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Defensive Driving Presentation

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Safety Performance Continuation Vehicle Hazards Construction Operations/Environment Construction Vehicle Hazards Three (3) Basic Hazard types: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Defensive Driving Presentation


1

Defensive Driving Presentation (Construction
Vehicle Hazards)
2
Defensive Driving
  • AGENDA
  • Introduction/Statistics
  • Companys Driver Safety Performance
  • Construction Vehicle Hazards
  • Safety Videos
  • 15 Driver Safety Tips (handout)

3
General Discussion WHY DRIVER TRAINING?
  • Driving is something we all do daily.
  • Its the most dangerous thing we do, and is the
    number one killer of those under 50 years of age.
  • Its responsible for over 50 of all work-related
    fatalities.

4
General Discussion Statistics
  • Nationwide
  • 40,000 people die each year!
  • 115 drivers go to work today will never return!
  • Missouri
  • 180,000 Collisions
  • 90,000 Injuries
  • 1,100 Fatalities

5
General Discussion Continuation
  • Missouri Statistics
  • Leading cause of death in ages 5-34
  • Results One injury every 6 minutes
  • Results One death every 7 hours

6
General Discussion Continuation
  • Alcohol /Drug Related Collisions
  • Injuries Recorded
  • 7,000 people were injured
  • 260 people were killed
  • Estimated Cost of 4 billion dollars

7
General Discussion Why Accidents Occur?
  • Most frequent causes of accidents
  • Inattention to detail
  • Speeding
  • DWI/DUI
  • Driving too fast for conditions
  • Failed to yield

8
Driver Safety Accountability
  • Drivers Operators are responsible for safe
    operation of company vehicle equip!
  • Companys name rides with you wherever you go!
  • Company drivers truck becomes advertisement
    that can build good will and respect for your
    company.

9
Safety Performance
10
Continuation
11
Vehicle Hazards
  • Construction Operations/Environment

12
Construction Vehicle Hazards
  • Three (3) Basic Hazard types
  • Operating Hazards
  • Parking Hazards
  • Maintenance Hazards

13
Operating Hazards
  • Types
  • Rollovers
  • Striking workers/pedestrians
  • Striking Overhead Objects (Inadequate clearance)

14
Operating Hazards
  • 1) Rollovers (causes)
  • Exceeding the Load Limits
  • Inadequate loading methods.
  • Operating too fast for conditions!

15
Operating Hazards
  • 2) Striking workers/pedestrian on foot
  • Inadequate brakes
  • Malfunctioning back-up alarms
  • Op. neglects to check blind spot
  • Improperly barricade areas from pedestrian access

16
Operating Hazards
  • 3) Striking overhead objects (causes)
  • Inadequate clearances
  • Knocking down overhead wires and tree branches
  • Cab potentially becomes energized when vehicle
    /equipment hits overhead wires (shock hazards)!

17
Prevention Techniques
  • Best management practices/strategies!

18
Prevention Techniques
  • Strategies (General)
  • Use of hard hats high visibility vests are
    vital!
  • All drivers must be trained in the safe operation
    of vehicle equipment!

19
Preventing Pedestrian Strikes
  • Perform regular maintenance!
  • Brakes must be able to stop and hold fully loaded
    equipment.
  • Verify back-up alarms work!
  • Check for nearby workers before starting machine
    (Circle of Safety)
  • use mirrors!
  • Make sure glass is not distorted.

20
Preventing overhead obstructions
  • Instruct operators to check clearance each time
    they start vehicle equipment.
  • Flag electrical lines to ensure visibility.
  • Maintain a safe distance from electrical lines!

21
Parking Hazards
  • Major Hazard associated with parked construction
    vehicles?
  • Struck by other vehicles (traffic)
  • Employee parking should be away from construction
    work zones!
  • Only Operating construction equipment is
    acceptable!

22
Preventing Parking strikes
  • Park equipment completely off the road (30 feet
    from the traffic)
  • Barricade vehicle and equipment that must stay on
    the road! Lights and flashers should be used as
    well.
  • Set all brakes when vehicles are not in use.

23
Continuation
  • Chock the wheels, especially when vehicles are on
    an incline.
  • Lower the equipment when parking a construction
    vehicle/equipment!

24
Maintenance Hazards
  • Refueling vehicles and equipment? (if so)
  • Provide training on safe procedures for
    refueling, maintenance and repair!
  • Perform lockout/tagout as required
  • Chock disabled equipment!

25
Driver Training
  • Lets watch a VIDEO!!!!!

26
General Discussion Driver Expectations?
  • Company expects high standards of performance,
    including safe driving.
  • Company expects not just safe driving
    performance, but award winning safety
    performance.
  • WHY?
  • Because its possible!!

27
  • Driver Safety Practices
  • (Defensive Driving Safety Tips)

28
15 in 30 1) Pre-Trip Post Trip Inspection
  • Take a walk around your vehicle.
  • Windows clean?
  • Lights/signals clean working.
  • Tires properly inflated / tread wear.
  • Fluid leaks on the ground.
  • Check the level of coolant in radiator
  • Check engine oil, steering fluid and hydraulic
    fluid.

29
Continuation
  • Check the battery
  • Report any broken or defective equipment
  • Verify back up alarm is audible!
  • Make sure steps, catwalks and handholds free from
    grease, ice and loose materials.
  • Check belts! Report any frayed,worn or loose
    belts.

30
15 in 30 2) Inside the Vehicle
  • Check Seat Belts
  • Check Mirrors
  • Check horn, headlights,blinkers, and emergency
    flashers wipers
  • Verify backup alarm is working
  • Check fuel gauges

31
15 in 30 3) Your State Of Mind
  • Mental State
  • Stress / Emotions / Attitudes
  • Drowsiness / Fatigue
  • Vision / Hearing
  • Alcohol

32
Myths about ALCOHOL
  • Myth Coffee will sober up a drinker.
  • Fact Coffee only makes a wide awake drunk.
  • Myth Strenuous exercise will sober up a drinker.
  • Fact Exercise makes a hot, sticky drunk.
  • Myth A cold shower will sober up a drinker.
  • Fact A cold shower only makes a cold, wet drunk.
  • Myth A cold swim will sober up a drinker.
  • Fact A cold swim could result in a dead drunk.

33
The Alcohol Process
  • When ingested, approximately 5 enters the blood
    stream directly thru the mouth and throat
    tissues.
  • 80 is absorbed thru the small intestine after
    passing thru the stomach.
  • Alcohol distributes itself to organs with the
    highest fluid content, concentrating on organs
    with large blood supplies like the brain and
    liver.

34
The Alcohol Process (continued)
  • Alcohol cannot be stored in tissue, and less than
    10 is eliminated by the kidneys, lungs, and
    skin.
  • The liver eliminates the other 90 thru the
    process of oxidation.
  • The liver can eliminate approximately one drink
    per hour.

35
15 in 30 4) Getting the Big Picture
  • Scan the road ahead
  • City (Approx. 1 block)
  • Rural (Approx. 1/4 mile)
  • Keep your eyes moving.
  • Check your mirrors every 5 seconds.

36
15 in 30 5) Following Distance
  • Speed Stopping distance are key.
  • Stay 3 to 4 seconds behind.
  • Tailgaters
  • Avoid quick changes.
  • Increase your following distance.
  • Dont speed up.
  • Avoid tricks. (Control emotions.)

37
15 in 30 6) Lane Changes
  • Check to make sure there is enough room.
  • Signal your intentions.
  • Check your blind spot and space again.
  • Make the lane change.
  • Blind Spots
  • Dont drive in someone elses.
  • Make yourself as visible as possible. (At all
    times)

38
15 in 30 7) Avoiding On-the-Job Problems
  • Entering Job-sites
  • Check area thoroughly
  • Watch for workers in the area
  • Look for obstacles
  • gas meters, phone/power lines, septic systems
  • Get help backing out of tight spots
  • Do not drive sideway on hills

39
15 in 30 8) Right-Of-Way
  • At an intersection, the vehicle on the right has
    the right to go first.
  • NO ONE IS GUARANTEED THE RIGHT OF WAY.

40
15 in 30 9) Backing
  • Use extreme caution!
  • Use a helper (spotter) when possible!
  • Consider using hand signals!
  • Look at your path.
  • Back slowly.
  • Back to the drivers side when possible.

41
15 in 30 10) Ramps (On / Off)
  • Obey speed limits posted.
  • Speed limits designed for autos larger vehicles
    need to go slower.
  • Exits going downhill and turning are particularly
    dangerous.

42
15 in 30 11) Signs
  • Regulatory Signs
  • Warning Signs

43
15 in 30 12) Railroad Crossings
  • The cross buck is found at most public crossings.
  • These signs should be treated in the same manner
    as a yield sign.

44
15 in 30 13) Emergency Vehicles
  • Immediately move to the right of your lane, to
    another lane, or to the shoulder if possible.
  • If moving right is not possible, stay where you
    are. Do not move left.

45
15 in 30 14) Winter Driving
  • IDENTIFYING SLIPPERY SURFACES.
  • Shaded Areas - Shady parts of the road will
    remain icy and slippery after open areas have
    melted.
  • Bridges - Bridges freeze before roads do.
  • Melting Ice - Slight melting will make ice wet.
  • Black Ice - If the temperature is below freezing
    and the road looks wet.
  • Vehicle Ice - Open the window and feel the front
    of the mirror and antenna. (The road is icing up!)

46
15 in 30 15) Accident Reporting
  • Report any accident immediately, no matter how
    minor.
  • Get a police report whenever possible.
  • Complete the vehicle Accident Reporting Kit!
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