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Ancient Rome

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Ancient Rome. The Organizers. Roman Art. Philosophy: Efficiency, ... The Legacy of Rome. Roman architects used Greek forms but developed new ... Rome. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Rome


1
Ancient Rome
  • The Organizers

2
Roman Art
  • Philosophy Efficiency, organization,
    practicality
  • Art Forms Mosaics, realistic wall paintings,
    idealized civic sculpture
  • Most Famous Building Pantheon
  • Signature City Rome
  • Role Model Greece
  • Major Contributions Law, engineering, and cement

3
The Legacy of Rome
  • Roman architects used Greek forms but developed
    new construction techniques
  • Arch to span greater distances than the Greek
    post and lintel
  • Other Roman contributions
  • Basilica an oblong building with semicircular
    apses on either end-used as a meeting place
  • Barrel Vault deep arch forming a half
    cylindrical roof
  • Groin Vault two intersecting barrel vaults at
    the same height that form a right angle.
    (See page 125)

4
Is it Greek or Roman?
The Pantheon, A.D. 118-125, Rome. The domed
rotunda of the Pantheon illustrates the Roman
architects ability to enclose space.
See page 135 text
5
Is it Greek or Roman?
  • Parthenon, 448-432 B.C., AthensThe Parthnons
    triangular pediment and columned portico show
    classic Greek temple format.

6
Is it Greek or is it Roman?Greek Roman art
architecture are often confused.
  • Greeks
  • Temples to glorify gods
  • Walls made of stone blocks
  • Rectangular, straight lines
  • Post and lintel support
  • Idealized god sculpture
  • Stylized figures floating in space in Paintings
  • Mythology subject of art
  • Roman
  • Civic buildings to honor Empire (baths, forums)
  • Walls of concrete with ornamental facings
  • Circles, curved lines
  • Rounded arch vault support
  • Realistic human beings sculpture
  • Realistic images with perspective
  • Civic leaders military triumphs

7
Roman Architecture Vaulting Ambition
  • Besides Roman Law, another one of Romes most
    valuable contributions was Architecture and
    Engineering
  • Roman Builders developed the arch, the vault,
    the dome and pioneered the creative use of
    concrete
  • Their engineering skills allowed immense covering
    of interior space without inner support.

8
Romes Wealth
  • Rome became incredibly rich due to their
    conquerings.
  • Neros palace The Golden House
  • Most opulent residence in antiquity
  • Featured Banquet room with perfume sprinklers
  • Domed Revolving Roof for guests to view
    constellations.

Neros Palace
9
Romans Loved Baths!
  • The more extravagant the better!
  • Baths of Caracalla
  • Where capacity crowds of 1600 bathed in pools of
    varying water temperatures.

10
Roman Sculpture Politics as Usual
  • Romans copied the Greeks until gradually they
    developed their own style.
  • Generally, Roman sculpture was more literal.
  • Wax death masks of ancestors adorned their homes.
    They were realistic and completely factual had
    a large influence on sculptors.

11
An Exception to Rule. . .
  • Was the assembly line production of god-like
    busts of emperors, politicians and military
    leaders that established a political presence
    throughout Europe.
  • During Romes decline, portrait busts reverted to
    brutal honesty. . .
  • See pages 143, 144, 145for other examples

Marcus Aurelius, A.D. 165, Rome. He was a Stoic
philosopher who detested war. Sculptor reflects
his gentleness.
12
Narrative Relief
  • Another principle form of Roman sculpture.
  • Column of Trajan, 650 ft. long relief,
    commemorating mass slaughter in 150scenes.
  • Panels of sculpted figures decorated triumphal
    arches depicting victorious armies.

The Column of Trajan, 106-113 AD
13
The Colosseum
  • Still one of the worlds largest buildings in
    terms of sheer mass the inspiration for present
    day stadiums.
  • Used for large scale public entertainment.
  • Opening act Naval Battle Scene (300 cast)
  • Other Acts Starving Lions, Man vs. Bear, etc.

14
Pompeii A City Turned to Carbon
  • A luxury resort community, Pop.25000 - 79AD
  • Destroyed by Mt. Vesuvius eruption
  • Was covered forgotten for 1700 years . . .
    Preserved!

15
Pompeii Findings
  • Scientific excavation disclosed whole villas in
    which every wall was painted with realistic still
    lifes and landscapes and make believe windows
  • Style immitations of colored marble to trompe
    loeil
  • Mastery of tricks of perspective, light and
    shadow and mosaics.

16
Mural Paintings On or Near Site
Mural Paintings Executed in Buon Fresco but
with small amounts of wax added to increase
shine. Created illusions of framed art Narrative
Order Scenes
View of the Frescos at the Villa of the Mysteries
near Pompeii, 65-50 BC (pg.146 text)
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