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The Study of Engineering

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Title: The Study of Engineering


1
The Study of Engineering
  • Based on Ray Landis Studying Engineering

2
  • The good news is that engineering education in
    the United States appears to be undergoing a
    revolution. We are in the process of a shift from
    the sink or swim paradigm to one of student
    development. Engineering colleges across the
    nation are revising their freshman-year curricula
    with the primary goal of enhancing student
    success.

3
  • The basic premise of this book is that a small
    amount of time spent working with students on how
    to be effective early on can have an enormous
    payoff through the remainder of their college
    experience.
  • Raymond B. Landis June, 1995

4
Goal Setting
  • You must set goals for yourself!
  • Immediate goals
  • Short term goals
  • Long term goals

5
Immediate Goals
  • Completing home assignments by the time they are
    due.
  • Reading the assigned material before it is
    discussed in class.
  • Preparing for the lab exercises beforehand.
  • Preparing for the next exam!
  • Going to bed, getting a good nights sleep, being
    fully prepared to face the next day of classes.

6
Short Term Goals
  • Getting an A in Egr 101.
  • Getting an A in each and every one of my other
    courses this semester.
  • Getting through the semester successfully!
  • Successfully participating in extracurricular
    activities.
  • Learning about the Engineering profession by
    participating in student Engineering societies.

7
Long Term Goals
  • Graduating with a Bachelors degree in
    Engineering.
  • Getting a position as an engineer.
  • Becoming as proficient and engineer as you can
    be.
  • Becoming a leader in the engineering community.
  • Becoming a leader in the general community.

8
Words of Wisdomfrom Marc H. Richman
  • Find a profession which you love!
  • Dont set your goal to be as rich as Bill Gates
    unless you love the career path you have chosen
    and can be as generous with your wealth as Bill.
  • There is nothing worse than working at a job you
    hate just for the money unless that is the only
    available job, Then use it as a stepping stone
    to a more desirable job.

9
Words of Wisdom (contd)
  • Remember the advice of Don Quixote and dream the
    impossible dream.
  • You have already started a marathon of
    professional life. Strive to be the first across
    the finish line. If you cant be first, do not
    quit the race.

10
Words of Wisdom (contd)
  • When I graduated high school and was set to enter
    MIT in the Fall, the only Summer job I could get
    was unloading leather hides from railroad cars in
    South Boston. I was paid 70 cents an hour and
    worked 6 days a week, 12 hours per day.
  • I would bend over next to the railroad car and
    three leather hides would be placed on my back.
    I would walk bent over to the freight elevator
    and carry the hides to the proper floor in the
    factory. At the end of the day I could barely
    straighten out to walk to the subway.

11
Words of Wisdom (contd)
  • I hated that job with a passion, but I needed the
    money for tuition, did not miss a single day of
    work, and worked overtime whenever possible.
  • I told my mother that the job taught me an
    important lesson.
  • No matter how tough MIT would be for me, I would
    succeed because I would never want to spend my
    life unloading hides from railroad cars!

12
Greatest Engineering Achievements of 20th Century
  • The following is a listing of the Greatest
    Engineering Achievements presented by Neil
    Armstrong at the National Press Club in
    Washington, D.C. on February 22, 2000.
  • 20 - High Performance Materials
  • 19 - Nuclear Technologies
  • 18 - Laser and Fiber Optics
  • 17 - Petroleum and Gas Technologies
  • 16 - Health Technologies
  • 15 - Household Appliances

13
  • 14 - Imaging Technologies
  • 13 - Internet
  • 12 - Space Exploration
  • 11 - Interstate Highways
  • 10 - Air Conditioning and Refrigeration
  • 9 - Telephone
  • 8 - Computers
  • 7 - Agricultural Mechanization

14
  • 6 - Radio and Television
  • 5 - Electronics
  • 4 - Safe and Abundant Water
  • 3 - Airplane
  • 2 - Automobile
  • 1 - Electrification

15
Social Impact
  • just about everything engineers do benefits
    society in some way. Engineers develop
    transportation systems that help people and
    products move about so easily. Engineers design
    the buildings we live and work in. Engineers
    devise the systems that deliver our water and
    electricity, design the machinery that produces
    our food, and develop the medical equipment that
    keeps us healthy. Almost everything we use was
    made possible by engineers.

16
  • opportunities exist for engineers to use their
    expertise in projects designed to clean up the
    environment, develop prosthetic aids, develop
    clean and efficient transportation systems, find
    new sources of energy, solve the worlds hunger
    problems, and improve the standard of living in
    underdeveloped countries.

17
Financial Security
  • If you do become an engineer, you will be
    rewarded financially. Engineers, even in
    entry-level positions, are well paid. In fact,
    engineering graduates receive the highest
    starting salary of any discipline, as shown in
    the data below for 2005/06 13.

18
  • Beginning Offers to 2005/06 Graduates
  • Discipline Avg.
    Salary
  • Engineering 51,465
  • Computer Sciences      49,680
  • Engineering Technology     
    48,514
  • Nursing      45,347
  • Business      41,900
  • Mathematics and Sciences     
    38,217
  • Agriculture Natural Resources      33,716
  • Education      32,438
  • Humanities Social Sciences     
    31,290
  • .

19
Engineering DisciplinesMajor Disciplines
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Computer Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

20
Other Engineering Disciplines
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Materials/Metallurgical Engineering
  • Architectural Engineering
  • Agricultural Engineering
  • Systems Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering

21
  • Marine/Ocean Engineering
  • Engineering Physics
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Engineering Management
  • Nuclear Engineering
  • Mining Engineering
  • Manufacturing Engineering
  • Ceramic Engineering

22
  • Within each of these disciplines there are many
    subdisciplines.
  • There are 29 technical societies within IEEE
  • There are 37 technical divisions within ASME.
  • There are 11 technical divisions within ASCE.
  • There are 18 divisions and fiormuns within AIChE.
  • There are 11 technical societies and divisions
    within IIE.

23
Computer EngineeringKnowledge Areas
  • Algorithms
  • Computer architecture and organization Computer
    systems engineering
  • Circuits and signals
  • Database systems
  • Digital logic
  • Digital signal processing
  • Electronics
  • Embedded systems

24
  • Human-computer interaction
  • Computer networks
  • Operating systems
  • Programming fundamentals
  • Social and professional issues
  • Software engineering
  • VLSI design and fabrication
  • Discrete structures
  • Probability and statistics

25
Electrical Engineering
  • Electrical engineering (including computer
    engineering) is the largest of all engineering
    disciplines. According to U.S. Department of
    Labor statistics, of the 1.4 million engineers
    working with the occupational title of engineer
    in the U.S. in 2005, 353,000 (26 percent) were
    electrical and computer engineers 9. Electrical
    engineers are concerned with electrical devices
    and systems and with the use of electrical
    energy.

26
Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanical engineering is currently the second
    largest engineering discipline (behind the
    combined discipline of electrical and computer
    engineering) in terms of the number of graduates
    annually and the third largest in terms of the
    number of employed engineers. According to the
    U.S. Department of Labor 9, of the 1.4 million
    engineers in 2005, 221,000 (15.9 percent) were
    mechanical engineers. Mechanical engineering is
    also one of the oldest and broadest engineering
    disciplines.

27
  • Mechanical engineers design tools, engines,
    machines, and other mechanical equipment. They
    design and develop power-producing machines such
    as internal combustion engines, steam and gas
    turbines, and jet and rocket engines. They also
    design and develop power-using machines such as
    refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment,
    robots, machine tools, materials handling
    systems, and industrial production equipment.

28
Civil Engineering
  • Civil engineering is the currently the third
    largest engineering field in terms of graduates
    annually and the second largest in terms of
    working engineers. According to the U.S.
    Department of Labor 9, of the 1.4 million
    engineers working in the U.S. in 2005, 230,000
    (16.4 percent) were civil engineers. Civil
    engineering is the oldest branch of engineering,
    with major civil engineering projects dating back
    more than 5,000 years.

29
  • Today, civil engineers plan, design, and
    supervise the construction of facilities
    essential to modern life. Projects range from
    high-rise buildings to mass transit systems, from
    airports to water treatment plants, from space
    telescopes to off-shore drilling platforms.

30
Computer Engineering
  • Computer engineering is a relatively new field.
    The first accredited computer engineering program
    in the U.S. was established in 1971 at Case
    Western Reserve University. Since then, however,
    computer engineering has experienced rapid
    growth. It currently ranks fourth in terms of
    B.S. degrees conferred among engineering
    disciplines And that growth is expected to
    continue in response to the needs of a world that
    will become increasingly computer centered. One
    indication of the current demand for computer
    engineers is that the average starting salary for
    computer engineering graduates in 2005/06 was
    53,096 compared to the average for all
    engineering graduates of 51,465 13.

31
Chemical Engineering
  • Chemical engineers combine their engineering
    training with a knowledge of chemistry to
    transform the laboratory work of chemists into
    commercial realities. They are most frequently
    involved in designing and operating chemical
    production facilities and manufacturing
    facilities that use chemicals (or chemical
    processes) in their production of goods.

32
Industrial Engineering
  • Industrial engineers determine the most effective
    ways for an organization to use its various
    resourcespeople, machines, materials,
    information, and energyto develop a process,
    make a product, or provide a service. Their work
    does not stop there, however, for they also
    design and manage the quality control programs
    that monitor the production process at every
    step. They also may be involved in facilities and
    plant design, along with plant management and
    production engineering.

33
Bioengineering
  • Bioengineering is a wide-ranging field,
    alternatively referred to as biomedical
    engineering, which was created some 40 years ago
    by the merging interests of engineering and the
    biological/medical sciences. Bioengineers work
    closely with health professionals in the design
    of diagnostic and therapeutic devices for
    clinical use, the design of prosthetic devices,
    and the development of biologically compatible
    materials.

34
Physics
  • Physicists study the basic workings of the
    universe.
  • They study subatomic particles.
  • They study astronomical bodies.
  • They study everything in between.
  • Engineers apply the knowledge provided by
    physicists to the everyday needs of society.

35
Approaches to Problemsof the various disciplines
  • No matter what the discipline, the basic approach
    is the same.
  • Define and specify the problem including the need
    for a solution.
  • Collect data and information on the problem and
    prior attempts to solve it.
  • Develop alternate solutions.

36
  • Evaluate alternate solutions
  • Selection of the most optimal solution.
  • Implementation of the optimal solution.
  • Feedback and refinement of optimal solution.
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