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All About OSHA

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All About OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration Williams-Stieger Act of 1970 Since it was enacted, the following occurred: Workplace fatalities cut by 62 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: All About OSHA


1
All About OSHA
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration

2
Williams-Stieger Act of 1970
  • Since it was enacted, the following occurred
  • Workplace fatalities cut by 62
  • Occupational injuries and illnesses rate declined
    40
  • U. S. employment has doubled and now includes
    nearly 115 million workers at 7 million sites

3
OSHA Establishment
  • to assure so far as possible every working man
    an woman in the nation safe and healthful working
    conditions and to preserve our human resources.
  • The Occupational Safety and Health Act was signed
    by President Richard M. Nixon on December 29,
    1970 and that established the Occupational Safety
    and Health Administration with sole
    responsibility to provide worker safety and
    health protection.

4
Why OSHA is Necessary
  • Until 1970, no uniform or comprehensive
    provisions existed to protect against workplace
    safety and health hazards. At that time
  • Job related accidents produced more than 14,000
    worker fatalities
  • Nearly 3.5 million workers were disabled by work
    related accidents and injuries
  • Ten times as many workdays were lost from
    job-related disabilities as from labor strikes
  • The estimate new cases of occupational diseases
    totaled 300,000.

5
Impact of OSHA
  • Since 1970 and its creation OSHA its many
    partners have
  • Cut the work-related rate by 62
  • Reduced overall injury illness rates by 42
  • Virtually eliminated Brown Lung Disease in the
    textile industry Reduced trenching and excavation
    fatalities by 35

6
OSHAs Continuing Role
  • Despite successes, hazards conditions still
    exist in US workplaces. Each year
  • Almost 6,000 die from workplace injuries
  • Possibly 50,000 die from illnesses from which
    workplace exposures are a contributing factor
  • Nearly 6 million workers suffer non-fatal
    workplace injuries
  • The cost of workplace injuries and illnesses
    total more than 170 billion

7
What OSHA Does
  • OSHA uses three basic strategies
  • Strong, fair effective enforcement
  • Outreach education and compliance assistance
  • Partnerships other cooperative programs

8
Based On The Strategies OSHA
  • Encourages employers and employees to reduce
    workplace hazards
  • Develops mandatory safety and health standards
    enforce them via
  • Inspections
  • Employer assistance
  • Imposing citations, penalties or both
  • Set up cooperative programs, partnerships and
    alliances

9
Based On The Strategies OSHA(continued)
  • Establishes responsibilities and rights for
    employers and employees
  • Support the development of innovative ways of
    dealing with workplace hazards
  • Maintains a reporting and record-keeping system
    to monitor injuries and illnesses
  • Establish training programs for safety
    professionals
  • Provide technical and compliance assistance and
    training and education to employers
  • Partnership with state OSHA Programs
  • Support the Consultation Service of OSHA

10
Who OSHA Covers
  • All private-sector employers and their employees
    in the 50 states and all territories and
    jurisdictions under federal authority. Those
    jurisdictions include the District of Columbia,
    Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Soma,
    Johnson Island, the Canal Zone, and he Outer
    Shelf Lands as defined in the Outer Continental
    Shelf Lands Act.

11
OSHA Coverage Includes
  • Employers and employees in varied fields that
    include but are not limited to
  • Manufacturing Longshoring Law
  • Shipbuilding Ship Breaking MD
  • Ship Repair Agriculture Charity
  • Disaster Relief Organized Labor
  • Private Education and
  • Religious Groups to the extent that they employ
    workers for secular purpose

12
Who Is Not Covered By OSHA
  • The self-employed
  • Immediate members of farming families on farms
    that do not employ outside workers
  • Employees whose working conditions are regulated
    by other federal agencies under other federal
    statutes e.g. mine workers, certain truckers
    transportation workers, atomic energy workers

13
Who Is Not Covered By OSHA
  • Public employees in state and local governments
    some states have their own occupational safety
    and health plans that cover these workers

14
Responsibilities Rights Under the OSH Act
  • Employer Responsibilities They must
  • Meet the general duty clause
  • Keep workers informed about OSHA safety
    health matters with which they are involved
  • Comply, in a responsible manner, with standards,
    rules, regulations issued under the OSH Act
  • Be familiar with mandatory OSHA standards

15
Responsibilities Rights Under the OSH Act
  • Employer Responsibilities They must
  • Make copies of standards available to employees
    roe review upon request
  • Evaluate workplace conditions
  • Minimize or eliminate potential hazards
  • Provide employees safe, properly maintained tools
    equipment, including appropriate PPE, and
    ensure that they use it

16
Responsibilities Rights Under the OSH Act
  • Employer Responsibilities They must
  • Warn employees of potential hazards
  • Establish or update operating procedures
    communicate them to employees
  • Provide medical examinations when required
  • Provide training required by OSHA standards
  • Report within 8 hours any fatality or
    hospitalization of 3 or more employees

17
Responsibilities Rights Under the OSH Act
  • Employer Responsibilities They must
  • Keep OSHA-required work-related injuries and
    illnesses
  • Post a copy of OSHA 300A, Summary of Work-Related
    Injuries Illnesses, for the previous year from
    Feb. 1 to April 30
  • Post, at prominent locations within the
    work-place, the OSHA Its the Law poster (OSHA
    3165) informing employees of their rights
    responsiblities
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