earthwork
    probably built around 3100 BC.
  • They formed a circle. Archaeologists found
    cremated human bones, but they were probably from
    part of a religious ceremony.
  • After that, the monument didnt change until 1000
    years later.

5
SECOND STAGE
  • It started around 2150 BC. About 82 bluestones
    from the Preseli mountains in south-west Wales
    were brought to the site. This journey was nearly
    240 miles.
  • Once there, the stones were set up in the centre
    to make an incomplete double circle.

6
THIRD STAGE
  • It started in 2000 BC. The Sarsen stones that
    they used were probably brought from the
    Marlborough Downs area near Avebury, about 25
    miles north of Stonehenge.
  • These were placed in an outer circle. Inside the
    circle, there were also five trilithons, that
    still remain today.

7
FINAL STAGE
  • After 1500 BC the bluestones were moved into the
    horseshoe and circle that we see today.
  • Most of the bluestones have been removed or
    broken.

8
Possible theories about Stonehenge
  • Stonehenge was an astronomical observatory
  • They could predict eclipses, lunar phases and
    seasons. Nevertheless, it was possible that it
    was not the original function because it took
    more than 1000 years to finish it.
  • Stonehenge was a cemetery
  • Scientists found human bones buried there.

9
  • Stonehenge was a religious temple
  • People went there because the Druids could
    give them magic power and cure their illnesses.

10
Incredible theories
  • Stonehenge was built by Apollos followers who
    lived in the north of Europe and were documented
    in Greek mythology.
  • Stonehenge was a place where UFOs landed.

11
  • Stonehenge was created in the first years of the
    XX century to attract tourists.
  • Stonehenge was built by the wizard Merlin. He
    made it himself by raising the stones with his
    magical power.

12
Vocabulary
  • Bluestone -piedras del Stonehenge traídas de
    fuera
  • Bronze age -edad de bronce
  • (to) cremate -incinerar, cremar
  • Druid -Druida
  • Horseshoe -herradura
  • Neolithic -neolítico
  • Sarsen stone -piedra arenisca
  • Standing stone -megalito vertical
  • Trilithon -estructura de dos piedras verticales
    (columnas) y una horizontal apoyada en la
    verticales.
  • UFO -OVNI (objeto volador no identificado)?
  • Wizard Merlin -El mago Merlín
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