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North Dakota College Drinking NDCORE Survey

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2006 states statistics are drawn from a sample of 3729 students from 11 colleges ... American Indian 0.7 1.8 1.9 2.2. Asian/Pacific Islander 3.4 1.0 0.9 1.4 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: North Dakota College Drinking NDCORE Survey


1
North Dakota College DrinkingNDCORE Survey
  • Dakota North Higher Education Consortium for
    Substance Abuse Prevention

2007 Senior Administrators Forum February 21,
2007 Dr. Karin Walton, Director
This forum is made possible by a generous grant
from the
Held in conjunction with the 2007 ND Alcohol
Forum. Space provided by
2
NDHECSAP
North Dakota Higher Education Consortium for
Substance Abuse Prevention
  • Mission
  • Reduce substance abuse in North Dakotas college
    student population and related consequences.
  • Coordinate prevention efforts of colleges and
    universities throughout the state by promoting
    college and community environmental factors that
    support healthy and safe norms.
  • Advocate for stronger prevention policies
  • Collaborate in campus-community partnerships,
  • Assist members of the consortium in the
    development of evidence-based prevention
    programs.

3
NDHECSAP
  • Vision
  • The consortium seeks campus communities where
    student safety and success is not jeopardized by
    the use of alcohol or other substances.

4
NDCORE Survey
North Dakota Higher Education Consortium for
Substance Abuse Prevention
  • Grant funding DOT Office of Traffic Safety
  • Development, administration, and analysis of
    state survey
  • Contracted with Core Institute
  • Conduced focus groups across the state
  • law enforcement
  • community leaders
  • school leaders
  • medical personnel
  • faith-based leaders
  • NDHECSAP members
  • campus and community coalition members
  • prevention and safe community coordinators
  • students

5
NDCORE Survey
  • Geographic Area rural and urban
  • High School grades, school size, drinking
  • Parental Influence parents drinking patterns,
    and attitude about underage drinking
  • Traffic Safety driving violations and injury
    consequences

6
Core Alcohol and Drug SurveyCore Institute
University of Illinois CarbondaleThe Core
Alcohol and Drug Survey assesses the nature,
scope, and consequences of alcohol and other drug
use on college campuses.
  • NDCORE Survey
  • 2006 states statistics are drawn from a sample of
    3729 students from 11 colleges/universities in
    North Dakota (NDUS).
  • CORE Survey
  • 1994 statistics are drawn from a sample of 2261
    students from 11 colleges/universities and 2
    private colleges in North Dakota
  • 2003 - 2005 state statistics are drawn from a
    sample of 3373 students from 11
    colleges/universities in North Dakota (NDUS)
    (fall 2003 and spring 2005).
  • National statistics are drawn from a sample of
    68,000 students from about 133 colleges in the
    United States. These colleges conducted Core
    Survey during 2004.

7
Core Alcohol and Drug Survey
North Dakota Higher Education Consortium for
Substance Abuse Prevention





  • National 1994 2003-2005 2006
  • Year in School
  • Freshman 30.6 28.1 40.5
    46.7
  • Sophomore 23.9 27 3 32.1
    27.1
  • Junior 21.4 18.8 12.3 14.9
  • Senior 21.2 21.1 2.7
    9.9
  • Graduates 1.8 1.9 1.3
    0.6
  • Other 1.0 1.5 0.7
    0.7
  • Age
  • 16-20 58.8 28.0 61.7 72.7
  • 21 and older 41.2 45.7 37.5
    27.3
  • Gender
  • Female 61.7 37.9 43.6 51.9
  • Male 38.3 62.1 51.4 48.1
  • Residence

8
Annual Prevalence
  • National 1994 2003-2005 2006
  • Annual Prevalence
  • Tobacco 42.0 45.5 51.5
    45.6
  • Alcohol 84.7 89.1 87.0
    84.9 Marijuana 32.8 13.7 22.7
    22.6
  • Cocaine 6.0 1.3 3.2
    3.0
  • Amphetamines 8.3 6.7 4.8
    3.7 Sedatives 4.8 0.9 1.7
    2.4 Hallucinogens 4.4 1.3
    2.0 2.4 Opiates 1.5 0.4
    0.8 1.1 Inhalants 1.5 0.4
    0.8 0.8
  • Designer Drugs 3.7 0.3 1.6
    2.1
  • Steroids 0.9 0.7 0.7
    0.8
  • Other 2.5 0.6 1.5
    1.2
  • The percentage is students who reported using
    each drug listed at least once within the year
    prior to completing the survey.

9
30-Day Prevalence
  • National 1994 2003-2005 2006
  • 30-Day Prevalence
  • Tobacco 31.6 30.9 38.6
    34.1
  • Alcohol 72.0 75.8 75.6
    73.1 Marijuana 18.8 5.5 11.4
    10.3
  • Cocaine 2.7 0.5 1.2
    1.2
  • Amphetamines 4.1 2.8 2.5
    1.9
  • Sedatives 2.3 0.4 1.1
    1.1 Hallucinogens 1.3 0.3 0.8
    0.8 Opiates 0.7 0.2
    0.7 0.7
  • Inhalants 0.7 0.4 0.5
    0.5
  • Designer Drugs 1.1 0.2 0.7
    0.8
  • Steroids 0.5 0.3 0.5
    0.7 Other 1.0 0.2 0.8
    0.6
  • The percentage of students who reported using
    each drug listed at least once within the 30 days
    prior to completing the survey.

10
Age of First Use Alcohol
North Dakota Higher Education Consortium for
Substance Abuse Prevention
11
Average Number of Drinks per Week
North Dakota Higher Education Consortium for
Substance Abuse Prevention
12
How Often Used Alcohol
North Dakota Higher Education Consortium for
Substance Abuse Prevention
13
Binge Drinking (5 in past 2 wks)
North Dakota Higher Education Consortium for
Substance Abuse Prevention
14
NDCORE Consequences
  • Had a hangover 67.8
  • Damaged property 55.2
  • Memory loss 39.3
  • Missed a class 38.9
  • Argument or fight 37.5
  • Something later regret 32.3
  • Been criticized by someone 31.4
  • Driven a car 29.6
  • Performed poorly on a test, etc. 26.6
  • Been in trouble with police, residence hall, or
    other college authorities 17.8
  • Been hurt or injured 16.5
  • Taken advantage sexually 12.5
  • DUI arrest 10.3
  • Nauseated or vomited 7.5
  • Tried unsuccessfully to quit 5.1
  • Thought of suicide 4.6
  • Taken advantage of 4.0
  • Thought had problem 2.7
  • Tried to commit suicide 1.9

15
NDCORE Family History
  • Family History 51.3
  • No Family History 48.7

16
NDCORE Questions
17
Population of Home Community
  • 1,000 or less 21.8
  • 1,001 2,500 13.0
  • 2,501 5,000 9.4
  • 5,001 10,000 9.1
  • 10,001 20,000 12.5
  • 20,001 50,000 11.2
  • 50,001 100,000 12.2
  • 100,001 - 500,000 5.3
  • 500,001 1 million 2.0
  • More then 1 million 3.4

34.8
53.3
18
Grade Point Average
  • A 32.7
  • B 52.2
  • C 14.4
  • D 0.5
  • F 0.1

19
The Problem in North Dakota
20
What Constitutes High-risk or Excessive Drinking
  • 1-4 drinks 12.3
  • 5 9.5
  • 6 12.0
  • 7 6.9
  • 8 10.1
  • 9 5.0
  • 10 16.3
  • 11 1.5
  • 12 9.8
  • 13 1.7
  • 14 1.3
  • 15 13.7

Rankings
3
51.2
4
1
2
21
Rankings What constitutes high-risk or
excessive drinking
  • 87.7 believe excessive drinking is 5 or more
  • 52.7 report drinking 5 or more in past two weeks
  • 38.9 report drinking 5 or more per week

22
1 Drug Problem in ND
  • Marijuana 8.8
  • Methamphetamine 21.5
  • Prescription Drugs 0.7
  • Alcohol 67.7
  • Sedatives 0.1
  • Cocaine 0.6
  • Other 0.7

23
Availability of Alcohol
24
Where Get Alcohol
  • Friends under 21 22.1
  • Friends over 21 54.0
  • Fake ID 3.7
  • Adult acquaintances 10.8
  • Parents 8.4
  • Other 28.2

25
Enforcement
26
Stricter Policies, Laws, Ordinances Deter Drinking
  • Yes 19.6
  • No 80.4
  • Campus AOD Polices Yes 88.4
  • Enforced Yes 63.4
  • Campus AOD Prevention Program Yes 42.4
  • Is Campus Concerned Yes 77.1
  • Involved in Prevention Efforts No 92.9

27
Most Effective Deterrent
  • Fines/Fees 29.6
  • Expulsion from College 27.9
  • Jail 19.2
  • Education 9.9
  • Community Service 6.6
  • Removal from Residence Hall 6.9

28
Parental Influence
29
Parental Factors to Limit or Control ATOD Use
North Dakota Higher Education Consortium for
Substance Abuse Prevention
30
Questions about Parents
  • Either parents drink 58.7
  • Talk to you about alcohol 68.3
  • Talk to you about your use 51.3
  • Either parents illicit drugs 5.3
  • Talk to you about illicit drugs 41.5
  • Talk to you about your use 20.3

31
Alcohol Free Activities
32
Alcohol Available Good Time
  • Yes 13.1
  • No 86.9

33
Alcohol Free Activities Groups
34
Alcohol Free Activities Where Live
65.3
35
Legal Consequences
36
Legal Issues
37
Secondhand Effects
38
Secondhand Effects
  • Drinking of other students (In which of the
    following ways does the drinking of other
    students interfere with your life on or around
    campus)
  • Doesnt interfere with my life 68.5

Interferes with life Interrupts
studying 52.6 Makes feel unsafe 36.0
Prevents from enjoying events 34.6 Messes
up physical living space 33.3 Adversely
affects athletic team invol or other gr 17.4
Interferes other ways 16.7
39
Secondhand Effects
  • Interferes other ways
  • Sleep
  • Annoying
  • Noise
  • Baby-sit the one drunk
  • Safety (assault and threats)
  • Peer pressure to drink

40
Secondhand Effects HelpingHelping another
person can lead to negative consequences for the
helper. Before you helped the student who had
been drinking heavily were you concerned about
41
Secondhand Effects
  • Helped other ways
  • Driving or ride home
  • Sexual Assault
  • Suicide or other mental distress
  • Crying
  • Safety issues (heart stopped, throwing up, passed
    out, etc.)

42
Secondhand Effects Helping
43
Trends
  • Core Survey
  • Increase in abstainers
  • Age of first use is younger
  • Amount has increased
  • Frequency has increased
  • Number of binge incidents has increased
  • NDCORE Survey
  • Increase in abstainers
  • Decrease in 6 Drinks per week
  • Decrease in drinking 3x/week
  • Number of binge incidents has decreased slightly

44
Key Findings
  • Majority believe 5 drks constitutes excessive
    drinking
  • Alcohol 1 drug problem in the state
  • Alcohol obtained from adults gt21
  • Believe stricter policies, laws or ordinances not
    deterrent
  • Fines/fees and expulsion from college are
    deterrents
  • Parents expectations and rules are a somewhat
    effective deterrent
  • Dont believe alcohol is necessary for having a
    good time
  • There are alcohol free options in ND
  • Across all groups
  • Students report willingness to assist another
    student
  • With little concern of consequences to self
  • RAs appear to be first responders

45
Recommendations
  • Impact North Dakota Environment on Campus and in
    Community
  • Offer alcohol free activities
  • Students awake on third shift when campus staff
    are gone
  • Create normative environment
  • Educate students about risks, health supporting
    norms
  • Educate/train students about the secondhand
    effects (willingness to address)
  • Availability of alcohol
  • Challenge for campus and community
  • Alcohol is necessary at every function
  • Marketing and promotion of alcohol
  • Explore impact of alcohol advertising on campus
  • Support law enforcement
  • Support policy review and development
  • Explore First Responders (RAs) liability issues

46
North Dakota College DrinkingNDCORE Survey
  • Dakota North Higher Education Consortium for
    Substance Abuse Prevention

2007 Senior Administrators Forum February 21,
2007 Dr. Karin Walton, Director
This forum is made possible by a generous grant
from the
Held in conjunction with the 2007 ND Alcohol
Forum. Space provided by
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