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The Renaissance Theater and

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The Renaissance Theater and Macbeth Ms. Eckman Elements of Literature, Sixth Course. Literature of Britain. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. 2000. 282-288 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Renaissance Theater and


1
The Renaissance Theater andMacbeth
  • Ms. Eckman
  • Elements of Literature, Sixth Course. Literature
    of Britain. New York Holt, Rinehart, and
    Winston. 2000. 282-288

2
The history of the theater.
  • Where did drama come from?
  • .from church ceremonies such as Morality Plays,
    Miracle Plays and Mystery plays
  • Dramas are based on the 5 cycles of human life
    (according to 13th 14th century workers
    guilds)
  • Creation by God
  • Fall to Satan
  • Life in the Old Testament
  • Redemption by Christ
  • Final Judgement

3
The Beginning of Medieval Drama
  • The English had been writing and performing plays
    centuries before the Renaissance.
  • Medieval drama likely evolved from church
    ceremonies.
  • 1300-1400s Drama moved out of the churches and
    into the marketplaces of towns.
  • Workers Guild A trade union combined with a
    club. Example Carpenter Guild. Each trade had
    its own guild.
  • Guilds cooperated in staging cycles of plays that
    dramatized stories from the bible.
  • Miracle and Mystery plays taught people stories
    from the bible and of the saints.
  • Morality plays taught people how to live good
    lives.
  • Guilds built large wheeled carts on which they
    would perform their plays throughout sections of
    the town.
  • The guilds used elaborate costumes, props, and
    effects to gain attention and make the plays as
    lifelike as possible.
  • Gradually, the plays became less religious and
    more comedic.

4
Representation of a Mystery Play by David Jee
5
History continued.
  • The first public theater was built in 1576 by
    Richard and James Burbage. It was called
    Theater (no really- just Theater)
  • In 1599, the Theater was torn town and its wood
    was used to build the Globe theater.

6
Introducing.The Globe Theater!
  • The Globe is the most famous of the public
    theaters because the company that Shakespeare
    belonged to owned it.
  • The Globe Theater burned down in 1613.
  • Though scholars are not certain what the Globe
    looked like, stage directions from Shakespeares
    plays and historical documents have provided
    enough evidence for a modern reconstruction of
    the Globe theater.

7
The Globe Theater
  • Wooden structure three stories high
  • Held 3,000 people
  • Inner yard open to the sky
  • The stage jutted halfway out into the theatre
    allowing for the audience to be in much closer
    contact with the actors.
  • The stage had trap doors in the walls and ceiling
  • Scenery was kept to a minimum.
  • Actors wore elaborate and expensive costumes.
  • Music and lyrics were specifically written for
    every play.

The Globe Theater Today Techniques used in the
reconstruction of the theater were painstakingly
accurate. Photo by Tom Green
8
Who attended the globe???
  • The Audiences at the Globe theater had to use
    their imaginations
  • because
  • The limited scenery and lighting techniques.
  • There were no actresses, so boys played female
    characters.
  • Instead of seeing a scene, audiences often heard
    it described in the play.
  • Who attended plays at the Globe theater?
  • 1. Groundlings The youth and poor could afford
    to watch the plays from the floor for one penny.
  • Groundlings were often sardined on the theater
    floor and were characteristically boisterous and
    rowdy.
  • Groundlings were grimy, snaggle-toothed
    creatures who stood on the ground without seats,
    eating picking pockets. -from USA Today
  • 2. Upper class and Patrons Paid more money to
    sit in the upper stories of the theatre and have
    a better view of the stage.
  • 3. Nobility and Very Wealthy The most expensive
    seats were chairs set along the side of the
    stage.

9
So why did so many people go to The Globe?
  • They loved to be entertained!
  • They liked to be close to the stage because then
    they could see every nuance of the actors
    face/performance
  • Loved to see witches devils going to hell OR
    Gods angels going to heaven

10
Music Costumes
  • Very important
  • The more elaborate the better!
  • Used rich fabrics fake jewels
  • Were beautiful- set fashion trends
  • All the music songs were written for EACH play

11
Where else did acting guilds perform???
  • In Great Halls of castles Manor houses but
    they needed to bring a portable stage because
    they didnt have any (was primarily used for
    things like Bear baiting)
  • 2. Indoor theaters around London

12
William Shakespeare 1564 - 1616
  • Married Anne Hathaway when he was 18.
  • Two daughters and one son his son died at age
    11.
  • By 1592, Shakespeare was involved in Londons
    theaters as both an actor and writer.
  • His wealth and popularity prospered by 1596 and
    Shakespeare moved up in social rank.
  • Member and shareholder of the theatre company who
    owned the Globe.
  • Six of his plays given command performances by
    Queen Elizabeth I.

13
Shakespeare Complete Man of the Theater
  • Shakespeare created his plays specifically for
    his own acting company and stage at The Globe
    Theater
  • had to provide good parts in every play for the
    main performers in the company.
  • limited number of female characters because there
    were no female actresses during the time boys
    often played the female characters.
  • wrote lyrics for the music because audiences
    expected singing in every play.
  • Arranged scenes carefully so that actors could
    have multiple roles in a play there were a
    limited number of actors in a company!

14
Introducing
  • Macbeth

15
Your Cast of Characters
  • King Duncan King of Scotland
  • Malcolm son to Duncan, named to be King
  • Donalbain other son to Duncan
  • Macbeth Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor
  • and future king of Scotland
  • Banquo Macbeths best friend
  • Fleance Banquos son
  • Lady Macbeth wife to Macbeth
  • The 3 Weird Sisters/Witches predict the future
  • Hecate Queen of the witches
  • Macduff former friend of Macbethloyal to
    Malcolm

16
Minor Characters
  • Ross a nobleman, tells Macduff that his family
    is dead
  • Lennox a nobleman
  • Angus a nobleman (with a fun name!)
  • Menteith Caithness noblemen
  • Siward Young Siward an English
  • general loyal to Malcolm and his son
  • Apparitions 3 of them, predict Macbeths future

17
Background..
  • The setting is in Scotland and England
  • Shakespeare based this play on historical fact
    The Gunpowder Act of 1605
  • The Elizabethan audience considered this play a
    thriller even though we know it as a tragedy.
  • This was Shakespeares shortest play- he hoped
    that his patron, King James, would come and watch
    the play.
  • The play is about real people and real emotions
    greed, ambition, power and desire!

18
What is a TRAGEDY?
  • .a kind of play in which human actions have
    inevitable consequences, in which the characters
    bad deeds, errors, mistakes and crimes are never
    forgiven or rectified. (Elements of Literature
    300)
  • .in a tragedy an ill judged-action will
    remorselessly lead to a catastrophe.(to) death
    or multiple deaths. (300)

19
The Prophecies..
  • The 3 weird sisters (witches) give Macbeth and
    Banquo 3 prophesies
  • 1. Macbeth will be Thane of Cawdor
  • 2. Macbeth will be King
  • 3. Banquo wont be king but his sons will
  • be Kings
  • Then

20
The Apparitions..
  • The Head wearing a Helmet said Macbeth should
    beware of Macduff
  • 2. The Bloody Child said that no one born of
    woman could harm Macbeth
  • 3. The Crowned Child holding a tree branch said
    that nothing would happen to Macbeth until the
    Great Birnam Woods moved to Dunsinane Hill
  • 4. The ghost of Banquo followed by 8 Kings
    still predicted that Banquos sons will be King
    (this really upset Macbeth!!)- the last king held
    a cup that showed more kings

21
The Themes
  • The corrupting power of AMBITION!
  • - Macbeths ambition
  • - Lady Macbeths ambition
  • The relationship between Cruelty Masculinity
  • -Lady Macbeth

22
Motifs and Symbols
  • Hallucinations reminder of guilt the
    unconscious mind
  • Violence even though most of the deaths occur
    offstage, you see the brutality/after effects
    (i.e the severed heads, bloody child)
  • Prophecies self-fulfilling vs. destiny or fate
  • Blood symbolizes guilt
  • Weather storms, thunder lightening are all
    present when unnatural things occur (murder and
    moral corruption)
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