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EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT OF NORTH AMERICA

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EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT OF NORTH AMERICA A2 7.8.31 Mr. Long Anderson High School Cincinnati, Ohio – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT OF NORTH AMERICA


1
EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT OF NORTH AMERICA
  • A2
  • 7.8.31

Mr. Long Anderson High School Cincinnati, Ohio
2
WHAT IS HISTORY??
  • Prologue, After the Fact
  • Point of View (ATF 1)

3
Guiding Question 1
  • Why did people settle in the British North
    American colonies?
  • Did people come for primarily economic concerns
    or for religious/idealistic motivations?

4
Guiding Question 2
  • Why and How did the British North American
    colonies develop into distinctively different
    societies and economies?
  • Regions (1) the Chesapeake and Lower South, (2)
    New England, (3) Mid-Atlantic.

5
American Colonies at the End of the Seventeenth
Century
6
VIRGINIACHESAPEAKE
7
Roanoke Colony, 1584-1590
8
Virginia Company, Charter, 1606
9
Chesapeake Bay Jamestown
10
Settlement of Virginia
  • Virginia Company
  • Jamestown
  • John Smith
  • John Rolfe
  • Tobacco
  • starving time
  • House of Burgesses
  • indentured servants
  • headright system

Jamestown Settlement (Computer Generated)
11
Early Colonial Tobacco
1618 Virginia produces 20,000 pounds of
tobacco. 1622 Despite losing nearly
one-third of its colonists in an
Indian attack, Virginia produces 60,000
pounds of tobacco. 1627 Virginia
produces 500,000 pounds of
tobacco. 1629 Virginia produces 1,500,000
pounds of tobacco.
12
Tobacco Prices1618-1710
13
Life in Early Virginia, 1620-1670s
  • plantations
  • society
  • economy
  • quality of life
  • religion?

River Plantations in Virginia, c. 1640
14
17th Century Populationin the Chesapeake
15
Social Unrest in the Chesapeake
  • Bacons rebellion
  • causes
  • Backcountry settlement and Protection
  • Power of eastern elites and Taxation
  • significance

Bacons rebellion in Virginia, 1676
16
Significance of Bacons Rebellion
  • First large rebellion in colonies (political
    social)
  • Social/political conflict eastern elites vs.
    backcountry
  • Catalyst in transition from indentured servitude
    to slavery

17
Reasons for Slavery
  • Decrease in indentured servants
  • English economy
  • Increase in availability of slaves
  • end of Royal African company monopoly
  • Decrease in price
  • Fears of growing number of landless freemen
  • Available supply from Caribbean

18
Population of Chesapeake Colonies 1610-1750
19
The Atlantic Slave Trade
middle passage
20
Slave Trade
21
Slave Colonies of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth
Centuries
22
Estimated Number of Africans Imported to British
North America, 17011775
23
(No Transcript)
24
Slavery
Africans as a Percentage of Total Population of
the British Colonies, 16501770
  • Where was slavery legal? In which colonies did
    it exist?

25
The Chesapeake Colonies in the Seventeenth
Century
26
Deep South
The West Indies and Carolina in the Seventeenth
Century
  • Carolina (1682)
  • Georgia (1738)
  • rice
  • indigo

Rice
Indigo
27
Early Carolina, circa 1710
28
The Carolinas and Georgia
29
Spread of Settlement British Colonies, 16501700
30
NEW ENGLAND
31
American Colonies at the End of the Seventeenth
Century
32
English Migration, 1610-1660
33
Plymouth
  • Separatists
  • Pilgrims
  • Plymouth
  • Mayflower Compact

Mayflower II
34
Massachusetts Bay
  • Puritans
  • Great Migration
  • City upon a hill

35
New England
  • towns
  • town meetings
  • church
  • Education
  • Old Satan Deluder Act (1647)
  • Harvard College (1636)
  • merchants

Land Division in Sudbury, MA 1639-1656
36
Population of the New England Colonies
37
Puritan Rebels
Roger Williams
Anne Hutchinson
38
New England Colonies, 1650
39
King Philips War, 1675 1676)
40
MIDDLE COLONIES
41
Colonies in Eastern North America1650
42
New Netherland New Sweden
43
New York
  • New Netherland (1613) Who? Why?
  • Patroonships gtgtgt
  • New York (1664)
  • society
  • economy

44
Pennsylvania
  • William Penn
  • Quakers
  • society
  • economy
  • Indian relations

Royal Land Grant to Penn
45
Middle Colonies, 1685
46
Area of English settlement by 1700
47
American Colonies at the End of the Seventeenth
Century
48
Britain's American Empire, 1713
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