ICFA Standing Committee on Interregional Connectivity SCIC - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: ICFA Standing Committee on Interregional Connectivity SCIC


1
  • ICFA Standing Committee on
    Interregional Connectivity (SCIC)

Harvey B. Newman California Institute of
TechnologyICFA Meeting, BeijingAugust 20, 2004
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ICFA Standing Committee on Interregional
Connectivity (SCIC)
  • Created by ICFA in July 1998 in Vancouver
    Following ICFA-NTF
  • CHARGE
  • Make recommendations to ICFA concerning the
    connectivity between the Americas, Asia and
    Europe (and network requirements of HENP)
  • As part of the process of developing
    theserecommendations, the committee should
  • Monitor traffic on world networks
  • Keep track of technology developments
  • Periodically review forecasts of future
    bandwidth needs, and
  • Provide early warning of potential problems
  • Create subcommittees as needed to meet the charge
  • Representatives Major labs, ECFA, ACFA, N. and
    S. American Users
  • The chair of the committee reports to ICFA once
    peryear, at its joint meeting with laboratory
    directors (Today)

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SCIC in 2003-4A Period of Intensive Activity
  • http//cern.ch/ICFA-SCIC/
  • Monitoring Les Cottrell (http//www.slac.stanfor
    d.edu/xorg/icfa/scic-netmon) With Richard
    Hughes-Jones (Manchester), Sergio Novaes (Sao
    Paolo) Sergei Berezhnev (RUHEP), Fukuko Yuasa
    (KEK), Daniel Davids (CERN), Sylvain Ravot
    (Caltech), Shawn McKee (Michigan)
  • Advanced Technologies Richard Hughes-Jones,With
    Olivier Martin(CERN), Vladimir Korenkov (JINR,
    Dubna), Harvey Newman
  • The Digital Divide Alberto Santoro (UERJ,
    Brazil)
  • With V. Ilyin (MSU), Y. Karita(KEK), D.O.
    Williams (CERN),D. Son (Korea), H. Hoorani, S.
    Zaidi (Pakistan), S. Banerjee (India), V. White
    (FNAL), J. Ibarra, Heidi Alvarez (AMPATH)
  • Key Requirements Harvey Newman et al.

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SCIC in 2003-2004 http//cern.ch/icfa-scic
  • Three 2004 Reports Presented to ICFA in
    February
  • Main Report Networking for HENP H. Newman
    et al.
  • Includes Brief Updates on Monitoring, the Digital
    Divide and Advanced Technologies
  • A World Network Overview (with 27 Appendices)
    Status and Plans for the Next Few Years of
    National Regional Networks, and Optical Network
    Initiatives
  • Monitoring Working Group Report L.
    Cottrell
  • Digital Divide in Russia V. Ilyin
    August 2004 Update Reports at the SCIC Web Site
  • See http//icfa-scic.web.cern.ch/ICFA-SCIC/docum
    ents.htm
  • Asia Pacific, Latin America, GLORIAD
    (US-Ru-Ko-China)Brazil, Korea, etc.

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SCIC in 2003-2004http//cern.ch/icfa-scic
  • Strong Focus on the Digital Divide Continues
  • Progress in Monitoring
  • Intensive Work in the Field Presentations
    Demos at gt 60 Meetings and Workshops
  • E.g., Internet2, TERENA, AMPATH, APAN, CHEP2003,
    SC2003, Trieste, Telecom World 2003, SC2003,
    WSIS/RSIS, GLORIAD Launch, Digital Divide and
    HEPGrid Workshop (Feb. 16-20 in Rio), GNEW2004,
    GridNets2004, NASA ONT Workshop, etc. etc.
  • 3rd Intl Grid Workshop in Daegu (August 26-28,
    2004) Plan for 2nd ICFA Digital Divide and
    Grid Workshop in Daegu (May 2005)
  • HENP increasingly visible to governments heads
    of state
  • Through Network advances (records), Grid
    developments, Work on the Digital Divide and
    issues of Global Collaboration
  • Also through the World Summit on the Information
    Society Process. Next Step is WSIS II in TUNIS
    November 2005
  • A Striking Picture Continues to Emerge
    Remarkable Progress in Some Regions, and a
    Deepening Digital Divide Among Nations

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SCIC Main Conclusion for 2003Setting the Tone
for 2004
  • The disparity among regions in HENP could
    increase even more sharply, as we learn to use
    advanced networks effectively, and we develop
    dynamic Grid systems in the most favored
    regions
  • We must therefore take action, and work to
    Close the Digital Divide
  • To make Physicists from All World Regions Full
    Partners in Their Experiments and in the
    Process of Discovery
  • This is essential for the health of our global
    experimental collaborations, our plans for future
    projects, and our field.

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ICFA Report Networks for HENPGeneral
Conclusions (2)
  • Reliable high End-to-end Performance of networked
    applications such as large file transfers and
    Data Grids is required. Achieving this requires
  • End-to-end monitoring extending to all regions
    serving our community. A coherent approach to
    monitoring that allows physicists throughout our
    community to extract clear, unambiguous and
    inclusive information is a prerequisite for
    this.
  • Upgrading campus infrastructures. These are
    still not designed to support Gbps data transfers
    in most of HEP centers. One reason for the
    under-utilization of National and International
    backbones, is the lack of bandwidth to groups of
    end-users inside the campus.
  • Removing local, last mile, and natl and intl
    bottlenecks end-to-end, whether technical or
    political in origin.While National and
    International backbones have reached 2.5 to 10
    Gbps speeds in many countries, the bandwidths
    across borders, the countrysideor the city may
    be much less. This problem is very widespread in
    our community, with examples stretching from
    China to South America to the Northeastern U.S.
    Root causes for this vary, from lack of local
    infrastructure to unfavorable pricing policies.

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ICFA Report (2/2004) Update Main Trends
Continue, Some Accelerate
  • Current generation of 2.5-10 Gbps network
    backbones and major Intl links arrived in the
    last 2-3 Years USEuropeJapan Now Korea and
    China
  • Capability 4 to Hundreds of Times Much Faster
    than Moores Law
  • Proliferation of 10G links across the Atlantic
    Now Will Begin use of Multiple 10G Links (e.g.
    US-CERN) Along Major Paths by Fall 2005
  • Direct result of Falling Network Prices 0.5
    1M Per Year for 10G
  • Ability to fully use long 10G paths with TCP
    continues to advance 7.5 Gbps X 16kkm (August
    2004)
  • Technological progress driving equipment costs in
    end-systems lower
  • Commoditization of Gbit Ethernet (GbE)
    complete (20-50 per port) 10 GbE
    commoditization (e.g. lt 2K per NIC with TOE)
    underway
  • Grid-based Analysis demands end-to-end high
    performance management
  • Some regions (US, Europe) moving to owned or
    leased dark fiber
  • Emergence of the Hybrid Network Model
    GNEW2004 UltraLight, GLIF
  • The rapid rate of progress is confined mostly to
    the US, Europe, Japan and Korea, as well as the
    major Transatlantic routes this threatens to
    cause the Digital Divide to become a Chasm

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We are Following the HENP Bandwidth Roadmap for
Major Links (in Gbps)
Continuing Trend 1000 Times Bandwidth Growth
Per DecadeKeeping Pace with Network BW Usage
(ESNet, SURFNet etc.)
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Evolving Quantitative Science Requirements for
Networks (DOE High Perf. Network Workshop)
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Internet 2 Land Speed Record (LSR)
  • Entries judged on product oftransfer speed and
    distance end-to-end, using standard Internet
    (TCP/IP) protocols.
  • IPv6 record 4.0 Gbps between Geneva and Phoenix
    (SC2003)
  • IPv4 Multi-stream record with Windows 6.62 Gbps
    between Caltech and CERN (16 kkm Grand Tour
    dAbilene) June 2004
  • We have exceeded 100 Petabit-m/sec with both
    Linux Windows
  • Single Stream 7.5 Gbps X 16 kkm with Linux
    Achieved in July
  • Concentrate now on reliable Terabyte-scale file
    transfers
  • Note System Issues CPU, PCI-XBus, NIC, I/O
    Controllers, Drivers

LSR History IPv4 single stream
Petabitmeter (1015 bitmeter)
Monitoring of the Abilene traffic in LA
June 2004 Record Network
http//www.guinnessworldrecords.com/
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National Lambda Rail (NLR)
Transition beginning now to optical,
multi-wavelength Community owned or leased dark
fiber networks for RE
  • NLR
  • Coming Up Now
  • Initially 4 10G Wavelengths
  • Northern Route Operation by 4Q04
  • Internet2 HOPI Initiative (w/HEP)
  • To 40 10G Waves in Future
  • nl, de, pl, cz,jp
  • 18 US States

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JGN2 Japan Gigabit Network (4/04 3/08)20 Gbps
Backbone, 6 Optical Cross-Connects
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ICFA/SCIC Network Monitoring
  • Prepared by Les Cottrell, SLAC, for
  • ICFA
  • www.slac.stanford.edu/grp/scs/net/talk03/icfa-aug0
    4.ppt

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Coverage
  • Now monitoring 650 sites in 115 countries
  • In last 9 months added
  • Several sites in Russia (thanks GLORIAD)
  • Many hosts in Africa (5 ? 36 now in 27 out of 54
    countries)
  • Monitoring sites in Pakistan and Brazil (Sao
    Paolo and Rio)
  • Working to install monitoring host in Bangalore,
    India

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PingER World View from SLAC
C. Asia, Russia, SE Europe, L. America, M. East,
China 4-5 yrs behind India, Africa 7 yrs
behind
S.E. Europe, Russia Catching up Latin Am., Mid
East, China Keeping up India, Africa Falling
Behind
Important for policy makers
View from CERNConfirms This View
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Achieving throughput
  • User cant achieve throughput available (Wizard
    gap)
  • TCP Stack, End-System and/or Local, Regional,
    Natl Network Issues
  • Big step just to know what is achievable(e.g.
    7.5 Gbps over 16 kkm Caltech-CERN)

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Collaborations/funding
  • Good news
  • Active collaboration with NIIT Pakistan to
    develop network monitoring including PingER
  • Travel funded by US State department for 1 year
  • FNAL SLAC continue support for PingER
    management and coordination
  • Bad news
  • DoE funding for PingER terminated
  • Proposal to EC 6th framework with ICTP, ICT
    Cambridge UK, CONAE Argentina, Usikov Inst
    Ukraine, STAC Vietnam VUB Belgium rejected
  • Proposal to IDRC/Canada February, no word
  • Hard to get funding for operational needs
  • For quality data need constant vigilance (host
    disappears, security blocks pings, need to update
    remote host lists )

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Asia Pacific Academic Network Connectivity
APAN Status July 2004
Connectivity to US from JP, KO, AU is Advancing
Rapidly.Progress in the Region, and to Europe
is Much Slower
Better North/South Linkages within Asia JP-SG
link 155Mbps in 2005 is proposed to NSF by
CIREN JP- TH link 2Mbps ? 45Mbps in 2004 is
being studied. CIREN is studying an extension to
India
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Trans-Eurasia Information NetworkTEIN (2004-2007)
  • Circuit between KOREN(Korea) and RENATER(France).
  • AP Beneficiaries China, Indonesia, Malaysia,
    Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam
  • (Non-beneficiaries Brunei, Japan, Korea,
    Singapore
  • EU partners NRENs of France, Netherlands, UK
  • The scope expanded to South-East Asia and China
    recently.
  • Upgraded to 34 Mbps in 11/2003. Upgrade to
    155Mbps planned
  • 12M Euro EU Funds
  • Coordinating Partner DANTE
  • Direct EU-AP Link Other Links go Across the US

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APAN Recommendations(at July 2004 Meeting in
CAIRNS, Au)
  • New issues demand attention
  • Application measurement, particularly end-to-end
    network performance measurement is increasingly
    critical (deterministic networking)
  • Security must now be a consideration for every
    application and every network.
  • Central Issues for APAN this decade
  • Stronger linkages between applications and
    infrastructure - neither can exist independently
  • Stronger application and infrastructure linkages
    among APAN members.
  • Continuing focus on APAN as an organization that
    represents infrastructure interests in Asia
  • Closer connection between APAN the infrastructure
    applications organization and regional
    political organizations (e.g. APEC, ASEAN)

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Internet in China (J.P.Wu APAN July 2004)
  • Internet users in China from 6.8 Million to 78
    Million within 6 months
  • IP Addresses 32M(1A233B146C)
  • Backbone2.5-10G DWDMRouter
  • International links20G
  • Exchange Pointsgt 30G(BJ,SH,GZ)
  • Last Miles
  • Ethernet,WLAN,ADSL,CTV,CDMA,ISDN,GPRS,Dial-up
  • Need IPv6

 
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APAN China Consortium
  • Has been established in 1999.  The China
    Education and Research Network (CERNET), the
    Natural Science Foundation of China Network
    (NSFCNET) and the China Science and Technology
    Network (CSTNET) are the main three advanced
    networks.

CERNet
NSFCnet
2.5 Gbps
Tsinghua --- Tsinghua University PKU --- Peking
University NSFC --- Natural Science Foundation of
China CAS --- China Academy of Sciences BUPT ---
Beijing Univ. of Posts and Telecom. BUAA ---
Beijing Univ. of Aero- and Astronautics
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China CERNET Update
  • 1995, 64K Nation wide backbone connecting 8
    cities, 100 Universities
  • 1998, 2M Nation wide backbone connecting 20
    cities, 300 Universities
  • 2000, Own dark fiber crossing 30 major cities
    and 30,000 kilometers
  • 2001, CERNET DWDM/SDH network finished
  • 2001, 2.5G/155M Backbone connecting 36 cities,
    800 universities
  • 2003,1300 universities and institutes, over 15
    million users

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CERNET2 and Key Technologies
  • CERNET 2 Next Generation Education and Research
    Network in China
  • CERNET 2 Backbone connecting 15-20 GigaPOPs at
    2.5G-10Gbps (I2-like Model)
  • Connecting 200 Universities and 100 Research
    Institutes at 1Gbps-10Gbps
  • Native IPv6 and Lambda Networking
  • Support/Deployment of the following technologies
  • E2E performance monitoring
  • Middleware and Advanced Applications
  • Multicast

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APAN-KR KREONET/KREONet2 II
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GLORIAD Global Optical Ring (US-Ru-Cn Korea
Now Full Partner )

DOE ITER Distributed Ops.Fusion-HEP
Cooperation NSF Collaboration of ThreeMajor RE
Communities
  • Aug. 8 2004 P.K. Young, Korean IST Advisor to
    President Announces
  • Korea Joining GLORIAD
  • TEIN gradually to 10G, connected to GLORIAD
  • Asia Pacific Info. Infra- Structure (1G) will
    be backup net to GLORIAD

Also Important for Intra-Russia
ConnectivityEducation and Outreach
30

Global Ring Network for Advanced Applications
Development
  • Outgrowth of 6-year US-Russia NaukaNet program
  • OC3 circuits Moscow-Chicago-Beijing since January
    2004
  • OC3 circuit Moscow-Beijing July 2004 (completes
    the ring) IP traffic August
  • Korea (KISTI) joining US, Russia, China as full
    partner in GLORIAD
  • Plans developing for Central Asian extension
    (w/Kyrgyz Government)
  • Rapid traffic growth with heaviest US use from
    DOE (FermiLab), NASA, NOAA, NIH and Universities
    (UMD, IU, UCB, UNC, UMN, PSU, Harvard, Stanford,
    Wash., Oregon, 250 others)

gt 5TBytes now transferred monthly via GLORIAD to
US, Russia, China
GLORIAD 5-year Proposal Pending (with US NSF) for
expansion 2.5G Moscow-Amsterdam-Chicago-Seattle-
Hong Kong-Pusan-Beijing circuits early 2005 10G
ring around northern hemisphere 2007 multiple
wavelength service 2009 providing hybrid
circuit-switched (primarily Ethernet) and routed
services
31
Research Networking in Latin America August 2004
  • The only Countries with research network
    connectivity now in Latin America
  • Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Venezuela
  • AmPath Provided connectivity for some South
    American countries Three Year Global Crossing
    Donation New CLARA
  • Regional Network Connecting 19 Countries

Argentina Dominican Republic Panama
Brasil Ecuador
ParaguayBolivia El Salvador
PeruChile Guatemala
UruguayColombia Honduras
VenezuelaCosta Rica Mexico
NicaraguaCuba

32
Latin America CLARA Network (2004-2006 EU
Project)
  • Significant contribution from European Comission
    and Dante through ALICE project
  • NRENs in 18 LA countries forming a regional
    network for collaboration traffic
  • Initial backbone ring bandwidth f 155 Mbps
  • Spur links at 10 to 45 Mbps (Cuba at 4 Mbps by
    satellite)
  • Initial connection to Europe at 622 Mbps from
    Brazil
  • Tijuana (Mexico) PoP soon to be connected to US
    through dark fibre link (CUDI-CENIC)
  • access to US, Canada and Asia - Pacific Rim

33
NSF IRNC 2004 Two Proposals to Connect CLARA to
the US (and Europe)
1st Proposal FIU and CENIC
2nd Proposal Indiana and Internet2
Note CHEPREO (FIU, UF, FSU Caltech, UERJ, USP,
RNP) 622 Mbps Sao Paolo Miami Link Started in
August
34
GIGA Project Experimental Gbps Network Sites in
Rio and Sao Paolo
UniversitiesIMEPUC-RioUERJUFFUFRJUnespUnica
mpUSPRD CentresCBPF - physicsCPqD -
telecomCPTEC - meteorologyCTA -
aerospaceFiocruz - healthIMPA -
mathematicsINPE - space sciencesLNCC -
HPCLNLS - physics
About 600 km extension - not to scale
LNCC
CTAINPE
CPqDLNLSUnicamp
CPTEC
UFF
CBPFLNCCFiocruzIMEIMPA-RNPPUC-Rio
telcosUERJUFRJ
FapesptelcosUnespUSP IncorUSP - C.Univ.
Slide from M. Stanton
35
Extension of the GIGA Project Using 3000 km of
dark fiber. A good and real Advancement for
Science in Brazil A. Santoro.
GIGA Project in Rio and Sao Paolo
This is wonderful NEWS! our colleagues from
Salvador -Bahia will can start to work with us on
CMS.
36
HEPGRID (CMS) in Brazil
  • HEPGRID-CMS/BRAZIL is a project to build a Grid
    that
  • At Regional Level will include CBPF,UFRJ,UFRGS,UFB
    A, UERJ UNESP
  • At International Level will be integrated with
    CMS Grid based at CERN focal points include
    iVGDL/Grid3 and bilateral projects with Caltech
    Group

Brazilian HEPGRID
On line systems
T0 T1
2.5 - 10 Gbps
CERN
T1
UNESP/USP SPRACE-Working
T2 ?T1
UERJ Regional Tier2 Ctr
Gigabit
T3 ?T2
UFRGS
CBPF
UERJ T2?T1,100?500 Nodes Plus T2s to 100
Nodes
UERJ
UFRJ
UFBA
Individual Machines
T4
37
Latin America Science Areas Interested in
Improving Connectivity ( by Country)
Networks and Grids The Potential to Spark a New
Era of Science in the Region
38
AFRICA Key Trends
M. Jensen and P. Hamilton Infrastructure Report,
March 2004
  • Growth in traffic and lack of infrastructure
    ?Predominance of SatelliteBut these satellites
    are heavily subscribed
  • Slow roll out of downstream bandwidth limiting
    markets No regional fiber in East, Central or
    Interior regions.
  • 52M Mobile phone subscribers by end 2003 gt 2X
    fixed line phone customers
  • Intl Traffic Only 1 of traffic on links is
    for Internet connectionsMost Internet traffic
    (for 80 of countries) via satellite
  • Flourishing Grey market for Internet VOIP
    traffic using VSAT dishes
  • Many Regional fiber projects in planning phase
    (some languished in the past) Only links from
    South Africa to Nimibia, Botswana done so far
  • Intl fiber Project SAT-3/WASC/SAFE Cable from
    South Africa to PortugalAlong West Coast of
    Africa
  • Supplied by Alcatel to Worldwide Consortium of 35
    Carriers
  • 40 Gbps by Mid-2003 Heavily Subscribed. Ultimate
    Capacity 120 Gbps
  • Extension to Interior Mostly by Satellite lt 1
    Mbps to 100 Mbps typical

Note World Conference on Physics and Sustainable
Development, 10/31 11/2/05 in Durban South
Africa Part of World Year of Physics 2005.
Sponsors UNESCO, ICTP, IUPAP, APS, SAIP
39
AFRICA Nectar Net Initiative
  • Growing Need to connect academic researchers,
    medicalresearchers practitioners to many sites
    in Africa
  • Examples
  • CDC NIH Global AIDS Project, Dept. of
    Parasitic Diseases,Natl Library of Medicine
    (Ghana, Nigeria)
  • Gates 50M HIV/AIDS Center in Botswana Project
    Coord at Harvard
  • Africa Monsoon AMMA Project, Dakar Site cf. East
    US Hurricanes
  • US Geological Survey Global Spatial Data
    Infrastructure
  • Distance Learning Emory-Ibadan (Nigeria)
    Research Channel Content
  • But Africa is Hard 11M Sq. Miles, 600 M People,
    54 Countries
  • Little Telecommunications Infrastructure
  • Approach Use SAT-3/WASC Cable (to Portugal),
    GEANT Across Europe, Amsterdam-NY Link Across
    the Atlantic, then Peer with RE Networks such
    as Abilene in NYC
  • Cable Landings in 8 West African Countries and
    South Africa
  • Pragmatic approach to reach end points VSAT
    satellite, ADSL, microwave, etc.

W. MatthewsGeorgia Tech
40
Sample Bandwidth Costs for African Universities
Bandwidth prices in Africa vary dramatically are
in general many times what they could be if
universities purchase in volume
Sample size of 26 universitiesAverage Cost for
VSAT service Quality, CIR, Rx, Tx not
distinguished
Roy Steiner Internet2 Workshop
41
HEPGRID and Digital Divide Workshop UERJ, Rio de
Janeiro, Feb. 16-20 2004
Theme Global Collaborations, Grids and Their
Relationship to the Digital Divide ICFA,
understanding the vital role of these issues for
our fields future, commissioned the Standing
Committee on Inter-regional Connectivity (SCIC)
in 1998, to survey and monitor the state of the
networks used by our field, and identify
problems. For the past three years the SCIC has
focused on understanding and seeking the means of
reducing or eliminating the Digital Divide, and
proposed to ICFA that these issues, as they
affect our field of High Energy Physics, be
brought to our community for discussion. This led
to ICFAs approval, in July 2003, of the Digital
Divide and HEP Grid Workshop.  More
Information http//www.lishep.uerj.br
NEWS Bulletin ONE TWOWELCOME BULLETIN
General InformationRegistrationTravel
Information Hotel Registration Participant List
How to Get UERJ/Hotel Computer Accounts Useful
Phone Numbers Program Contact us Secretariat
Chairmen
  • Tutorials
  • C
  • Grid Technologies
  • Grid-Enabled Analysis
  • Networks
  • Collaborative Systems

Sessions Tutorials Available(w/Video) on the
Web
SPONSORS
 CLAF  CNPQ FAPERJ       
UERJ
42
HEPGRID and Digital Divide Workshop UERJ, Rio
Feb. 16-20 2004 Summary
See http//www.lishep.uerj.br/WorkshopSchedule.htm
l
  • Worldviews of Networks and Grid Projects and the
    Relationship to the Digital Divide Newman,
    Santoro, Gagliardi, Avery, Cottrell
  • View from Major Experiments and Labs (D0, ATLAS,
    CMS, LHCb, ALICE Fermilab) Blazey, Jones, Foa,
    Nakada, Carminati
  • Progress in Acad. Research Networks in Europe,
    Asia Pacific, Latin America Williams, Tapus,
    Karita, Son, Ibarra
  • Major Network Initatives I2, GLIF, NLR, Aarnet,
    CLARA Preston, de Laat, Silvester, McLaughlin,
    Stanton, Olson
  • View from/for Developing Countries Willers,
    Ali, Davalos, De Paula, Canessa, Sciutto,
    Alvarez
  • Grids and Digital Divide in Russia Ilyin,
    Soldatov
  • Other Fields ITER (Fusion), MammoGrid
    Velikhov, Amendolia
  • Round Tables Network Readiness, Digital Divide
    in Latin America
  • Special Talks on HEP in Brazil Lederman, and
    Review of the CERN Role of Science in the
    Information Society Event Hoffmann
  • Participation of Latin American NRENs, and Govt
    Officials
  • 152 Participants, 18 Countries BR 107, US 18, CH
    8, AG 3, FR 3,

43
Findings and Recommendations D.O. Williams (at
LISHEP2004) on the Digital Divide in Europe
  • The Digital Divide
    Exists
  • The depth of the digital divide varies very
    greatly from country to country
  • There are four countries in Eastern Europe with a
    high overall standard of research networking.
    Reasons include
  • Good support for research networking at govtal
    level
  • Access to dark fibre where/when necessary
  • History of participation in joint European
    projects
  • The majority of countries fall very far behind
    those in western Europe
  • The consequences of this digital divide are
    serious
  • Those countries without an adequate research
    network will suffer from research exclusion

44
Findings and Recommendations on the Digital
Divide in Europe (Williams)
  • Access to Dark Fibre is Vital
  • Access to dark fibre enables the NRENs in small
    eastern European countries to upgrade the
    capacity of the backbone and access links one
    hundred-fold without spending much more on the
    infrastructure
  • At the present moment this is the main step which
    could be taken to close the digital divide.
  • In most eastern European countries the fibre is
    already laid.
  • In countries with a liberalized telecommunication
    market it is not difficult to get the fibre.
  • There are encouraging examples that this was also
    done in the countries with monopoly in
    telecommunications
  • Could the EC make recommendations in this respect
    ?

45
Some Personal Comments on the Digital
Divide(D.O. Williams, LISHEP2004)
  • I think that the digital divide issue is actually
    very important for the future stability of the
    world
  • I think that it will be very difficult to fix
  • Some of it is finding the right technologies for
    different areas
  • But a lot is about the structure of society
  • Reliable electrical power
  • Government transparency
  • Support for education and scientific research
  • and while the developed countries can give
    advice and try to help, the real directions
    can only be determined in the developing world
  • You need to understand that removing the digital
    divide is shooting at a moving target. Internet
    use has only just started and technological
    progress will move the goalposts (raise the bar)
    a lot in the next 2-3-5 years.

46
International ICFA Workshop on HEP Networking,
Grids and Digital Divide Issues for Global
e-Science
  • Proposed Workshop Dates May 23-27, 2005
  • Venue Daegu, Korea
  • Dongchul Son
  • Center for High Energy Physics
  • Kyungpook National University
  • ICFA, Beijing, China
  • Aug. 2004

ICFA Approval Requested Today
47
International ICFA Workshop on HEP Networking,
Grids and Digital Divide Issues for Global
e-Science
  • Themes
  • Networking, Grids, and Their Relationship to the
    Digital Divide for HEP as Global e-Science
  • Focus on Key Issues of Inter-regional
    Connectivity
  • Mission Statement
  • ICFA, understanding the vital role of these
    issues for our fields future, commissioned the
    Standing Committee on Inter-regional Connectivity
    (SCIC) in 1998, to survey and monitor the state
    of the networks used by our field, and identify
    problems. For the past three years the SCIC has
    focused on understanding and seeking the means of
    reducing or eliminating the Digital Divide, and
    proposed to ICFA that these issues, as they
    affect our field of High Energy Physics, be
    brought to our community for discussion. This
    workshop, the second in the series begun with the
    the 2004 Digital Divide and HEP Grid Workshop in
    Rio de Janeiro (approved by ICFA in July 2003)
    will carry forward this work while strengthening
    the involvement of scientists, technologists and
    governments in the Asia Pacific region.

48
International ICFA Workshop on HEP Networking,
Grids and Digital Divide Issues for Global
e-Science
  • Workshop Goals
  • Review the current status, progress and barriers
    to the effective use of the major national,
    continental and transoceanic networks used by HEP
  • Review progress, strengthen opportunities for
    collaboration, and explore the means to deal with
    key issues in Grid computing and Grid-enabled
    data analysis, for high energy physics and other
    fields of data intensive science, now and in the
    future
  • Exchange information and ideas, and formulate
    plans to develop solutions to specific problems
    related to the Digital Divide in various
    regions, with a focus on Asia Pacific, Latin
    America, Russia and Africa
  • Continue to advance a broad program of work on
    reducing or eliminating the Digital Divide, and
    ensuring global collaboration, as related to all
    of the above aspects.

49
Sketch of an Agenda
  • Status of HEP Grids (One day)
  • LHC(CMS, ATLAS, ALICE, LHCb), CDF/D0,
    Belle/BaBar, PHENIX, etc.
  • International Projects iVDGL, GriPhyN, PPDG,
    EDG, EGEE, etc.
  • Digital Divide Perspectives from Major
    experiments (One day)
  • LHC/Tevatron Exps/B-Factories/RHIC
  • Other areas such as ITER, Weather, Earthquake,
    Bioinformatics, etc.
  • Network perspectives from each region (One-half
    to One Day)
  • National (or regional) representatives from Asia
    Pacific and also key countries (e.g. Brazil) from
    other regions Korea, Japan, China, Australia,
    other parts in AP / Russia / Brazil, Mexico,
    other parts in Latin America / South Africa and
    other parts in Africa / Europe / N.America etc.
  • Grid Enabled Analysis for LHC (One-half to One
    Day)
  • Status of GEA and some perspectives of Grids
  • Applications of Data Grids and Implications for
    Future society (Half Day, on the last day)
  • Ubiquitous Computing (special topic)
  • Discussion Panels (1 hour 2nd and 3rd Days 2
    hours on last day)
  • All Sessions Tutorials Carried Live Via VRVS
    Also Playback

50
Schedule Outline Logistics
  • Some Dates
  • Workshop May 23-27, 2005
  • LOC/International Advisory Committee September,
    2004
  • Fixing the agenda September 25, 2004 (8 months
    ahead)
  • Sending out letters of invitation November 20,
    2004 (6 months ahead)
  • Logistics
  • Number of people expected 250 (130 from Korea
    120 from abroad) not counting many graduate
    students from Korea
  • Number of invited speakers, panelists 60
    (Includes 10 from Korea)
  • Venue Kyungpook National University or Hotel
    Inter-burgo or EXCO
  • Kyungpook National University is most preferred.
  • Hotels Inter-burgo/Daegu Park others within
    30
  • Inter-Burgo (5 Star, 207 rooms, 120) and
    Daegu Park (4 Star, 135 rooms, 100) at same
    site
  • Special events, Highlights or Items of special
    note
  • Tour and Sightseeing (Historic Gyeongju Area)
  • Special Performance (Korean Traditional Folksongs
    and Dances)
  • Banquet/Reception
  • ICFA-SCIC Meeting
  • Several people from Korean Governments will be
    invited
  • Advanced Network communities from several regions
    will be invited to participate

51
Outcomes, Support/Sponsors, Side Meeting Option
  • Expected Outcomes
  • Infrastructure buildup in needy areas
  • Advance Grid or Network initiatives.
  • New or strengthened collaborations in Grid
    Enabled Analysis
  • Support and Sponsors
  • Some support to help needy students attend will
    be provided
  • Sponsors
  • Center for High Energy Physics/KOSEF
  • Kyungpook National University
  • Ministry of Science and Technology
  • Korea Information and Strategy Development
    Institute (KISDI)
  • Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Information (KISTI)
  • National Computerization Agency (NCA), Advanced
    Network Forum (ANF), etc.
  • Options
  • Meetings of Advanced Network Forum or Grid
    Forum-Korea would run side by side as parallel
    sessions (to be discussed with the ANF, Grid
    Forum-Korea)
  • In this case, we would need the EXCO for the
    venue and there will be tutorials but otherwise
    there is no plan for tutorials
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Title: ICFA Standing Committee on Interregional Connectivity SCIC


1
  • ICFA Standing Committee on
    Interregional Connectivity (SCIC)

Harvey B. Newman California Institute of
TechnologyICFA Meeting, BeijingAugust 20, 2004
2
ICFA Standing Committee on Interregional
Connectivity (SCIC)
  • Created by ICFA in July 1998 in Vancouver
    Following ICFA-NTF
  • CHARGE
  • Make recommendations to ICFA concerning the
    connectivity between the Americas, Asia and
    Europe (and network requirements of HENP)
  • As part of the process of developing
    theserecommendations, the committee should
  • Monitor traffic on world networks
  • Keep track of technology developments
  • Periodically review forecasts of future
    bandwidth needs, and
  • Provide early warning of potential problems
  • Create subcommittees as needed to meet the charge
  • Representatives Major labs, ECFA, ACFA, N. and
    S. American Users
  • The chair of the committee reports to ICFA once
    peryear, at its joint meeting with laboratory
    directors (Today)

3
SCIC in 2003-4A Period of Intensive Activity
  • http//cern.ch/ICFA-SCIC/
  • Monitoring Les Cottrell (http//www.slac.stanfor
    d.edu/xorg/icfa/scic-netmon) With Richard
    Hughes-Jones (Manchester), Sergio Novaes (Sao
    Paolo) Sergei Berezhnev (RUHEP), Fukuko Yuasa
    (KEK), Daniel Davids (CERN), Sylvain Ravot
    (Caltech), Shawn McKee (Michigan)
  • Advanced Technologies Richard Hughes-Jones,With
    Olivier Martin(CERN), Vladimir Korenkov (JINR,
    Dubna), Harvey Newman
  • The Digital Divide Alberto Santoro (UERJ,
    Brazil)
  • With V. Ilyin (MSU), Y. Karita(KEK), D.O.
    Williams (CERN),D. Son (Korea), H. Hoorani, S.
    Zaidi (Pakistan), S. Banerjee (India), V. White
    (FNAL), J. Ibarra, Heidi Alvarez (AMPATH)
  • Key Requirements Harvey Newman et al.

4
SCIC in 2003-2004 http//cern.ch/icfa-scic
  • Three 2004 Reports Presented to ICFA in
    February
  • Main Report Networking for HENP H. Newman
    et al.
  • Includes Brief Updates on Monitoring, the Digital
    Divide and Advanced Technologies
  • A World Network Overview (with 27 Appendices)
    Status and Plans for the Next Few Years of
    National Regional Networks, and Optical Network
    Initiatives
  • Monitoring Working Group Report L.
    Cottrell
  • Digital Divide in Russia V. Ilyin
    August 2004 Update Reports at the SCIC Web Site
  • See http//icfa-scic.web.cern.ch/ICFA-SCIC/docum
    ents.htm
  • Asia Pacific, Latin America, GLORIAD
    (US-Ru-Ko-China)Brazil, Korea, etc.

5
SCIC in 2003-2004http//cern.ch/icfa-scic
  • Strong Focus on the Digital Divide Continues
  • Progress in Monitoring
  • Intensive Work in the Field Presentations
    Demos at gt 60 Meetings and Workshops
  • E.g., Internet2, TERENA, AMPATH, APAN, CHEP2003,
    SC2003, Trieste, Telecom World 2003, SC2003,
    WSIS/RSIS, GLORIAD Launch, Digital Divide and
    HEPGrid Workshop (Feb. 16-20 in Rio), GNEW2004,
    GridNets2004, NASA ONT Workshop, etc. etc.
  • 3rd Intl Grid Workshop in Daegu (August 26-28,
    2004) Plan for 2nd ICFA Digital Divide and
    Grid Workshop in Daegu (May 2005)
  • HENP increasingly visible to governments heads
    of state
  • Through Network advances (records), Grid
    developments, Work on the Digital Divide and
    issues of Global Collaboration
  • Also through the World Summit on the Information
    Society Process. Next Step is WSIS II in TUNIS
    November 2005
  • A Striking Picture Continues to Emerge
    Remarkable Progress in Some Regions, and a
    Deepening Digital Divide Among Nations

6
SCIC Main Conclusion for 2003Setting the Tone
for 2004
  • The disparity among regions in HENP could
    increase even more sharply, as we learn to use
    advanced networks effectively, and we develop
    dynamic Grid systems in the most favored
    regions
  • We must therefore take action, and work to
    Close the Digital Divide
  • To make Physicists from All World Regions Full
    Partners in Their Experiments and in the
    Process of Discovery
  • This is essential for the health of our global
    experimental collaborations, our plans for future
    projects, and our field.

7
ICFA Report Networks for HENPGeneral
Conclusions (2)
  • Reliable high End-to-end Performance of networked
    applications such as large file transfers and
    Data Grids is required. Achieving this requires
  • End-to-end monitoring extending to all regions
    serving our community. A coherent approach to
    monitoring that allows physicists throughout our
    community to extract clear, unambiguous and
    inclusive information is a prerequisite for
    this.
  • Upgrading campus infrastructures. These are
    still not designed to support Gbps data transfers
    in most of HEP centers. One reason for the
    under-utilization of National and International
    backbones, is the lack of bandwidth to groups of
    end-users inside the campus.
  • Removing local, last mile, and natl and intl
    bottlenecks end-to-end, whether technical or
    political in origin.While National and
    International backbones have reached 2.5 to 10
    Gbps speeds in many countries, the bandwidths
    across borders, the countrysideor the city may
    be much less. This problem is very widespread in
    our community, with examples stretching from
    China to South America to the Northeastern U.S.
    Root causes for this vary, from lack of local
    infrastructure to unfavorable pricing policies.

8
ICFA Report (2/2004) Update Main Trends
Continue, Some Accelerate
  • Current generation of 2.5-10 Gbps network
    backbones and major Intl links arrived in the
    last 2-3 Years USEuropeJapan Now Korea and
    China
  • Capability 4 to Hundreds of Times Much Faster
    than Moores Law
  • Proliferation of 10G links across the Atlantic
    Now Will Begin use of Multiple 10G Links (e.g.
    US-CERN) Along Major Paths by Fall 2005
  • Direct result of Falling Network Prices 0.5
    1M Per Year for 10G
  • Ability to fully use long 10G paths with TCP
    continues to advance 7.5 Gbps X 16kkm (August
    2004)
  • Technological progress driving equipment costs in
    end-systems lower
  • Commoditization of Gbit Ethernet (GbE)
    complete (20-50 per port) 10 GbE
    commoditization (e.g. lt 2K per NIC with TOE)
    underway
  • Grid-based Analysis demands end-to-end high
    performance management
  • Some regions (US, Europe) moving to owned or
    leased dark fiber
  • Emergence of the Hybrid Network Model
    GNEW2004 UltraLight, GLIF
  • The rapid rate of progress is confined mostly to
    the US, Europe, Japan and Korea, as well as the
    major Transatlantic routes this threatens to
    cause the Digital Divide to become a Chasm

9
We are Following the HENP Bandwidth Roadmap for
Major Links (in Gbps)
Continuing Trend 1000 Times Bandwidth Growth
Per DecadeKeeping Pace with Network BW Usage
(ESNet, SURFNet etc.)
10
Evolving Quantitative Science Requirements for
Networks (DOE High Perf. Network Workshop)
11
Internet 2 Land Speed Record (LSR)
  • Entries judged on product oftransfer speed and
    distance end-to-end, using standard Internet
    (TCP/IP) protocols.
  • IPv6 record 4.0 Gbps between Geneva and Phoenix
    (SC2003)
  • IPv4 Multi-stream record with Windows 6.62 Gbps
    between Caltech and CERN (16 kkm Grand Tour
    dAbilene) June 2004
  • We have exceeded 100 Petabit-m/sec with both
    Linux Windows
  • Single Stream 7.5 Gbps X 16 kkm with Linux
    Achieved in July
  • Concentrate now on reliable Terabyte-scale file
    transfers
  • Note System Issues CPU, PCI-XBus, NIC, I/O
    Controllers, Drivers

LSR History IPv4 single stream
Petabitmeter (1015 bitmeter)
Monitoring of the Abilene traffic in LA
June 2004 Record Network
http//www.guinnessworldrecords.com/
12
National Lambda Rail (NLR)
Transition beginning now to optical,
multi-wavelength Community owned or leased dark
fiber networks for RE
  • NLR
  • Coming Up Now
  • Initially 4 10G Wavelengths
  • Northern Route Operation by 4Q04
  • Internet2 HOPI Initiative (w/HEP)
  • To 40 10G Waves in Future
  • nl, de, pl, cz,jp
  • 18 US States

13
JGN2 Japan Gigabit Network (4/04 3/08)20 Gbps
Backbone, 6 Optical Cross-Connects
14
ICFA/SCIC Network Monitoring
  • Prepared by Les Cottrell, SLAC, for
  • ICFA
  • www.slac.stanford.edu/grp/scs/net/talk03/icfa-aug0
    4.ppt

15
Coverage
  • Now monitoring 650 sites in 115 countries
  • In last 9 months added
  • Several sites in Russia (thanks GLORIAD)
  • Many hosts in Africa (5 ? 36 now in 27 out of 54
    countries)
  • Monitoring sites in Pakistan and Brazil (Sao
    Paolo and Rio)
  • Working to install monitoring host in Bangalore,
    India

16
PingER World View from SLAC
C. Asia, Russia, SE Europe, L. America, M. East,
China 4-5 yrs behind India, Africa 7 yrs
behind
S.E. Europe, Russia Catching up Latin Am., Mid
East, China Keeping up India, Africa Falling
Behind
Important for policy makers
View from CERNConfirms This View
17
Achieving throughput
  • User cant achieve throughput available (Wizard
    gap)
  • TCP Stack, End-System and/or Local, Regional,
    Natl Network Issues
  • Big step just to know what is achievable(e.g.
    7.5 Gbps over 16 kkm Caltech-CERN)

18
Collaborations/funding
  • Good news
  • Active collaboration with NIIT Pakistan to
    develop network monitoring including PingER
  • Travel funded by US State department for 1 year
  • FNAL SLAC continue support for PingER
    management and coordination
  • Bad news
  • DoE funding for PingER terminated
  • Proposal to EC 6th framework with ICTP, ICT
    Cambridge UK, CONAE Argentina, Usikov Inst
    Ukraine, STAC Vietnam VUB Belgium rejected
  • Proposal to IDRC/Canada February, no word
  • Hard to get funding for operational needs
  • For quality data need constant vigilance (host
    disappears, security blocks pings, need to update
    remote host lists )

19
Asia Pacific Academic Network Connectivity
APAN Status July 2004
Connectivity to US from JP, KO, AU is Advancing
Rapidly.Progress in the Region, and to Europe
is Much Slower
Better North/South Linkages within Asia JP-SG
link 155Mbps in 2005 is proposed to NSF by
CIREN JP- TH link 2Mbps ? 45Mbps in 2004 is
being studied. CIREN is studying an extension to
India
20
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
21
?
?
?
?
?
22
Trans-Eurasia Information NetworkTEIN (2004-2007)
  • Circuit between KOREN(Korea) and RENATER(France).
  • AP Beneficiaries China, Indonesia, Malaysia,
    Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam
  • (Non-beneficiaries Brunei, Japan, Korea,
    Singapore
  • EU partners NRENs of France, Netherlands, UK
  • The scope expanded to South-East Asia and China
    recently.
  • Upgraded to 34 Mbps in 11/2003. Upgrade to
    155Mbps planned
  • 12M Euro EU Funds
  • Coordinating Partner DANTE
  • Direct EU-AP Link Other Links go Across the US

23
APAN Recommendations(at July 2004 Meeting in
CAIRNS, Au)
  • New issues demand attention
  • Application measurement, particularly end-to-end
    network performance measurement is increasingly
    critical (deterministic networking)
  • Security must now be a consideration for every
    application and every network.
  • Central Issues for APAN this decade
  • Stronger linkages between applications and
    infrastructure - neither can exist independently
  • Stronger application and infrastructure linkages
    among APAN members.
  • Continuing focus on APAN as an organization that
    represents infrastructure interests in Asia
  • Closer connection between APAN the infrastructure
    applications organization and regional
    political organizations (e.g. APEC, ASEAN)

24
Internet in China (J.P.Wu APAN July 2004)
  • Internet users in China from 6.8 Million to 78
    Million within 6 months
  • IP Addresses 32M(1A233B146C)
  • Backbone2.5-10G DWDMRouter
  • International links20G
  • Exchange Pointsgt 30G(BJ,SH,GZ)
  • Last Miles
  • Ethernet,WLAN,ADSL,CTV,CDMA,ISDN,GPRS,Dial-up
  • Need IPv6

 
25
APAN China Consortium
  • Has been established in 1999.  The China
    Education and Research Network (CERNET), the
    Natural Science Foundation of China Network
    (NSFCNET) and the China Science and Technology
    Network (CSTNET) are the main three advanced
    networks.

CERNet
NSFCnet
2.5 Gbps
Tsinghua --- Tsinghua University PKU --- Peking
University NSFC --- Natural Science Foundation of
China CAS --- China Academy of Sciences BUPT ---
Beijing Univ. of Posts and Telecom. BUAA ---
Beijing Univ. of Aero- and Astronautics
26
China CERNET Update
  • 1995, 64K Nation wide backbone connecting 8
    cities, 100 Universities
  • 1998, 2M Nation wide backbone connecting 20
    cities, 300 Universities
  • 2000, Own dark fiber crossing 30 major cities
    and 30,000 kilometers
  • 2001, CERNET DWDM/SDH network finished
  • 2001, 2.5G/155M Backbone connecting 36 cities,
    800 universities
  • 2003,1300 universities and institutes, over 15
    million users

27
CERNET2 and Key Technologies
  • CERNET 2 Next Generation Education and Research
    Network in China
  • CERNET 2 Backbone connecting 15-20 GigaPOPs at
    2.5G-10Gbps (I2-like Model)
  • Connecting 200 Universities and 100 Research
    Institutes at 1Gbps-10Gbps
  • Native IPv6 and Lambda Networking
  • Support/Deployment of the following technologies
  • E2E performance monitoring
  • Middleware and Advanced Applications
  • Multicast

28
APAN-KR KREONET/KREONet2 II
29
GLORIAD Global Optical Ring (US-Ru-Cn Korea
Now Full Partner )

DOE ITER Distributed Ops.Fusion-HEP
Cooperation NSF Collaboration of ThreeMajor RE
Communities
  • Aug. 8 2004 P.K. Young, Korean IST Advisor to
    President Announces
  • Korea Joining GLORIAD
  • TEIN gradually to 10G, connected to GLORIAD
  • Asia Pacific Info. Infra- Structure (1G) will
    be backup net to GLORIAD

Also Important for Intra-Russia
ConnectivityEducation and Outreach
30

Global Ring Network for Advanced Applications
Development
  • Outgrowth of 6-year US-Russia NaukaNet program
  • OC3 circuits Moscow-Chicago-Beijing since January
    2004
  • OC3 circuit Moscow-Beijing July 2004 (completes
    the ring) IP traffic August
  • Korea (KISTI) joining US, Russia, China as full
    partner in GLORIAD
  • Plans developing for Central Asian extension
    (w/Kyrgyz Government)
  • Rapid traffic growth with heaviest US use from
    DOE (FermiLab), NASA, NOAA, NIH and Universities
    (UMD, IU, UCB, UNC, UMN, PSU, Harvard, Stanford,
    Wash., Oregon, 250 others)

gt 5TBytes now transferred monthly via GLORIAD to
US, Russia, China
GLORIAD 5-year Proposal Pending (with US NSF) for
expansion 2.5G Moscow-Amsterdam-Chicago-Seattle-
Hong Kong-Pusan-Beijing circuits early 2005 10G
ring around northern hemisphere 2007 multiple
wavelength service 2009 providing hybrid
circuit-switched (primarily Ethernet) and routed
services
31
Research Networking in Latin America August 2004
  • The only Countries with research network
    connectivity now in Latin America
  • Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Venezuela
  • AmPath Provided connectivity for some South
    American countries Three Year Global Crossing
    Donation New CLARA
  • Regional Network Connecting 19 Countries

Argentina Dominican Republic Panama
Brasil Ecuador
ParaguayBolivia El Salvador
PeruChile Guatemala
UruguayColombia Honduras
VenezuelaCosta Rica Mexico
NicaraguaCuba

32
Latin America CLARA Network (2004-2006 EU
Project)
  • Significant contribution from European Comission
    and Dante through ALICE project
  • NRENs in 18 LA countries forming a regional
    network for collaboration traffic
  • Initial backbone ring bandwidth f 155 Mbps
  • Spur links at 10 to 45 Mbps (Cuba at 4 Mbps by
    satellite)
  • Initial connection to Europe at 622 Mbps from
    Brazil
  • Tijuana (Mexico) PoP soon to be connected to US
    through dark fibre link (CUDI-CENIC)
  • access to US, Canada and Asia - Pacific Rim

33
NSF IRNC 2004 Two Proposals to Connect CLARA to
the US (and Europe)
1st Proposal FIU and CENIC
2nd Proposal Indiana and Internet2
Note CHEPREO (FIU, UF, FSU Caltech, UERJ, USP,
RNP) 622 Mbps Sao Paolo Miami Link Started in
August
34
GIGA Project Experimental Gbps Network Sites in
Rio and Sao Paolo
UniversitiesIMEPUC-RioUERJUFFUFRJUnespUnica
mpUSPRD CentresCBPF - physicsCPqD -
telecomCPTEC - meteorologyCTA -
aerospaceFiocruz - healthIMPA -
mathematicsINPE - space sciencesLNCC -
HPCLNLS - physics
About 600 km extension - not to scale
LNCC
CTAINPE
CPqDLNLSUnicamp
CPTEC
UFF
CBPFLNCCFiocruzIMEIMPA-RNPPUC-Rio
telcosUERJUFRJ
FapesptelcosUnespUSP IncorUSP - C.Univ.
Slide from M. Stanton
35
Extension of the GIGA Project Using 3000 km of
dark fiber. A good and real Advancement for
Science in Brazil A. Santoro.
GIGA Project in Rio and Sao Paolo
This is wonderful NEWS! our colleagues from
Salvador -Bahia will can start to work with us on
CMS.
36
HEPGRID (CMS) in Brazil
  • HEPGRID-CMS/BRAZIL is a project to build a Grid
    that
  • At Regional Level will include CBPF,UFRJ,UFRGS,UFB
    A, UERJ UNESP
  • At International Level will be integrated with
    CMS Grid based at CERN focal points include
    iVGDL/Grid3 and bilateral projects with Caltech
    Group

Brazilian HEPGRID
On line systems
T0 T1
2.5 - 10 Gbps
CERN
T1
UNESP/USP SPRACE-Working
T2 ?T1
UERJ Regional Tier2 Ctr
Gigabit
T3 ?T2
UFRGS
CBPF
UERJ T2?T1,100?500 Nodes Plus T2s to 100
Nodes
UERJ
UFRJ
UFBA
Individual Machines
T4
37
Latin America Science Areas Interested in
Improving Connectivity ( by Country)
Networks and Grids The Potential to Spark a New
Era of Science in the Region
38
AFRICA Key Trends
M. Jensen and P. Hamilton Infrastructure Report,
March 2004
  • Growth in traffic and lack of infrastructure
    ?Predominance of SatelliteBut these satellites
    are heavily subscribed
  • Slow roll out of downstream bandwidth limiting
    markets No regional fiber in East, Central or
    Interior regions.
  • 52M Mobile phone subscribers by end 2003 gt 2X
    fixed line phone customers
  • Intl Traffic Only 1 of traffic on links is
    for Internet connectionsMost Internet traffic
    (for 80 of countries) via satellite
  • Flourishing Grey market for Internet VOIP
    traffic using VSAT dishes
  • Many Regional fiber projects in planning phase
    (some languished in the past) Only links from
    South Africa to Nimibia, Botswana done so far
  • Intl fiber Project SAT-3/WASC/SAFE Cable from
    South Africa to PortugalAlong West Coast of
    Africa
  • Supplied by Alcatel to Worldwide Consortium of 35
    Carriers
  • 40 Gbps by Mid-2003 Heavily Subscribed. Ultimate
    Capacity 120 Gbps
  • Extension to Interior Mostly by Satellite lt 1
    Mbps to 100 Mbps typical

Note World Conference on Physics and Sustainable
Development, 10/31 11/2/05 in Durban South
Africa Part of World Year of Physics 2005.
Sponsors UNESCO, ICTP, IUPAP, APS, SAIP
39
AFRICA Nectar Net Initiative
  • Growing Need to connect academic researchers,
    medicalresearchers practitioners to many sites
    in Africa
  • Examples
  • CDC NIH Global AIDS Project, Dept. of
    Parasitic Diseases,Natl Library of Medicine
    (Ghana, Nigeria)
  • Gates 50M HIV/AIDS Center in Botswana Project
    Coord at Harvard
  • Africa Monsoon AMMA Project, Dakar Site cf. East
    US Hurricanes
  • US Geological Survey Global Spatial Data
    Infrastructure
  • Distance Learning Emory-Ibadan (Nigeria)
    Research Channel Content
  • But Africa is Hard 11M Sq. Miles, 600 M People,
    54 Countries
  • Little Telecommunications Infrastructure
  • Approach Use SAT-3/WASC Cable (to Portugal),
    GEANT Across Europe, Amsterdam-NY Link Across
    the Atlantic, then Peer with RE Networks such
    as Abilene in NYC
  • Cable Landings in 8 West African Countries and
    South Africa
  • Pragmatic approach to reach end points VSAT
    satellite, ADSL, microwave, etc.

W. MatthewsGeorgia Tech
40
Sample Bandwidth Costs for African Universities
Bandwidth prices in Africa vary dramatically are
in general many times what they could be if
universities purchase in volume
Sample size of 26 universitiesAverage Cost for
VSAT service Quality, CIR, Rx, Tx not
distinguished
Roy Steiner Internet2 Workshop
41
HEPGRID and Digital Divide Workshop UERJ, Rio de
Janeiro, Feb. 16-20 2004
Theme Global Collaborations, Grids and Their
Relationship to the Digital Divide ICFA,
understanding the vital role of these issues for
our fields future, commissioned the Standing
Committee on Inter-regional Connectivity (SCIC)
in 1998, to survey and monitor the state of the
networks used by our field, and identify
problems. For the past three years the SCIC has
focused on understanding and seeking the means of
reducing or eliminating the Digital Divide, and
proposed to ICFA that these issues, as they
affect our field of High Energy Physics, be
brought to our community for discussion. This led
to ICFAs approval, in July 2003, of the Digital
Divide and HEP Grid Workshop.  More
Information http//www.lishep.uerj.br
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42
HEPGRID and Digital Divide Workshop UERJ, Rio
Feb. 16-20 2004 Summary
See http//www.lishep.uerj.br/WorkshopSchedule.htm
l
  • Worldviews of Networks and Grid Projects and the
    Relationship to the Digital Divide Newman,
    Santoro, Gagliardi, Avery, Cottrell
  • View from Major Experiments and Labs (D0, ATLAS,
    CMS, LHCb, ALICE Fermilab) Blazey, Jones, Foa,
    Nakada, Carminati
  • Progress in Acad. Research Networks in Europe,
    Asia Pacific, Latin America Williams, Tapus,
    Karita, Son, Ibarra
  • Major Network Initatives I2, GLIF, NLR, Aarnet,
    CLARA Preston, de Laat, Silvester, McLaughlin,
    Stanton, Olson
  • View from/for Developing Countries Willers,
    Ali, Davalos, De Paula, Canessa, Sciutto,
    Alvarez
  • Grids and Digital Divide in Russia Ilyin,
    Soldatov
  • Other Fields ITER (Fusion), MammoGrid
    Velikhov, Amendolia
  • Round Tables Network Readiness, Digital Divide
    in Latin America
  • Special Talks on HEP in Brazil Lederman, and
    Review of the CERN Role of Science in the
    Information Society Event Hoffmann
  • Participation of Latin American NRENs, and Govt
    Officials
  • 152 Participants, 18 Countries BR 107, US 18, CH
    8, AG 3, FR 3,

43
Findings and Recommendations D.O. Williams (at
LISHEP2004) on the Digital Divide in Europe
  • The Digital Divide
    Exists
  • The depth of the digital divide varies very
    greatly from country to country
  • There are four countries in Eastern Europe with a
    high overall standard of research networking.
    Reasons include
  • Good support for research networking at govtal
    level
  • Access to dark fibre where/when necessary
  • History of participation in joint European
    projects
  • The majority of countries fall very far behind
    those in western Europe
  • The consequences of this digital divide are
    serious
  • Those countries without an adequate research
    network will suffer from research exclusion

44
Findings and Recommendations on the Digital
Divide in Europe (Williams)
  • Access to Dark Fibre is Vital
  • Access to dark fibre enables the NRENs in small
    eastern European countries to upgrade the
    capacity of the backbone and access links one
    hundred-fold without spending much more on the
    infrastructure
  • At the present moment this is the main step which
    could be taken to close the digital divide.
  • In most eastern European countries the fibre is
    already laid.
  • In countries with a liberalized telecommunication
    market it is not difficult to get the fibre.
  • There are encouraging examples that this was also
    done in the countries with monopoly in
    telecommunications
  • Could the EC make recommendations in this respect
    ?

45
Some Personal Comments on the Digital
Divide(D.O. Williams, LISHEP2004)
  • I think that the digital divide issue is actually
    very important for the future stability of the
    world
  • I think that it will be very difficult to fix
  • Some of it is finding the right technologies for
    different areas
  • But a lot is about the structure of society
  • Reliable electrical power
  • Government transparency
  • Support for education and scientific research
  • and while the developed countries can give
    advice and try to help, the real directions
    can only be determined in the developing world
  • You need to understand that removing the digital
    divide is shooting at a moving target. Internet
    use has only just started and technological
    progress will move the goalposts (raise the bar)
    a lot in the next 2-3-5 years.

46
International ICFA Workshop on HEP Networking,
Grids and Digital Divide Issues for Global
e-Science
  • Proposed Workshop Dates May 23-27, 2005
  • Venue Daegu, Korea
  • Dongchul Son
  • Center for High Energy Physics
  • Kyungpook National University
  • ICFA, Beijing, China
  • Aug. 2004

ICFA Approval Requested Today
47
International ICFA Workshop on HEP Networking,
Grids and Digital Divide Issues for Global
e-Science
  • Themes
  • Networking, Grids, and Their Relationship to the
    Digital Divide for HEP as Global e-Science
  • Focus on Key Issues of Inter-regional
    Connectivity
  • Mission Statement
  • ICFA, understanding the vital role of these
    issues for our fields future, commissioned the
    Standing Committee on Inter-regional Connectivity
    (SCIC) in 1998, to survey and monitor the state
    of the networks used by our field, and identify
    problems. For the past three years the SCIC has
    focused on understanding and seeking the means of
    reducing or eliminating the Digital Divide, and
    proposed to ICFA that these issues, as they
    affect our field of High Energy Physics, be
    brought to our community for discussion. This
    workshop, the second in the series begun with the
    the 2004 Digital Divide and HEP Grid Workshop in
    Rio de Janeiro (approved by ICFA in July 2003)
    will carry forward this work while strengthening
    the involvement of scientists, technologists and
    governments in the Asia Pacific region.

48
International ICFA Workshop on HEP Networking,
Grids and Digital Divide Issues for Global
e-Science
  • Workshop Goals
  • Review the current status, progress and barriers
    to the effective use of the major national,
    continental and transoceanic networks used by HEP
  • Review progress, strengthen opportunities for
    collaboration, and explore the means to deal with
    key issues in Grid computing and Grid-enabled
    data analysis, for high energy physics and other
    fields of data intensive science, now and in the
    future
  • Exchange information and ideas, and formulate
    plans to develop solutions to specific problems
    related to the Digital Divide in various
    regions, with a focus on Asia Pacific, Latin
    America, Russia and Africa
  • Continue to advance a broad program of work on
    reducing or eliminating the Digital Divide, and
    ensuring global collaboration, as related to all
    of the above aspects.

49
Sketch of an Agenda
  • Status of HEP Grids (One day)
  • LHC(CMS, ATLAS, ALICE, LHCb), CDF/D0,
    Belle/BaBar, PHENIX, etc.
  • International Projects iVDGL, GriPhyN, PPDG,
    EDG, EGEE, etc.
  • Digital Divide Perspectives from Major
    experiments (One day)
  • LHC/Tevatron Exps/B-Factories/RHIC
  • Other areas such as ITER, Weather, Earthquake,
    Bioinformatics, etc.
  • Network perspectives from each region (One-half
    to One Day)
  • National (or regional) representatives from Asia
    Pacific and also key countries (e.g. Brazil) from
    other regions Korea, Japan, China, Australia,
    other parts in AP / Russia / Brazil, Mexico,
    other parts in Latin America / South Africa and
    other parts in Africa / Europe / N.America etc.
  • Grid Enabled Analysis for LHC (One-half to One
    Day)
  • Status of GEA and some perspectives of Grids
  • Applications of Data Grids and Implications for
    Future society (Half Day, on the last day)
  • Ubiquitous Computing (special topic)
  • Discussion Panels (1 hour 2nd and 3rd Days 2
    hours on last day)
  • All Sessions Tutorials Carried Live Via VRVS
    Also Playback

50
Schedule Outline Logistics
  • Some Dates
  • Workshop May 23-27, 2005
  • LOC/International Advisory Committee September,
    2004
  • Fixing the agenda September 25, 2004 (8 months
    ahead)
  • Sending out letters of invitation November 20,
    2004 (6 months ahead)
  • Logistics
  • Number of people expected 250 (130 from Korea
    120 from abroad) not counting many graduate
    students from Korea
  • Number of invited speakers, panelists 60
    (Includes 10 from Korea)
  • Venue Kyungpook National University or Hotel
    Inter-burgo or EXCO
  • Kyungpook National University is most preferred.
  • Hotels Inter-burgo/Daegu Park others within
    30
  • Inter-Burgo (5 Star, 207 rooms, 120) and
    Daegu Park (4 Star, 135 rooms, 100) at same
    site
  • Special events, Highlights or Items of special
    note
  • Tour and Sightseeing (Historic Gyeongju Area)
  • Special Performance (Korean Traditional Folksongs
    and Dances)
  • Banquet/Reception
  • ICFA-SCIC Meeting
  • Several people from Korean Governments will be
    invited
  • Advanced Network communities from several regions
    will be invited to participate

51
Outcomes, Support/Sponsors, Side Meeting Option
  • Expected Outcomes
  • Infrastructure buildup in needy areas
  • Advance Grid or Network initiatives.
  • New or strengthened collaborations in Grid
    Enabled Analysis
  • Support and Sponsors
  • Some support to help needy students attend will
    be provided
  • Sponsors
  • Center for High Energy Physics/KOSEF
  • Kyungpook National University
  • Ministry of Science and Technology
  • Korea Information and Strategy Development
    Institute (KISDI)
  • Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Information (KISTI)
  • National Computerization Agency (NCA), Advanced
    Network Forum (ANF), etc.
  • Options
  • Meetings of Advanced Network Forum or Grid
    Forum-Korea would run side by side as parallel
    sessions (to be discussed with the ANF, Grid
    Forum-Korea)
  • In this case, we would need the EXCO for the
    venue and there will be tutorials but otherwise
    there is no plan for tutorials
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