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Agricultural Leadership

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Agricultural Leadership Public Speaking Lesson s 2-26 Parliamentary Procedure 27-42 Program of Activities 43-73 Community Development Economic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Agricultural Leadership


1
Agricultural Leadership
  • Public Speaking Lesson slides 2-26
  • Parliamentary Procedure 27-42
  • Program of Activities 43-73

2
Prepared Public Speaking
  • Things to consider when writing, preparing for,
    and giving a public speech.

3
Introduction
  • Speeches are given to inform the audience,
    persuade the audience, or to integrate the
    members of an audience.
  • People also listen for the same reasons
  • Speaking skills increase a persons effectiveness
    and influence the decision of others.
  • Speaking in public is an art form nearly as old
    as humanity itself.
  • Effective public speaking is INFLUENCE.
  • INFLUENCE IS LEADERSHIP!!

4
PLANNING A SPEECH
  • As as a speech is planned, consider the following
  • PURPOSE
  • AUDIENCE
  • OCCASION
  • If you can empathize with the audience, you will
    be able to plan a better speech!

5
Analyze the Audience
  • Find out as much information as possible about
    the audience.
  • It will be helpful to know the following in
    advance.
  • in group
  • Ages
  • Interests
  • Formal or informal
  • Setting
  • Time frame
  • Room size
  • Place on program

6
Analyze the Audience
  • Keep in mind the following 3 questions when
    analyzing your audience
  • To whom am I speaking?
  • What do I want them to know, believe, or do as a
    result of my speech?
  • 3. What is the most effective way of composing or
    presenting my speech to accomplish my aim?

7
Select a Topic
  1. Choose a topic that interests you.
  2. Choose a topic in which you are knowledgeable or
    want to become knowledgeable.
  3. Choose a topic of interest to your audience.

8
FFA Topic Areas
  • When searching for a topic for an FFA speech
    consider using these three general areas
  • Production Agriculture
  • Agribusiness
  • Agriscience

9
Brainstorming
  • List topics within each area that interest you.
  • Jot down words or phrases you know related to
    those topic areas.
  • Spend no more than two minutes on each topic
    area.
  • This process is called brainstorming.
  • Example Chicken

10
Gather Information
  • Benjamin Franklin once said
  • An empty bag cannot stand upright.
  • Without solid material, your speech will fold
    like Franklins bag.
  • Start research by checking personal books and
    magazines.
  • Consult organizations and experts.
  • Do research in a library and use the librarian
    to help you search.

11
Gather Information
  • If the subject is controversial, make sure to get
    expert opinions from both sides of the issue.
  • Speakers can find quotations to support their
    ideas in sources such as
  • Bartletts Familiar Quotes
  • Brewers Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
  • Oxford Dictionary of Quotations
  • Grangers Index to Poetry

12
Record your Ideas
  • When gathering material, write each item of
    information on a note card with
  • Name of Source
  • Page
  • Author
  • Use quotations and statistics when they are
    needed to make a point.

13
Make an Outline
  1. To help you recognize the speechs strengths and
    weaknesses.
  2. To help you organize and develop your ideas.
  3. To help you save time when writing the speech.

14
Outline Format
  • Main Points are indicated by Roman Numbers ( I,
    II, V, VI)
  • Major Subdivisions by capitol letters (A, B)
  • Minor subheadings by Arabic numbers (1,2)
  • Further subdivision by lower case letters
    (a,b,c,d,k,t,)

15
Outline Example
  • TITLE
  • INTRODUCTION
  • BODY
  • First Main Point
  • Sub point 1
  • Sub point 2
  • Second Main Point
  • Sub point 1
  • Sub point 2
  • CONCLUSION

16
WRITE THE SPEECH
  • Write the way you talk!
  • Write the Body of the Speech first.
  • Begin with the main points.
  • Arrange them in logical order or sequence.
  • Then write the Introduction.
  • Finally, write the conclusion

17
Write the Speech
  • Words, are the garments with whish speakers
    clothe their ideas. J. Regis OConnor
  • Wise speakers choose their words carefully.
  • Choose effective language.
  • Refrain from using statements that defame other
    people or organizations. (Ethical Issues)

18
Introduction
  • Do something to gain the audiences attention
  • Tell a joke
  • Pound the speakers stand
  • Make a loud noise
  • Ask a question
  • Tell a story
  • Use a quotation
  • Use a personal reference
  • Create suspense
  • Give a compliment

19
Introduction
  • The introduction must grab the attention of the
    audience, but it must also focus on the goal of
    the speech.

20
CONCLUSION
  • Alls Well that Ends Well - Shakespeare
  • The conclusion offers the speaker on ed last
    opportunity to remind the audience of the speech
    content.
  • Summarize the main points.
  • Use a story.
  • Be humorous.
  • Appeal and
  • Make an emotional impact.

21
Practice the Speech
  • Practice Time Limits
  • Practice Methods
  • School Classes and Teachers
  • Home and Mirror
  • Auditorium
  • Civic Organizations
  • THE VIDEO CAMERA

22
THINGS THAT NEED PRACTICE
  • Your Smile
  • Gestures
  • Head and Eyes
  • Sincerity

23
Present the Speech
  • A good speech starts with good preparation.
  • Things to consider when giving speech
  • Salutation
  • Being Deliberate
  • Using the Hands (Need to appear natural)
  • Using the Body (Do not sway, rock, fidget)
  • Humor
  • Dress and Physical Appearance
  • Where to stand
  • Notes
  • Special Considerations

24
Answer Questions
  • If you are asked questions afterwards, keep the
    following in mind
  • Be deliberate, take time to think through answer
    and then reply.
  • Be complete
  • Answer with confidence
  • If you do not know the answer, says so without
    hesitation, do not bluff.
  • If you did not hear or did not understand the
    questions, ask the person to repeat or rephrase.

25
FINALLY, Listen and Evaluate
  • Evaluate speeches and presentation after each
    time.
  • Evaluation allows for an analysis of where the
    speech went right and/or wrong.

26
Other Points To Consider
  • Keep the voice well modulated, use variety of
    pitch and tone.
  • Strive for correct pronunciation and enunciate
    clearly.
  • Cultivate a sincere interest in people.
  • Constantly strive to increased your vocabulary.
  • Open the speech with a sentence that will secure
    the attention of the audience.
  • End the speech in a forceful manner.
  • Take appropriate pauses and don not allow
    yourself to run out of breath.
  • Maintain good posture while speaking.

27
Parliamentary Procedure
28
What is it??
  • Code of ethics for individuals to follow and
    conduct business in groups.
  • Democratic
  • Majority Rules

29
5 Ways to Vote
  • Voice
  • Roll call
  • Show of Hands
  • General Consent
  • Ballot

30
Voting
  • Majority Vote most common type
  • Majority vote one more than half of the votes
    cast.
  • Chair can vote by ballot only or when there is a
    tie.

31
Types of Motions
  • Privileged
  • Incidental
  • Subsidiary
  • Unclassified
  • Main

32
Privileged Motion
  • Do not relate to the pending question but take
    precedence over all other questions because they
    are of immediate importance.
  • Ex. Adjourn, Recess

33
Incidental Motions
  • Arise out of another question that is pending on
    the floor.
  • Ex. Appeal, Point of Order, Suspend the Rules

34
Subsidiary Motions
  • Applied to other motions for the purpose of
    disposing them.
  • Ex. Lay on the table, Postpone, Refer to
    committee

35
Unclassified Motions
  • Motions that cannot be classified.
  • Ex. Take from the table, Reconsider, Rescind

36
Main Motion
  • Bring items of business before the group for its
    consideration and action.
  • Lowest ranking motion of the five motions.
  • Only one main motion can be on the floor at one
    time.

37
6 Steps of Making a Motion
  • 1 Get recognition from the chair and make a
    motion by using the words, I Move.
  • 2 Another member must second the motion.
  • 3 Chair restates the motion by saying It has
    been moved and seconded that we..

38
6 Steps continued.
  • 4 The chair asks for discussion and the members
    debate on the motion.
  • 5 Chair asks for the affirmative votes first
    and then the negative votes.
  • 6 Chair announces results of vote taken.

39
Amendment
  • Purpose is to change the words or meaning of the
    original motion.

40
5 Ways to Amend a Motion
  • Adding words
  • Striking words
  • Striking and inserting words
  • Substituting/Replacing
  • Dividing the motion into two or more motions.

41
Table of Common Motions
  • Please see handout!

42
Review
  • Define parliamentary procedure in your own words.
  • Make a motion using the correct method.
  • Amend the motion using one of the five methods.
  • Select any three common motions and use them
    correctly.

43
The Program of Activities
44
The Road Map
45
What is a POA anyway?
46
What is a POA anyway?
  • Planning Tool

47
What is a POA anyway?
  • Planning Tool
  • Way to Evaluate and Improve Chapter Activities

48
What is a POA anyway?
  • Planning Tool
  • Way to Evaluate and Improve Chapter Activities
  • Road Map for the Year

49
3 Divisions of the POA
50
Each Division has 5 Committees with 1 Chairperson.
  • The chairperson works with the chapter officers
    to insure all goals are met.

51
3 Divisions of the POA
  • Division I
  • Student Development

52
Student Development
  • Leadership

53
Student Development
  • Leadership
  • Healthy Lifestyle

54
Student Development
  • Leadership
  • Healthy Lifestyle
  • SAE

55
Student Development
  • Leadership
  • Healthy Lifestyle
  • SAE
  • Scholarships

56
Student Development
  • Leadership
  • Healthy Lifestyle
  • SAE
  • Scholarships
  • Ag Career Skills

57
Student Development
58
3 Divisions of the POA
  • Division II
  • Chapter Development

59
Chapter Development
  • Recruitment

60
Chapter Development
  • Recruitment
  • Financial

61
Chapter Development
  • Recruitment
  • Financial
  • Public Relations

62
Chapter Development
  • Recruitment
  • Financial
  • Public Relations
  • Leadership

63
Chapter Development
  • Recruitment
  • Financial
  • Public Relations
  • Leadership
  • Support Group

64
Chapter Development
65
3 Divisions of the POA
  • Division III
  • Community Development

66
Community Development
  • Economic

67
Community Development
  • Economic
  • Environmental

68
Community Development
  • Economic
  • Environmental
  • Human Resources

69
Community Development
  • Economic
  • Environmental
  • Human Resources
  • Citizenship

70
Community Development
  • Economic
  • Environmental
  • Human Resources
  • Citizenship
  • Ag Awareness

71
Community Development
72
The Program of Activities
Division I Student Development Committee I
Leadership Purpose To provide leadership
activities that help individual members develop
technical, human relation, and decision-making
skills to enhance personal success .Committee
Chairman Sarah Clemmons
Activities Completion Date Income Cost Goals
Parliamentary Procedure Nov.16, 2001 0.00 25.00 To instruct or teach parliamentary procedure so our members will be educated in proper meeting procedures.
Area One Leadership School Sept. 18, 2001 0.00 20.00 Officers will be taught how to encourage members and be more enthusiastic about our organization.
Made for Excellence Conference Oct. 6-7, 2001 0.00 200.00 To enhance the leadership qualities of our members and to give them new goals to reach for.
State FFA Convention June 11-14, 2002 0.00 800.00 To recognize the accomplishments of all chapters within the state.
Officer training session Dec.1, 2001 0.00 25.00 To help our officers be organized and perform specified duties.
73
Plan Activities that Provide
  • A Balance of Activities Inside and Outside the
    Classroom
  • Opportunities for Developing Self- Confidence
    and Responsibility
  • Hands-on
  • Leadership Skills
  • Recognition
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