The Palestinian-Israel conflict is not age-old, nor is it based on religion, nor is it intractable. It is a modern political conflict created by the interplay of power and politics. Similarly it can be solved by political means that address power and - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Palestinian-Israel conflict is not age-old, nor is it based on religion, nor is it intractable. It is a modern political conflict created by the interplay of power and politics. Similarly it can be solved by political means that address power and

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Title: The Palestinian-Israel conflict is not age-old, nor is it based on religion, nor is it intractable. It is a modern political conflict created by the interplay of power and politics. Similarly it can be solved by political means that address power and


1
The Palestinian-Israel conflict is not age-old,
nor is it based on religion, nor is it
intractable. It is a modern political conflict
created by the interplay of power and politics.
Similarly it can be solved by political means
that address power and politics.   One of the
major aspects of the conflict is the fact that
the US provides Israel with military and economic
aid which sustains Israels military prowess in
the region as well as its dominance in the
Palestinian-Israel conflict. This aid is given
irrespective of Israels compliance with
international humanitarian and human rights law.
As a result, Israel does nothing to rectify the
grievances wrought by military occupation, the
denial of full equality of its Palestinian-Israeli
citizens as well as the right to return of
approximately 4.5 million Palestinian refugees.
  Activists worldwide have responded to this
dismal situation by calling for boycott,
divestment and sanctions campaigns (BDS). In
doing so, this movement recognizes that so long
as Israel is economically strong it has no reason
to comport with international humanitarian and
human rights law. Similar to the strategy used to
ameliorate the intransigence of Apartheid South
Africas government, the strategy of boycott,
divestment and sanctions seeks to ameliorate
Israels military intransigence and obstinate
refusal to comply with international law.
2
The CAT campaign is part and parcel of this
international BDS campaign. By targeting CAT and
exposing its complicity in Israels human rights
violations against Palestinians facilitated by
the use of CAT bulldozers, activists are
exercising their agency in the Palestinian-Israel
conflict by holding a US based internationally
strong corporation accountable. Although we do
not have the power to make the U.S. a truly
honest broker in the peace process, and whereas
we dont have the ability to convince Israeli
leadership that equality is really a better
solution than is occupationwe do have the
ability to force Israel to contend with the
applicability of international law by joining the
BDS campaign and whet that involvement by
targeting CAT.
3
  • Introduction
  • Caterpillar, Inc., is a multinational corporation
    based in Peoria, Illinois, that sells weaponized
    bulldozers to Israel. These weaponized bulldozers
    are used to
  • destroy Palestinian homes and civilian
    infrastructure
  • build Israels Wall which confiscates
    Palestinian land
  • injure and kill civilians
  • Human rights and citizens groups all over the
    world have called Caterpillar to account,
    demanding that the company stop profiting from
    the destruction of Palestinian lives.
  • Caterpillar is facing a growing public relations
    and divestment campaign that is connecting the
    Cat brand name with home demolitions and other
    human rights violations.

4
  • What is Cat?
  • Caterpillar is one of the strongest US-based
    multi-national corporations. It is the worlds
    largest manufacturer of construction and mining
    equipment.
  • Cat Company details
  • Incorporated in Peoria, Illinois
  • Operating in over 200 countries
  • In 2004, the corporation posted sale and
    revenues of 30.25 billion and a profit of 2
    billion (NYSE CAT).

5
Caterpillar Bulldozers Are Weapons Once in
Israel, the Caterpillar D9 bulldozers are
equipped by Israeli military companies with
machine gun mounts, smoke projectors, grenade
launchers, and bullet proof windows. The D9 is
over 13 feet (4 meters) tall and can plow six
feet (1.8 meters) into a concrete structure in a
single blow. The front blade is more than 6 feet
high and 15 feet wide. On the bulldozers back is
the ripper and it can penetrate five feet and
five inches into the ground.
6
An Israeli military commander referred to
Caterpillar bulldozers as the key weapon in its
military occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza
Strip. ¹
¹ Alon, Ben David 'Israel-Double Jeopardy,' Jones
Defence Weekly, 17/11/04
7
  • Israels Human Rights Violations Perpetrated by
    Caterpillar
  • Cat bulldozers have become one of the key symbols
    of human rights violations in the Occupied
    Territories.
  • The D9 and D10 bulldozers are instrumental in
  • the destruction of agricultural land
  • home demolitions
  • extrajudicial killings of civilians
  • the construction of the Annexation Wall (also
    known as the Separation Fence).

8
  • Agricultural Destruction Olive Trees
  • Olive trees are one of the richest symbols of
    Palestinian history and connection to the land.
    For many Palestinians, olives and olive oil
    represent a main source of income.
  • Precise figures relating to destruction committed
    specifically with Caterpillar bulldozers is
    difficult to obtain, yet the following statistics
    give us some idea
  • Miftah quotes 1,085,063 olive trees uprooted
    during the last 4 ½ years (April 13, 2005).
  • The War on Want Caterpillar Report records
    454,541 trees uprooted between Oct 2000 Dec
    2001, quoting a World Bank report of March 18,
    2002 (pp. 17-18)

9
Home Demolitions Caterpillar bulldozers are the
main weapon used by the Israeli Army to demolish
Palestinian homes. According to the UN, between
September 2000 and December 2004, the Israeli
Army destroyed a total of 4,170 Palestinian
homes.
10
Israeli authorities have said that their
demolitions are punitive measures against the
family homes of Palestinians engaged in, or
suspected of engagement, in armed activities
against Israel. However, a recent report
published by BTselem¹ and cited by the UN shows
that 47 of the homes demolished by the Israeli
military were never home to anyone suspected of
military activity against Israel.
¹ The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights
in the Occupied Territories
11
Extrajudicial Killings Extrajudicial killing is
a violation of US and international law. In the
US, perpetrators of extrajudicial killing abroad
can be sued under the Torture Victim Protection
Act. The following are three cases of
civilians killed by Caterpillar bulldozers.
12
Rachel Corrie On March 16, 2003, Rachel
Corrie, a 23-year-old American peace activist,
was killed by a D9 Cat bulldozer as she attempted
to protect a Palestinian home from demolition.
The Israeli soldier responsible said he did not
see Corrie and did not run her over
intentionally.
13
Jamal Fayed On April 9, 2002, an Israeli soldier
used a Caterpillar bulldozer to demolish the home
of Fathiya Muhammad Sulayman Fayed, killing her
paralyzed and disabled son Jamal Fayed who was
still inside at the time of the demolition.
14
Ibrahim Mahmoud Mohammed Khalafallah On June 12,
2004, a Caterpillar bulldozer was used to
demolish the home of Ibrahim Mahmoud Mohammed
Khalafallah located in Khan Younis refugee camp
in the Gaza Strip.
15
The Wall In June 2002 Israel began construction
of a Wall on Palestinian land inside of, and not
on, the Green Line, citing the pretext of
security. However, the Walls path betrays its
real purpose the annexation of as many illegal
settlements as possible to Israel. Caterpillar
bulldozers are being used to build this Wall.
16
At the urging of the UN General Assembly, the
International Court of Justice (ICJ) examined the
case of the Wall. In July 2004, the Court
issued its Advisory opinion declaring the Wall
illegal and calling for its destruction.
17
  • Caterpillar Sales to Israel Violate International
    Law
  • The destruction of agricultural land and homes in
    the Occupied Territories is in violation of
    several international laws. Its illegal to
  • destroy or seize Palestinian property.
    Caterpillar bulldozers destroy homes and
    orchards.
  • limit the ability of the Palestinians to access
    food. The UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to
    Food says that Caterpillar bulldozers violate the
    Palestinian peoples right to food.
  • punish an entire people for the crime of one
    person. Its illegal for Caterpillar bulldozers
    to destroy a familys home, even if one person
    living there is suspected of terrorism.
  • All of the above constitute war crimes under
    international law.

18
Caterpillar Sales to Israel Violate Caterpillars
Own Code of Conduct In addition to international
law, Caterpillars own Code of Business Conduct
prohibits the irresponsible sale of their
equipment. Caterpillars Code of Business
Conduct says, Caterpillar accepts the
responsibilities of global citizenship. Wherever
we conduct business or invest our resources
around the world, we know that our commitment to
financial success must also take into account
social priorities.
19
Caterpillar Defends Its Sale of Weaponized
Bulldozers
In response to letters from activists, Human
Rights Watch, and the UN Special Rapporteur to
Food, Cat CEO James Owens wrote that Caterpillar
has neither the legal right nor the ability to
monitor and police individual use of that
equipment. In a Caterpillar statement on the
Middle East, they said we believe any comments
on political comments on the political conflict
in the region are best left to our governmental
leaders who the ability to impact action and
advance the peace process.
20
What Can We Do?
In the case of its sales to the Israeli military
Caterpillar has clearly violated international
law and its own code of conduct. Even with calls
from Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch,
the UN Special Rapporteur on Food Rights, the
Presbyterian Church USA, and citizens groups
working on human rights in Israel-Palestine,
Caterpillar has not changed its policy, much less
conducted an independent investigation of its
behavior. Violations of the Palestinians human
rights continue.
21
Citizens Taking Action The Powerful Example of
Divestment from South African Apartheid In the
US, we have many precedents of small groups of
concerned citizens effecting massive change.
During the campaign against South African
apartheid in the 1980s, activists waged a
divestment campaign against Chase Manhattan,
Mobil, Shell, General Motors, and IBM, and other
US corporations doing business with Apartheid
South Africa. We have the opportunity to play a
positive role in the world once again.
Demonstrators at Yale University 1 November 1985
for financial divestment from apartheid South
Africa
22
Citizens Taking Action The US Campaign to End
the Israeli Occupation and Caterpillar At the US
Campaign to End the Israeli Occupations 4th
Annual Conference, its member organizations
passed a resolution to adopt the Cat Campaign as
its National Campaign. The Campaign consists of
a three-pronged strategy to put grassroots,
legislative, and institutional pressure on Cat.
For more information and resources
http//www.endtheoccupation.org and/or contact
outreach_at_endtheoccupation.org
23
Citizens Taking Action Jewish Voice for Peace
and Caterpillar Since 2003, Jewish Voice for
Peace has presented two stockholder resolutions
at Cats annual shareholder meetings. JVP plans
to present another shareholder resolution once
again to mount internal pressure and bring more
attention to Cats complicity in human rights
violations perpetrated against Palestinians.
For more information on how to get
involved in Jewish activism against Cat human
rights abuses, please contact info_at_jewishvoiceforp
eace.org.
24
Citizens Taking Action Presbyterian Church and
Caterpillar In July 2004, the Presbyterian
Church voted in favor of a resolution that will
assess whether or not the situation on the ground
in Israel-Palestine warrants selective divestment
from corporations profiting from the Israeli
occupation. Among the corporations targeted is
Caterpillar. In the summer of 2006, the General
Assembly of the Presbyterian Church USA will
discuss whether or not to move ahead with the
initiative on selective divestment. For more
information on how to support your local
Presbyterian Church, contact precolonial_at_yahoo.com
.
25
Citizens Taking Action The Lawsuit Against
Caterpillar The Seattle Law School Human Rights
Clinic in collaboration with the Center for
Constitutional Rights filed a law suit against
Caterpillar on behalf of seven Palestinian
families and the parents of Rachel Corrie. The
law suit was filed in March 2005 and cites the
Alien Tort Claims Act and the Torture Victim
Protection Act. Caterpillar is being charged
with wrongful death, negligence, extra-judicial
killing, and war crimes. For more information
about the law suit please visit www.ccr-ny.org
and/or contact legal_at_endtheoccupation.org.
26
Citizens Taking Action StopCAT Coalition and
Caterpillar The StopCAT Coalition, based out of
Chicago, Illinois is waging a consumer boycott
against Cat which targets its apparel line. For
two years in a row, StopCAT has organized and
coordinated a national demonstration on March
16th to commemorate the murder of Rachel Corrie.
For more information on how to get involved
with StopCAT initiatives, visit
http//www.stopcat.org/.
27
  • Citizens Taking Action
  • Other Local Caterpillar Campaigns
  • There are also local Caterpillar coalitions in at
    least 10 US cities, including
  • Boston
  • New York
  • Washington, DC
  • Philadelphia
  • Detroit
  • Chicago
  • Peoria
  • Kansas City
  • Oakland
  • Portland
  • For more information on local Cat Campaigns, or
    to get the materials to begin your own local work
    on Cat goto
  • http//www.endtheoccupation.org/article.php?listt
    ypetype157

28
How can I get more involved? If youd like to
get involved in the movement to use economic
pressure to end the Israeli governments abuse of
human rights, get more information at
www.endtheoccupation.org www.CATdestroysHome
s.org www.jewishvoiceforpeace.org www.stopcat.
org and email info_at_jewishvoiceforpeace.org o
utreach_at_endtheoccupation.org
29
(No Transcript)
30
Frequently Asked Questions Cat is a
multi-billion dollar, multi-national
corporationisnt futile to try to hurt it
economically? Youre probably rightit will be
near to impossible to hurt Caterpillar
economically, but thats not the point. This
Campaign aims to be a public relations campaign
to tarnish the image that Cat strives to make for
itself as a globally responsible corporation.
Caterpillar spends millions each year
associating its brand name with positive values.
Caterpillar recently sued Disney to block release
of a childrens movie in which cartoon
Caterpillar bulldozers are destroying the rain
forest. A company that is concerned about the
brand damage caused by a cartoon must also be
concerned about the brand damage caused by real
news footage of Cat bulldozers grinding down
childrens bedrooms and uprooting family kitchens.
31
Frequently Asked Questions Cat is a
multi-billion dollar, multi-national
corporationisnt futile to try to hurt it
economically? cont.d While Caterpillar has
responded to human rights and citizens groups
for years with the same boilerplate statement
denying responsibility for human rights abuses,
the issue has become a serious public relations
problem that shows no signs of going away.
Negative coverage of the company has
skyrocketed from 2001 when only 3 stories ran
connecting Cat to the illegal destruction of
property, to the first three months of 2005, when
nearly 230 similar stories ran in major
English-language media outlets. While we cant
make them go bankrupt we can certainly continue
the great job were already doing to make Cats
true colors shine.
32
Frequently Asked Questions Cat isn't responsible
for how their equipment is being used by the
Israeli military. Corporate executives have
served jail time for selling products to
governments who use them to violate human rights.
For example, during World War II, the Nazi regime
used an ordinary pesticide called Zyklon B to
kill human beings in gas chambers. During the
Nuremburg Trials, conducted after the war,
corporate executives of chemical conglomerate IG
Farben, the company that produced Zyklon B,
claimed that they could not have known how their
product was being used. The court disagreed.
Thirteen of IG Farbens executives went to jail
for war crimes.
33
Frequently Asked Questions Cat isn't
responsible for how their equipment is being used
by the Israeli military, cont.d Frans van
Anraat, a Dutch businessman, was arrested at his
home in December 2004 and charged with providing
Saddam Husseins regime with the poison gas that
killed thousands of Kurds in Halabja in the late
1980s. He was condemned and sentenced to 15 years
imprisonment in December 2005. Caterpillar
executives are knowingly providing the equipment
being used by the Israeli military to violate
human rights. This is like selling a gun to a
convicted killer who you know is planning a
murder. If you knew this person was going to kill
someone and you helped them do it, you are also
responsible for the crime. There is a legal
precedent for corporate executives being held
liable for supplying equipment used to violate
human rights.
34
Frequently Asked Questions Doesnt targeting
Cat detract from the real problemIsraeli human
rights abuses? The Israeli government is indeed
the ultimate culprit in this situation. The idea
is not to deflect attention from Israel but to
elucidate its violations by waging a corporate
accountability campaign that folds into the
international boycott/divestment/sanctions
movement. The movement seeks to isolate Israel
economically, socially, and culturally much the
same way that the anti-Apartheid movement did
with Apartheid South Africa. Targeting Cat
should enhance the campaign to put economic
pressure on Israel to end the Israeli
governments abuse of human rights. Caterpillar
is one example of many US corporations and
enterprises that profit from Israels racist
policies that also translates into its military
occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
By targeting Cat, we have the opportunity to
reach the hearts and ears of average Americans
who otherwise may never care to ask. This forces
those Average Americans to ask, what is Cat
doing? Why are homes being bulldozed? Since when
was that legal?
35
Frequently Asked Questions Doesnt targeting
Cat detract from the real problemIsraeli human
rights abuses? cont.d Comprehensive divestment
is optimal but not always possible given regional
considerations. To bypass the road blocks
stunting the divestment campaign, use Cat as a
stepping stone, an illustrative example among
many. It is also a great opportunity to link
Cat to other campaignsnamely the corporate
accountability movement. Other US corporations
that have been targeted at home for their
violations abroad include The Gap, Tommy
Hilfiger, Shell Oil, Royal Dutch Petroleum, and
Exxon.
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