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From the Mauryas to the Guptas

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From the Mauryas to the Guptas May 2009 Chetan Vaity Ashoka's empire After Ashoka ... Ashoka died in 232 BC For another 50 years, Mauryan kings rule from Magadha In ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: From the Mauryas to the Guptas


1
From the Mauryas to the Guptas
  • May 2009
  • Chetan Vaity

2
Ashoka's empire
3
After Ashoka ...
  • Ashoka died in 232 BC
  • For another 50 years, Mauryan kings rule from
    Magadha
  • In 183 BC, Pushyamitra Shunga, a senapati of
    Brhadratha the last Mauryan king grabs power
    through a palace revolution

4
Maurya on timeline
5
Shunga
  • Centered around Vidisha
  • Vassal states more or less independent
  • Issued their own coins
  • Little known about Magadha
  • Other kings Agnimitra, Vasumitra, Bhagabhadra

6
Greeks from Bactria
  • Demetrius in early 2nd century BC occupied
    Indus Valley and Punjab
  • Raids till Pataliputra
  • Divided into several petty kingdoms
  • One of the Greek kings, Menander, (ruler of
    Sakala - Sialkot) is well remembered in Buddhist
    sources
  • "The Questions of Milinda" - his dialogue with
    monk Nagasena

7
Shunga on timeline
8
Kushana
  • In first half of 1st century, the Kushana tribe
    of the Yeuh-Chi gained control of NW India

9
Kanishka
  • Kanishka ruled till Varanasi - remembered as a
    great patron of Buddhism
  • Kanishka's coronation - AD 78 (?)?
  • 4th Buddhist council in Kashmir
  • Soon, this empire too reduced and NW India came
    under control of the Persians

10
Kushana on timeline
11
Kharavela of Kalinga
  • Latter half of 1st century BC
  • Short lived empire

12
Satvahanas of the Deccan
  • Centered around Pratishthan (Paithan)?
  • Long lived empire almost 300 years
  • Influence reached beyond Narmada

13
The Saka threat
  • For a short time, Sakas under Nahapana gained
    control of NW Deccan

14
Gautamiputra Satkarni (Shalivahan)?
  • In AD 125, Gautamiputra Satkarni recovered these
    lands and expanded his empire - from coast to
    coast

15
Timeline
16
Stupas - Sanchi
  • Commissioned by Ashoka
  • May have been destroyed by Pushyamitra Sunga
  • Rebuilt by Agnimitra Sunga
  • Gateways added by Satvahanas

17
Stupas - Amravati
  • Amravati
  • Originally started by Ashoka
  • Completed in 200 AD

18
Ajanta
19
Trade with Rome
20
Roman trade
  • Ports
  • Barbaricum (Karachi)?
  • Barygaza (Bharuch)?
  • Calliena (Kalyan) via Naneghat
  • Suppala (Sopara)?
  • India, China and the Arabian peninsula take one
    hundred million sesterces from our empire per
    annum at a conservative estimate that is what
    our luxuries and women cost us. - Pliny (50 AD)?
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