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Triangular Slave Trade


Triangular Slave Trade 5th Grade Introduction Between 1450 to 1850, Africans were transported across the Atlantic Ocean to the Western Hemisphere. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Triangular Slave Trade

Triangular Slave Trade
  • 5th Grade

(No Transcript)
  • Between 1450 to 1850, Africans were transported
    across the Atlantic Ocean to the Western
    Hemisphere. Nearly twelve million Africans were
    exported from their native homeland, taken as
    prisoners of war, kidnapped, used as a form of
    tribute, or enslaved through various governmental
    systems. Taken mainly from a 3000 mile stretch
    along the west coast of Africa, most slaves were
    captured by fellow Africans and then sold to
    Europeans and Americans. The slaves were exported
    to the Americas via ship, crammed like sardines
    onto small shelves, sometimes only 18 inches
    high. Primarily these Africans were used on the
    American plantations or in mines. Following the
    invention of the cotton gin and with the growth
    of the sugar economy in the West Indies, African
    slaves became a vital part of the economy.

Stages of the Triangular Trade
  • The first stage of the Triangular Trade involved
    taking manufactured goods from Europe to Africa
    cloth, spirit, tobacco, beads, metal goods, and
    guns. The guns were used to help expand empires
    and obtain more slaves (until they were finally
    used against European colonizers). These goods
    were exchanged for African slaves.
  • The second stage of the Triangular Trade (the
    middle passage) involved shipping the slaves to
    the Americas.
  • The third, and final, stage of the Triangular
    Trade involved the return to Europe with the
    produce from the slave-labor plantations cotton,
    sugar, tobacco, molasses and rum.

Trading of Slaves
  • The Africans were sold in many ways. They were
    sold to traders by other Africans, and eventually
    forced into slavery by men with guns. From here,
    slaves were placed aboard ships to be taken
    across the Atlantic on a voyage that was
    eventually coined "the middle passage."

Middle Passage
  • The Middle Passage was the route of sea going
    journeys of Africans taken from their Native
    land, to the shores of the Caribbean and America,
    where they were invariably destined to an
    existence of institutional slavery. The simple
    fact of humans being stolen from their homeland
    and transported as cargo to the slave markets of
    the New World defies any concept of moral

Middle Passage
  • The middle passage of the Trans-Atlantic slave
    trade consisted of immeasurable brutality.
    Africans were chained and packed into quarters
    unfit for movement or proper breathing. The only
    hope of escape rested in suicide by jumping

Slave Ship Slave Inspection
Traveling From the Interior
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