Guidelines for Preparing Slides - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Guidelines for Preparing Slides PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3e44ac-NWNkN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Guidelines for Preparing Slides

Description:

Changes in the Power system market (details follow). 5. ... Deregulated electricity market cause quick changes in the operational conditions. 10. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:49
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 23
Provided by: Instructio55
Learn more at: http://www.indiacoreevents.in
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Guidelines for Preparing Slides


1
Road Map for AMR N.Murugesan TCE Consulting
Engineers Ltd Bangalore nmurugesan_at_tce.co.in nmur
ugesan_at_yahoo.com ( alternate)
2
The Power system industry is in competition
to have optimal management of the power system
network in all system levels. Two aspects
that influence the objectives are
1. Economical 2. Technical.
3
Economical
1. P.S Information enable the utility to be more
successful and competitive in a free market
. 2. It becomes a strategic requirement when
fast decisions are required. 3. Now it cant
be obtained from existing conventional Power
system, the utility cannot be responsive. 4.
Changes in the Power system market (details
follow). 5. To support the energy market decision
process existing control centres,
substations and distribution system may have to
be upgraded to provide the necessary
information in a timely manner. 6. Cost
reduction in operation ( Personnel reduction,
crew management etc ) 7. Faster fault
location clearance (minimal supply
interruption time is directly related to
cost ) ( FLISR). 8.Cost reduction in maintenance
( Trouble shooting, inventory control, Testing
etc). 9. Deregulated electricity market cause
quick changes in the operational conditions.
10. Economic pressure forces to maximize the
utilisation of HV eqmt.
4
Technical
  • 1. Accurate, timely and trusted information must
    be provided to the
  • utilities and traders.
  • 2. Data to the master control stations from
    automated substations is
  • needed continuously.
  • 3. Documentation (changes and upgrades to the
    network).
  • 4. Sequential switching and expert systems.
  • Reliability The ability to diagnose in real time
    problems
  • shortens the time required for diagnosis and
    increases the
  • reliability of the equipment. This resulted in
    a faster restoration of
  • the substations.
  • 6. On line information for optimal utilisation
    of transmission
  • capacity, Wide Area Protection ( WAP) ,
    Power transmission
  • Security etc.
  • 7. Wide area disturbances forced power companies
    to design system
  • protection schemes to counter Voltage
    instability, angular
  • instability, frequency instability etc.
  • 8. Lack in awareness of the real time power
    system status caused
  • the recent blackout in many countries.
  • 9. Improve the real-time wide area information
    that is available to

5
New structure in Deregulated Environment
Genco
Genco
Genco
Gen
Open access in Transmission
RO
ISO
Traders
Transmission
SO
Discom
Discom
Discom
Open access in Distribution
Traders
Distribution
Customer
Customer
Customer
6
Works of Standard organisations Research
Institutions
  • CEIDS the Consortium for an Electric
    Infrastructure in a Digital Society, the
    predecessor to EPRIs IntelliGrid Consortium).
  • 2. EPRIs InteleGrid , Gridwise
  • 3. CERTS ( Consortium of Electric Reliability
    Technology Solutions)
  • 4. Galvin Electric Initiatives
  • 5. PSERC
  • 6. CIGRE, IEEE
  • 7. IEC TC 13, TC 57
  • ( Development of IEC 61850 started with a
    workshop by EPRI in 1984)

7
The IntelliGrid Vision The power delivery system
of the future Fully coordinated to operate
automatically, efficiently, and reliably.
Meets emergency conditions with self-healing
actions Responsive to energy market and utility
business needs Communicates intelligently to
customers, operators, and decision-makers
Takes advantage of central and distributed
power supply and demand resources
8
Merger of Two infrastructure ( Power
Information)
Source EPRI
9
Multivendor products and operation Industry-Level
Architecture Enables Security Policy
Administration
10
High value with integrated system
Energy Markets
Outage Mgmt
Real time contingencies
Security
Network Management
Data Management
Protection
SCADA
AMR
Seamless integration
11
The Key Requirements for Future Investment
Source EPRI
12
(No Transcript)
13
Source IEC TC 57
14
Possible trend in the far future
CIGRE Road map
15
Requirements on Meters
Next Generation of Smart Meters Provides Two
way communication Follow international open
communication protocol ( IEC 62056) Provides
a means to communicate consumption to other
devices To be truly smart the meter requires a
regular exchange of information A smart
metering system is an infusion of information
technology and metering delivering Can
provide new added value services
16
AMR Communication Networks
  • 1. Mobile Radio Systems
  • 2. Fixed Networks
  • 3. Cellular and RF
  • 4. Public or private network,
  • or a mixture of both.
  • 5. PLC communications
  • Note Among those above wireless and
  • PLCC are major candidate for
  • communication. Hence need more
  • attentions.

17
Communication options
a) GSM to communicate data from Smart Meters
GSM - Global System for Mobile Communications
or cell phone technology GSM is a key
technology to allow remote access to meters
Does not require new infrastructure - ubiquitous
and available Solutions can be built on proven
communication technology Communication can be
by GSM data call, GPRS or SMS depending on the
application SMS is an ideal technology for
reading meters
18
Communication options
  • Power Line Carrier (PLC)
  • Utilizes the power lines of the local electric
  • utility to retrieve the data from the endpoint
    to
  • the substation, and then utilizes various
  • communication technologies to convey the data
  • to the central data collection point
  • c) Hybrid Systems
  • Utility has many choices to read meters i.e
    Mobile radio frequency (handheld, vehicle-based)
    or fixed network frequency or a combination of
    technologies using PLC .
  • Future AMRs predicted to follow this trend

19
Market Implementation Options
Define strategies Standardize interfaces No
proprietory Plan in advance for new
applications and legacy systems Exchange of
meters stranded assets Modification/upgrade
of installed meters removal from network
20
The Key Requirements for Future Investment
Interoperability The ability to plug and play
devices and software Open Architecture Savings
of both capital and life cycle cost.
Non-proprietary infrastructure means no vendor
lock-in Easy to develop uniform systems across
enterprises. Because vendors compete,
innovations will result Easy to maintain than
disparate proprietary system Based on
Industry-Accepted Standards Encourages
confident infrastructure investment Reduces
risk of obsolescence Smooth migration ensured
21
Questions?
Did I skip over the interesting part of my
presentation?
22
Thanks for the opportunity
nmurugesan_at_tce.co.in nmurugesan_at_yahoo.com (
alternate)
About PowerShow.com