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Myths, Legends, Folk Tales and Fables


Myths, Legends, Folk Tales and Fables Westfield State College Computers in Education Fall 2008 Megan M Banks Introduction There are four types of literature in the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Myths, Legends, Folk Tales and Fables

Myths, Legends, Folk Tales and Fables
  • Westfield State College
  • Computers in Education
  • Fall 2008
  • Megan M Banks

  • There are four types of literature in the Oral
    tradition Myths, Legends, Folk Tales and
    Fables. Every culture, in every corner of the
    world has stories. Whether they are creation
    myths formed to understand the world around us,
    fables designed to instruct, or legends and
    folktales to entertain and awe, we have all heard
    them, we all know them and we will all tell them.
    Storytelling is everywhere you go. Listening to
    stories from different cultures can help us
    understand them better. Listening to some can
    help us understand our own history better.

  • But do you know the differences between these
    types of stories? Do you know their
    fundamentals? Could you write one if you had the
  • Yes you can! Over the course of this project,
    you will discover what makes each of these types
    of story unique, what elements they share and you
    will be challenged to create your own oral

  • Look up and record the definitions of Oral
    Tradition Myth, Folk Tale, Fable, and Legend.
    Be sure to put these definitions in your own
  • Make a chart showing the elements of each type
    and the elements they have in common.
  • Choose one of the four types of oral tradition
    (myth, legend, folk tale or fable). Read several
    (at least 5) of this type of story as a group to
    familiarize yourself with its structure and

Once you have chosen your type of story, complete
the corresponding task
  • Myth Write your own creation myth. Then,
    present your myth to the class.
  • Folk Tale Choose a folk tale and work with your
    group to present it to the class.
  • Legend Write a legend based on a real person
    either in history in current day. You may choose
    someone famous, an ancestor or someone that has
    had an impact on your life.
  • Fable Create a modern fable that conveys a
    message about life that you think is important
    for children to learn. Then present your fable
    to the class.

  • When writing your stories, make sure that you
    are staying within the format of your chosen
    genre of story.
  • When you present your story, you may choose to
    tell the story as a group, act it out, do a
    puppet show or present it in a form of your
    choosing. Make sure that you tell the story and
    that whole group is involved.
  • Pay close attention to the presentations of your
    classmates. Hopefully youve had fun learning
    about oral tradition and creating your own
    stories. Your stories will be printed and posted
    in the media center for others to enjoy. As a
    class, we will also be presenting our new myths,
    legends, folk tales and fables to the first grade!

  • You will be evaluated on your group
    presentation as well as the written tasks you
    will hand in to the teacher. Your presentation
    will be evaluated for full group inclusion,
    clarity and your inclusion of the components of
    your chosen story form. Your definitions, chart
    and stories must all be typed. All activities
    will be evaluated for completeness, neatness, and
    literary content and accuracy.

Internet Resources
  • Grimm's Fairy Tales - This book contains 209
    tales collected by the brothers Grimm.
  • Hans Christian Anderson - Fairy Tales and Stories
    - English Translation H. P. Paull (1872)
  • Aesop's Fables - List of famous fables plus
    colorful illustrations
  • Stories, Folklore, and Fairy Tales Theme Page - A
    collection of links related to story telling.
  • Creation Myths From Around the World A
    collection of links to creation myths from
    several different cultures.
  • What is a Myth?
  • Myths, Legends, Fables Folklore
  • Fact Monster Dictionary An online childrens
    dictionary to help you with your first task.

Department of Education Frameworks
  • Topic Myth, Traditional Narrative, and
    Classical Literature
  • Grade 5
  • 16s.3. Compare different versions of the same
    story from traditional literature (for example,
    American folktales).
  • 16s.4. Identify common structures of traditional
    literature (for example, that characters or story
    elements often come in threes, such as three
    bears, three sisters, three wishes, or three
    tasks or that there are magic helpers, such as
    talking animals, fairies, or elves).
  • 16s.5. Identify common stylistic elements in
    traditional literature (such as repeated
    refrains, similes, hyperbole).
  • Grades 5-6
  • 19.14. For imaginative/literary writing
  • Write stories or scripts containing the basic
    elements of fiction (characters, dialogue,
    setting, plot with a clear resolution).

  • This WebQuest was developed by Megan M. Banks in
    the fall of 2008, as part of a class on Recent
    Development in Computer Education offered by
    Westfield State College. This WebQuest was
    developed by exploring other webquests.
  • Credit is due to
  • Rebecca Anderson and Robin Pellegrini and
    their webquest Myth Makers http//www.southernct
  • Mary B. Reid and her webquest Once Upon A Time
    A WebQuest on Fairy Tales, Fables, Myths, and
    Legends http//
  • Department of Education Frameworks can be found
    at http//