Towards Good REDD Governance - Land, resource rights and local communities in Aceh, Indonesia Patricia Parkinson International Development Law Organization Asia Forest Partnership Dialogue Bali, 28-29 May 2009 www.idlo.int - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Towards Good REDD Governance - Land, resource rights and local communities in Aceh, Indonesia Patricia Parkinson International Development Law Organization Asia Forest Partnership Dialogue Bali, 28-29 May 2009 www.idlo.int

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Title: Towards Good REDD Governance - Land, resource rights and local communities in Aceh, Indonesia Patricia Parkinson International Development Law Organization Asia Forest Partnership Dialogue Bali, 28-29 May 2009 www.idlo.int


1
Towards Good REDD Governance - Land, resource
rights and local communities in Aceh,
IndonesiaPatricia ParkinsonInternational
Development Law OrganizationAsia Forest
Partnership DialogueBali, 28-29 May
2009www.idlo.int
2
Overview
  • The context Deforestation in Aceh
  • IDLO project Natural Resource Management and
    Poverty Reduction- Avoiding Deforestation in
    Aceh, Indonesia - Land, Resource Rights and Local
    Communities.

3
The International Development Law Organization
www.idlo.int
  • International inter-governmental organization
    dedicated to promoting the rule of law and good
    governance in developing countries, countries in
    economic transition and in those emerging from
    armed conflict.
  • IDLO catalyzes legal and institutional reform by
    facilitating the development and implementation
    of reform agendas using a multi-stakeholder
    approach.

4
Deforestation in Aceh
  • Aceh, Indonesias westernmost province,
    population approx. 4 million people
  • Aceh contains over 3 million hectares of forest.
    It is rich in biodiversity and includes some of
    the largest remaining contiguous forested area in
    South East Asia
  • Deforestation rates in Aceh have increased
    significantly following the signature of the
    peace agreement in 2005. Deforestation levels
    have risen from an average of around 20,000 ha
    per year pre-tsunami to over 130,000 ha per year
    in 2005-2006.

5
REDD in AcehAceh Green
  • Governor Irwandi Yusufs Green Economic
    Development and Investment Strategy for Aceh,
    Indonesia (Aceh Green)
  • Moratorium on logging
  • REDD projects fundamental component of Aceh Green

6
REDD Projects in Aceh
  • ULU MASEN ECOSYSTEM
  • REDD PROJECT
  • 750,000 ha
  • 3.3 million carbon credits annually
  • Government of Aceh, Carbon Conservation and FFI
  • Finance generated from the Ulu Masen REDD Project
    will be used to conserve the forests rich
    biodiversity and develop projects for local
    communities.
  • All project proponents are committed to ensuring
    that benefits are equitably shared among
    stakeholders, including forest dependent
    communities and those with customary rights to
    forest land.
  • LEUSER ECOSYSTEM PROJECT REDD PROJECT
  • 2.6 million ha (40 of Aceh land mass)
  • GoA Leuser Ecosystem management Agency SFM Pty
    Ltd,
  • Investment in these areas can be structured to
    generate multiple revenue streams from avoided
    deforestation, sustainable forestry,
    reforestation, afforestation, biomass energy,
    bio-fuels conservation agriculture and ecotourism
    while maintaining and restoring their ecological
    integrity and providing sustainable livelihoods
    to local communities and indigenous people.

7
Local communities Land rights, access to
resources in the context of REDD
  • Land rights and access to resources lie at the
    heart of both Indigenous and local communities
    livelihood and of REDD. For REDD to achieve both
    the sustainable development and poverty
    eradication objectives of the UNFCCC and Kyoto
    Protocol, and their primary objective of climate
    change mitigation, it is essential that land and
    resources issues are addressed and that the
    voices and interests of local, forest-dependant
    communities are heard, considered and protected
    by law.
  • .

8
Anchorage Declaration, April 2009
  • Adopted at the Indigenous Peoples Global Summit
    on Climate Change, Anchorage, Alaska, 20-24 April
    2009
  • Art. 5 All initiatives under Reducing Emissions
    from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) must
    secure the recognition and implementation of the
    human rights of Indigenous Peoples, including
    security of land tenure, ownership, recognition
    of land title according to traditional ways, uses
    and customary laws and the multiple benefits of
    forests for climate, ecosystems, and Peoples
    before taking any action..

9
Good REDD Governance
  • REDD governance refers to decision-making
    processes related to REDD, including how
    decision-makers use their power and how they are
    held accountable for their decisions. It
    encompasses the institutional and legal framework
    of decision-making processes at international,
    national, regional and local levels.
  • Good governance is increasingly recognized as
    central to development. It is a necessary
    condition for foreign investment and economic
    growth, social harmony and sound environmental
    management.
  • Good REDD governance refers to the principles of
    good governance and the rule of law applied to
    REDD, including the principles of effective
    participation, accountability, transparency,
    responsiveness, effectiveness, efficiency and
    equity.
  • Good REDD governance also encompasses the
    principles of Good Forest Governance, but goes
    beyond this concept to cover broader aspects of
    governance relevant to REDD.

10
The project Avoiding Deforestation in Aceh,
Indonesia Land, Resource Rights and Local
Communities
  • In the lead to COP 15, and as part of Part of
    IDLOs Natural Resource Management and Poverty
    Reduction program, this project aims to
  • Strengthen the institutional, policy, legal
    regulatory framework relating to natural
    resources management and land use change, and
    build the local capacity to secure indigenous
    and local communities land rights and access to
    resources in the context of REDD, and
  • Promote Good REDD Governance

11
Communities visited
12
Key Findings and Recommendations
  • Decision-making processes on REDD need involving
    communities
  • ?Consultation with, and involvement of, local
    communities and other stakeholders at very
    initial stages of project development
  • ?Establish a formal and accessible complaints
    mechanism
  • Clarify and increase the role of communities in
    forest management and REDD initiatives
  • ? Raise awareness and access to information on
    REDD to enhance the effectiveness of communities
    involvement
  • ? Capacity building on sustainable forest
    management
  • Regulation is required to clarify the role,
    function and authority of existing adat
    institutions.
  • Strengthen local customary institutional capacity

13
Key Findings and Recommendations
  • REDD capacity building and technical support to
    government
  • Legal drafting
  • Capacity building REDD, Sustainable forest
    management, Investment PPP, Negotiation skills

14
Key Findings and Recommendations
  • Weak land tenure security
  • Land ownership records incomplete, inconsistent
    or absent
  • Unclear boundary demarcations and absence of
    mukim or community map
  • High risks of land disputes and conflicts
  • REDD projects to include a land titling
    component
  • All communal customary land should be recorded,
    inventoried and mapped
  • Dispute resolution mechanism

15
Where to from here
  • IDLO project phase II acting on some of the
    recommendations
  • Capacity building on REDD and Good REDD
    Governance for the Government of Aceh
  • Capacity building for local civil society, for
    them to raise awareness and capacity at the
    community level
  • Technical assistance to the government of Aceh
  • Foster multi-stakeholders approach
  • Support the development of best participatory
    approach with publication of a REDD and
    Participatory Process Best Practice publication
  • Bring the lessons learnt from Aceh to a national
    (Indonesia) level and international level
    (Copenhagen).

16
.
  • For more information and follow up on project and
    publication
  • www.idlo.int ltWhere we workgt ltIndonesia project
    office (Banda Aceh)gt
  • THANK YOU !
  • TERIMA KASIH !
  • IDLO Avoiding Deforestation in Aceh Project
    team
  • In Aceh
  • Jane Dunlop, International team leader and
    research lead researcher
  • Basyuni, Project and Research Officer
  • Kurniawan S., Research Consultant
  • Fadhillah Hanum, Finance and Administration
    Officer
  • In Sydney
  • Patricia Parkinson, Project Manager
  • pparkinson_at_idlo.int
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