Types of Merchant Ships - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Types of Merchant Ships

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Types of Merchant Ships - Introduction-Sidrena cijev ; sidreno drijelo * Tanker za naftne derivate ; tanker za prijevoz nafte, brod cisterna ; ultra large crude ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Types of Merchant Ships


1
Lesson 1
  • Types of Merchant Ships
  • - Introduction-

2
A ship
3
Basic vocabulary 1
  • Write definitions for the words below
  • Radar
  • Pilot house (wheelhouse)
  • Upper deck
  • Capstan

4
Basic vocabulary 1
  • Radar apparatus that detects objects through
    the use of microwaves.
  • Pilot house a room in the superstructure
    containing navigation and steering equipment.
  • Upper deck higher deck on a ship.
  • Capstan vertical axled winch that can be used
    to apply force to a cable, rope, etc.

5
Basic vocabulary 2
  • Write definitions for the words below
  • Hawsehole (hawsepipe)
  • AnchorBowBulwarkFlagpoleBoom

6
Basic vocabulary 2
  • Hawsehole (hawsepipe) opening in the front of a
    ship for anchor cables.Anchor a
    mechanical device that prevents a vessel from
    moving.Bow part at the front of a boat that
    cleaves the water.Bulwark protective rim of the
    upper deck.Flagpole post used to hoist
    flags.Boom post used to load and unload goods.

7
Classification of ships according to what they
carry or jobs they perform
  • PEOPLE
  • Cruise liner
  • Passenger liner
  • Hydrofoil
  • Hovercraft

8
Passenger Liner
9
Cruise Liner
10
Hydrofoil
11
Basic Vocabulary 3
  • Write definitions for the words below
  • Hydrofoil boat
  • Stern
  • Stack
  • Windlass

12
Basic Vocabulary 3
  • Hydrofoil boat high-speed ship which lifts above
    the water surface at speed.
  • Stern the rear part of a ship
  • Stack (funnel) conical shaped structure
    consisting of a shaft for ventilation and the
    passage of smoke .
  • Windlass horizontal axled winch that is used
    to hoist an anchor.

13
Hovercraft
14
Hovercraft
15
Basic vocabulary 4
  • Write definitions for the words below
  • Hovercraft
  • Rudder
  • Gearbox

16
Basic vocabulary 4
  • Hovercraft transport vehicle that moves on a
    cushion of air.
  • Rudder apparatus for turning the boat.
  • Gearbox device which reduces or multiplies
    angular velocity.

17
Combined / mixed types
  • Passenger Car ferry
  • General cargo ship
  • Ro-Ro passenger ship

18
Ferry
19
Special purpose ship
  • Oil tanker (ULCC, VLCC)
  • Chemical carrier
  • LPG carrier
  • LNG carrier
  • FPSO (Floating production storage and offloading)

20
Oil tanker (side view)
21
Oil tanker 1
  • oil tanker petroleum tanker
  • designed for the bulk transport of oil
  • Basic types
  • Crude tanker (carries large quantities of
    unrefined oil from its point of extraction to
    refineries)
  • Product tanker (smaller / carries petrochemicals
    from refineries to points near consuming markets)

22
Oil tanker 2
  • VLC very large crude carrier (200,000 300,000
    dwt)
  • ULCC ultra large crude carrier (gt 300,000 dwt)

23
Chemical carrier
  • type of tanker designed to transport chemicals
    in bulk
  • has separate cargo tanks - coated

24
LPG carrier
25
LNG carrier
26
FPSO
27
FPSO
  • floating production, storage and offloading
  • used by the offshore industry for processing
    hydrocarbons and storage of oil
  • hydrocarbons produced from nearyby platforms are
    received, processed, stored, offloaded

28
Special purpose ship
  • Container ship
  • Ro-Ro ship
  • Car carrier
  • Bulk carrier

29
Container ship
30
Container ship
  • rapid growth ofcontainer transport
  • cargo can be transported from customer to
    customer
  • TEU (twenty feet equivalent unit)
  • FEU (forty feet equivalent unit)

31
Ro Ro ship
32
Ro-Ro ship
  • roll on / roll off
  • wheeled cargo (automobiles, trucks, etc.)
  • ramps

33
Bulk carrier
34
Bulk carrier
  • carries unpackaged bulk cargo (grain, coal, ore,
    cement) in cargo holds
  • bulk cargo can be dense, corrosive and abrasive
    -gt cargo shifting spontaneous combustion

35
Basic vocabulary 5
  • Write definitions for the words below
  • Navigation bridge
  • Container
  • Loading crane
  • Bulbous bow

36
Basic vocabulary 5
  • Navigation bridge raised platform from which a
    vessel is controlled.
  • Container standard sized boxlike object used
    for transporting goods.
  • Loading crane apparatus used to lift and
    operate cargo (containers).
  • Bulbous bow a protruding bulb at the bow of a
    ship just below the waterline.

37
Special purpose vessels
  • Harbour tug
  • Ocean -going tug
  • Supplier
  • Dredger
  • LASH ship
  • Heavy-lift vessel

38
Tugboat
39
Tugboat
  • highly manoeuverable
  • powerful for their size / strongly built

40
Supplier
41
Supplier
  • supply ship
  • designed to supply offshore oil platforms
  • transports goods and personnel to and from
    offshore oil platforms

42
Grab dredger
43
Grab dredger
  • used to maintain or deepen channels and fairways

44
LASH SHIP
  • Lighter aboard ship
  • Loading of barges (lighters)

45
Heavy-lift vessel
46
Heavy-lift vessel
  • moves vary large loads that cannot be handled by
    normally equipped ships
  • semi-submersible

47
Special purpose vessels
  • Cablelayer
  • Icebreaker
  • Oil drilling vessel
  • Research ship

48
Icebreaker
49
Icebreaker
  • hulls which are strengthened for navigation in
    ice
  • reinforced stem

50
Fishing vessels
  • Trawler
  • Freezer trawler
  • Fishery factory ship
  • Whale ship
  • Whale factory ship

51
Trawler
52
Trawler
  • engaged in all-the-year-round fishing
  • must therefore be a strong, sturdy vessel able to
    work in the worst of weather

53
Freezer trawler
  • can remain at sea for many weeks longer than this
    as the catch is sorted, washed, gutted and then
    frozen into about 40 kg-blocks and retained at a
    temperature of about -28C, until port is
    reached.

54
Fish factory
  • the catch is not only cleaned and gutted, but
    also filleted, skinned and processed ready for
    the market
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