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Marijuana Legalization/Decriminalization Andrew Lay Griffin

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Marijuana Legalization/Decriminalization Andrew Lay Griffin McElwee Rachel Burriss History Early History of Cannabis 6000 B.C.: Cannabis seeds used for food in China ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Marijuana Legalization/Decriminalization Andrew Lay Griffin


1
Marijuana Legalization/Decriminalization
  • Andrew Lay
  • Griffin McElwee
  • Rachel Burriss

2
History
3
Early History of Cannabis
  • 6000 B.C. Cannabis seeds used for food in China
  • 1271-1295 Marco Polo first brings the use of
    hashish to Europes attention after his Journeys
  • 1840 Medicinal preparations of cannabis are made
    available in the United States
  • 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act is passed,
    regulating the labeling of products containing
    Alcohol, Opiates, Cocaine, and Cannabis, among
    others

4
Early History Continued
  • 1915-1927 Cannabis begins to be prohibited for
    nonmedical use in the U.S., especially in SW
    states...California (1915), Texas (1919),
    Louisiana (1924), and New York (1927)
  • 1936 Propaganda film Reefer Madness made to
    scare American youth
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vL1jB7RBGVGk

5
Uniform State Narcotic Act (1925-1932)
  • Argued that the traffic of narcotic drugs should
    have the same safeguards and regulation in all
    states
  • By 1930 all states had some regulation of
    cannabis ? Federal Bureau of Narcotics formed for
    regulation

6
1937 Marijuana Tax Act
  • Due largely to the efforts of businessmen, most
    notably Randolph Hearst, who feared that hemp
    would replace timber in the cheap manufacture of
    paper
  • Levied a tax equaling roughly one dollar on
    anyone who dealt commercially in cannabis
    products
  • Did not directly criminalize the possession or
    use of cannabis

7
History of Mandatory Sentencing in the United
States
  • The Boggs Act of 1952 and the Narcotics Control
    Act of 1956 made a first-time cannabis possession
    offense a minimum of two to ten years with a fine
    up to 20,000
  • 1963 Bureau of Narcotics (subsidiary of the
    Department of the Treasury) and Bureau of Drug
    Abuse Control (sub. of the Department of Health)
    combine to form the Bureau of Narcotics and
    Dangerous Drugs (sub. of the Department of
    Justice)
  • Mandatory sentencing repealed again in 1970

8
Reorganization and Strengthening of Policy
  • On July 1, 1973, the Bureau of Narcotics and
    Dangerous Drugs combined with the Office of Drug
    Abuse Law enforcement to form the Drug
    Enforcement Administration (DEA)
  • The Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984 under
    the Reagan Administration created the Sentencing
    Commission
  • The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 reinstated
    mandatory prison sentences and a three-strikes
    law which created mandatory life sentences for
    repeat drug offenders

9
Where we stand as of April 20th 2010
  • Grey not legal
  • Light green medicinally legal
  • Medium green Decriminalized
  • Dark green Both

10
Pros and Cons
11
Pro Legalization/Decriminalization
  • Marijuana is widely used despite laws (NORML)
  • Marijuana is far less dangerous than alcohol or
    tobacco (The Lancet)
  • Enforcement is expensive (NORML)
  • Possibility to collect tax revenue (NORML)
  • Enforcing prohibition results in a vast number of
    arrests (NORML)
  • Marijuana legalization would put an end to the
    crime, corruption, and violence associated with a
    black market (NORML)

12
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13
Pros Continued
  • Prohibition denies medical cannabis to the tens
    of thousands of patients who could benefit from
    its use (NORML)
  • Approximately 98 of the marijuana destroyed by
    the costly Domestic Cannabis Eradication/Suppressi
    on program is actually hemp (NORML)

14
Anti Legalization/Decriminalization
  • While marijuana may be safer than other drugs, it
    is not by any means harmless (Partnership)
  • Marijuana is the primary drug of choice among
    most teens seeking treatment for a drug problem
    (Partnership)
  • Legalization may lead to more people driving
    under the influence (Proposition)
  • Marijuana may be a gateway drug (Partnership)
  • Claims of Marijuanas medicinal value are
    oftentimes unfounded (Partnership)

15
Should the federal government have the right to
enforce anti-drug legislation?
  • Interstate commerce clause
  • Many argue, on the other hand, that, while the
    drug trade is most definitely interstate commerce
    that should be regulated, the federal government
    should not have the right to set minimum
    punishment levels for individual users
  • In addition, others argue that the issue should
    be left entirely up to the states

16
Interest Groups
  • Pro National Organization to Reform Marijuana
    Laws (NORML) has a PAC
  • Con Partnership for a Drug Free America

17
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18
Democratic Party
  • Most members take neutral or pro stance
  • Obama administration against
  • They support many different forms of
    legalization, decriminalization, and medical use.

19
Republican Party
  • The vast majority of the party opposes
    legalization.
  • Some members endorse decriminalization and
    legalization with taxation.
  • Some take the libertarian view point on the issue.

20
U.S. Marijuana Party
  • Founded in 2002, party takes libertarian stance
  • We are Americans, and WE do not piss in a cup
    for anyone
  • Complete legalization of marijuana
  • Believe government is creating genocidal war on
    drugs, and that drug wars will cause more harm
    than the drug itself.

21
Public Opinion
22
Views on LegalizingBy Party
23
Legal or Not?
24
Legalizing and Taxing in Your State?
25
Recent Developments
26
United States vs. Oakland Cannabis Buyers
Cooperative
  • 2001- United States vs Oakland Cannabis Buyer's
    Cooperative- Followed up Proposition 215
  • May 14, 2001- The Supreme Court voted in favor of
    the governments belief that Marijuana should be
    an illegal narcotic.

27
Gonzales vs. Raich
  • 2005- Gonzales vs Raich- The supreme court voted
    6-3 in favor of the Commerce Clause of the United
    States

28
Assembly Bill No. 390 (2009)
  • February 23, 2009, Assembly Bill No. 390 -
    California- The Marijuana Control and Regulation
    Act.

29
California Proposition 19
  • November 2nd, 2010
  • Proposition 19, the Regulate, Control, and Tax
    Cannabis Act
  • Most recent attempt at the legalization of
    Cannabis

30
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