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Elements of Literature


Elements of Literature Plot: the organizing principle; the author s deliberate arrangements of incidents and events which tell the story. Flashbacks Events prior ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Elements of Literature

Elements of Literature
  • Plot the organizing principle the authors
    deliberate arrangements of incidents and events
    which tell the story.
  • FlashbacksEvents prior to the story.
  • Plot Structure

Rising Action
Elements of Literature
  • Exposition the background information about the
    story and the current situation introduces us to
    the characters, conflicts, and setting.
  • Rising action the conflicts become more
    pronounced, complications may occur introduces
    us to additional characters/supporting characters.

Elements of Literature Review
  • Climax the moment of greatest emotional tension
    everything changes afterwards when two opposing
    forces go head to head and only one comes out a

Elements of Literature Review
  • Falling Action events right after the climax.
  • Resolution/Denoument the loose ends are tied up
    the conflict is resolved.

Elements of Literature
  • EpiphanyAn enlightenment or revelation leading
    to a change in character.
  • ForeshadowingA hint of what is to come.

Elements of Literature
  • Character a fictional person within a story.
  • Characterization The method by which an author
    creates the appearance and personality of an
    imaginary person. It may be accomplished by an
    author showing us or telling us about the

Elements of Literature
  • Protagonist the main or central character(s) who
    engage(s) our interest/sympathy.
  • Antagonist The person or force working against
    the protagonist (can be an aspect of the
    characters persona or personality).
  • Foil a contrast or opponent to the protagonist.

Elements of Literature
  • Dynamic character a character who changes as a
    result of the events in the story.
  • Static character a character who does not

Elements of Literature
  • Flat character a character who has only one or
    two characteristics.
  • Round character a well-developed character, a
    character who has more complexity/depth

Elements of Literature
  • Point of view who tells the story and how it is
    told can be first person, second person, or
    third person (I went, you went, she went. May be
  • Omniscient inside all characters minds.
  • Limited from the single perspective of one major
    or minor character.
  • Objective detached and impersonal.

Elements of Literature
  • Conflicts the struggle between opposing forces.
  • External conflict physical struggles with a
    formidable foe or the ever present dangers of
    nature, society, or individuals.
  • Internal conflict a moral or psychological issue
    that must be resolved.

Elements of Literature
  • Man vs. man (society) the struggle of the main
    character against another character (external

Elements of Literature
  • Man vs. naturethe main character is in conflict
    against nature physical struggle against
    nature(external conflict).
  • Man vs. selfthe main character struggles against
    himself or herself (internal conflict).

Elements of Literature
  • Setting the time, place, atmosphere, and social
    environment in which the story takes place.
  • Tone The authors attitude towards the people,
    places, and events in the story.

Elements of Literature
  • Symbol Anything that signifies, or stands for,
    something else. Symbols can be an object, a
    place, a character, or an action that stands for
    or suggest something abstract.

  • Conventional symbol One familiar to everyone,
    such as a flag or a cross.
  • Literary symbol Only in the context does this
    symbol have a deeper meaning
  • Irony an event, thing, person that is not what
    it seems to be. May include

Elements of Literature
  • Verbal irony Saying one thing, but meaning
  • Situational irony the difference between what is
    expected and what really happens.

Elements of Literature
  • Dramatic irony Difference between what is
    believed or said in the story and what the reader
    knows (we may know more than the character).

  • Theme May be called the moral or purpose of the
    story. The unifying point of organization .
  • Imagery the making of pictures with words
    through a collection of images. Imagery appeals
    to the sense of taste, smell, hearing, touch,
    sight, as well as internal feelings.
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