Social and Political Structure of Ancient Rome - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Social and Political Structure of Ancient Rome PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 3e6db-MjY2N



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Social and Political Structure of Ancient Rome

Description:

Social and Political Structure of Ancient Rome. Ancient Rome Unit. Hang in there for 1 week! ... How does Rome's geography give it an advantage? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:1457
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 16
Provided by: RCP3
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Social and Political Structure of Ancient Rome


1
Social and Political Structure of Ancient Rome
  • Ancient Rome Unit

Hang in there for 1 week!!!
2
Do Now - Review of Friday
  • How does Romes geography give it an advantage?
  • What protects the Roman Empire from the northern
    invasion?
  • What sea basin is Rome located in the middle of?
  • What civilization does Rome borrow much of their
    religion from?
  • Who are the mythological founders of Rome?

3
Do Now - Review of Friday
  • How does Romes geography give it an advantage?
    Peninsula-protected on 3 sides, distance from
    East Mediterranean Powers
  • What protects the Roman Empire from the north?
    Alps
  • What sea basin is Rome located in the middle of?
    Mediterranean
  • What civilization does Rome borrow much of their
    religion from? Greek
  • Who are the mythological founders of Rome?
    Romulus Remus

4
The Founding of the Roman Republic
  • Etruscans group from Northern Italy that
    briefly controlled the peninsula.
  • 509 BC Romans drive out Etruscans to create new
    Roman state - a Republic.
  • Republic government structure where some
    officials chosen by people prevented individuals
    from gaining too much power.

http//www.bible-history.com/ancient_maps/Rome_Map
s/map_Etruscan_Empire_530_BC.gif
5
Structure of the Roman Republic
  • Patricians
  • Land-owning upper class
  • Descendants of founders of Rome
  • 5-10 of population held most power
  • Plebeians
  • Farmers, artisans, merchants
  • Majority of population very little power
  • Slaves
  • Lowest social class
  • NOT based on race

6
What rights did each have?
  • Patricians and Plebeians both could vote and make
    legal contracts.
  • Marriage WAS allowed for these groups, however
    they could NOT intermarry.

http//www.mrdowling.com/images/702patrician.gif
7
TV Timeout ?
8
The Big Dogs - the Roman Senate
  • The Senate
  • Most powerful body of the Republic
  • About 300 members
  • Served for life term and made laws
  • Only patricians could be Senators
  • The Senators
  • Chose two consuls chief executives
  • Consuls responsible for commanding the armies and
    directing the government.
  • Only serve one term, every 10 years.

9
Roman Senate, Cont…
  • By limiting consuls time in office, Rome had
    system of checks and balances on power of
    government.
  • Senate could also elect a dictator in event of
    war.
  • Dictator ruler with absolute power over
    government (usually for 6 months)

10
The Story of Cincinnatus
  • An Ideal dictator
  • 457 BC appointed by Senate
  • Organized army, defeated enemy, attended victory
    celebration, and returned home within 15 days.
  • Romans hoped future dictators would be modeled on
    Cincinnatus

http//www.nndb.com/people/833/000107512/cincinnat
us-1.jpg
11
Patricians vs. Plebeians
  • Patricians held most power, while Plebeians
    struggled for equality.
  • Plebeians gained from 1st written Roman law,
    created in 450 BC 12 Tables.
  • Inscribed laws of the land on 12 Tables and
    placed in the Roman Forum.
  • Forum public meeting place
  • Laws of 12 Tables clarified laws in Rome for all
    classes.

http//historylink102.com/italy-pic/rf-overlooking
-roman-forum.jpg
12
The Plebeians
  • Eventually gained right to elect own
    representatives known as Tribunes.
  • Tribunes worked in the Assembly it wasnt as
    powerful as the Senate.
  • Over time, he could veto laws that were unfair
    for Plebeians and gained equal status as the
    Senate.
  • Towards end of the Republic, the tribunes were as
    powerful as the Senate.

13
Structure of the Roman Political System
Consuls Two appointed by Senate for one year
terms Command army and direct Government
Senate Senators chosen from Patrician
class Serve for life and make laws
Assembly Made up of Tribunes chosen from
Plebeians Had limited power
14
Odds and Ends of the Political Structure
  • Women, aliens, and slaves could not participate
    in government.
  • Citizenship was granted to patricians and
    plebeians. Citizens had two main duties
  • Pay taxes
  • Military service
  • Military was mainly the legion troop of 6,000
    men.
  • Similar to Greeks citizens soldiers fought
    without pay and supplied own weapons

15
Quiz Tomorrow!!
  • Quiz on information from these notes and the
    notes on Friday.
  • Focus on fill in the blank areas, what the
    headings are focusing on, etc.
About PowerShow.com