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The Spanish and the Aztecs


The Spanish and the Aztecs THE AZTECS How Did the History of the Aztec Affect Their Worldview? Aztecs believed they were following the orders of their patron god They ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Spanish and the Aztecs

The Spanish and the Aztecs

How Did the History of the Aztec Affect Their
  • Aztecs believed they were following the orders of
    their patron god
  • They followed his orders and migrated from
    northern Mexico to central Mexico and further
  • They believed their god would lead them to the
    land of their destiny
  • As the Aztecs moved, they had to adapt and change
    to the other cultures around them and this forced
    them to grow stronger

  • So Aztec history has affected their worldview in
    the following ways
  • Religion and their gods have
    always played an important part in how they view
    the world.
  • Their migration made them
    stronger as a culture and this gave them
    confidence and strength in how they viewed the
    world around them.

How Did Aztec Social Systems Reflect Their
  • Because religion and a sense of strength played a
    strong role in their daily lives, priests, nobles
    and warriors occupied the upper level of Aztec
  • The only ways commoners could move up in class is
    if they joined the military or became priests.
  • Education was important for all, as it was a
    means of passing on traditions and religious
    beliefs to all people.

How Did the Aztec Political System Reflect Their
  • Because of the importance of religion, the
    emperor held the most powerful position in Aztec
    politics...he was the representative of their
    most important god.
  • No one could disobey him. If they did, they were
    disobeying the gods themselves.

How Did the Aztec Economic System Reflect Their
  • An important aspect of their economic system was
    based on paying tribute to the emperor. This was
    based on the importance of religion as the
    emperor was considered a representative of the
  • Tribute was made in the form of agricultural
  • Therefore the backbone of the Aztec economy was

How Did the Aztecs worldview influence their
choices, decisions and customs?
  • All choices, decisions and customs of the Aztecs
    was based on religion and the gods.
  • All decisions were based on the omens and the
    power of the gods.


How Did the Spanish Worldview lead to their
desire to expand their empire?
  • The Spanish believed that the world was theirs to
    take for the glory of Spain. They believed that
    Spanish imperialism was their right.
  • They wanted new colonies to gain more wealth.
  • They felt it was their duty to convert
    non-Christians to Roman Catholicism.
  • They felt they needed a large empire to compete
    with Portugal.

How did things like technology and disease
contribute to the Spanish dominating the Aztecs
  • Technology
  • The Spanish had much better technology in the
    form of weapons than the Aztecs did.
  • Spanish had muskets, cannons as well as armour to
    use while fighting. The Aztecs simply had bows
    and spears.
  • Although not a technology, the Spanish also had
    horses that they rode in on. The Aztecs had never
    seen horses before.

  • Disease
  • Along with new technology, the Spanish also
    brought diseases with them that decimated the
  • The Aztecs had no immunity for the new diseases
    as they had never been exposed.
  • The diseases that the Spanish brought ended up
    killing thousands of Aztecs.

  • Psychological
  • The Spanish also had a psychological advantage
    over the Aztecs.
  • The Aztecs thought that the Spanish were gods or
    demons and were also scared of them.
  • The Aztecs knew that their gods had vast powers
    and that they surely couldnt defeat the Spanish
    whom they thought were gods.

How were different Worldviews factors in conflict
between the Spanish and the Aztecs
  • Conflict of Religion
  • The Aztecs respected and feared the gods, and
    thought that the Spanish leader was a god
    himself. Therefore they treated him with respect
    and open arms.
  • The Spanish were on a mission to convert
    non-Christians to Christianity. They saw the
    non-Christian Aztecs as barbarians who needed
  • Conflict of Expanding Empires
  • The Aztecs were just starting to expand their
    empire in the only world they knew.
  • The Spanish were out to expand their empire
    worldwide and would let nobody stand in their

  • Conflict of War Tactics
  • The Aztecs viewed war differently. They would
    rather negotiate first. If war was to follow,
    there were specific rules that they followed.
    Enemies were not to be killed, rather they were
    to be captured.
  • The Spanish believed in killing anyone that
    opposed them in their pursuit of land and money.