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Early Explorers

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Marco Polo was an Italian explorer. In 1254 he was born from Venice. He was named after his ... He worked for Kublai Khans the emperor of Mongol for 17 years. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Early Explorers


1
Early Explorers
  • Presented by
  • Chelsie Perez
  • Samantha Romero
  • December 13, 2005

2
Marco Polo
  • Marco Polo was an Italian explorer. In 1254 he
    was born from Venice. He was named after his
    Uncle. As he grew older he gained the ability to
    read and write.
  • He was 17 when he traveled to China with his
    Uncle and father in 1271.
  • He worked for Kublai Khans the emperor of Mongol
    for 17 years. (Until he was 34.)He sailed back to
    his home in 1288.

3
Cont. Marco
  • He met Rustichello, a famous writer.
  • He wrote about Marco Polos adventures called
    the book of travels. His book retrieved
    Europeans some of their earliest information
    about China. He was 70 when he died in 1334.

4
Amerigo Vespucci 1454
  • Born March 18,1454 in Florence, Italy.
  • In 1492 he was sent out to Seville, Spain so that
    he could help Spanish ships gather the supplies
    that was needed for their journey.
  • On Columbuss third and fourth expedition to the
    New World (Or South America) Amerigo supplied his
    ship with tools and food.

5
Amerigo 1497
  • In 1497 he named the new continent America.
  • In 1499 Amerigo sailed from Spain in 4 ships
    commanded by a man who had sailed with Columbus
    on his second voyage and this mans name was
    Alonso de Ojeda. When they reached the North
    coast of South America Ojeda and Amerigo went
    their separate ways.
  • He was the first European to see brazil also to
    explore the mouth of the Amazon river.

6
Amerigo 1501
  • In May of 1501 he sailed to service Portugal. On
    his trip he went near the east tip of Brazil.
  • When Amerigo had reached Argentina he made a
    prediction of how big the earth was and guessed
    within 50 miles of its actual size!
  • Amerigo was 60 when he died in 1512.

7
Hernando Cortez
  • He was born in a small town I like to call
    Medillin in southwestern Spain in 1485.
  • Cortez was also a soldier and a farmer before he
    sailed for Diego Velasquez to help conquer Cuba
    in 1511.
  • Velasquez became the governor and Cortez got
    elected mayor-judge of Santiago.
  • Velasquez soon suspected Hernando would go beyond
    his orders and cancel the expedition.

8
Cortez continued
  • He rounded the peninsula at Yucatan and touched
    Mexico on the coast of what is now called the
    state of Tabasco.
  • During the battle or war with Indians there,
    Cortez took many captives including a young Aztec
    princess. She became interpreter and advisor.

9
Cortez continues again
  • Cortez continued up north .On April 21,1519,
    Cortez landed near the site of Vera Cruz.
  • There to prevent all thought of retreat, he
    burned his ships. Leaving a small force on the
    coast. Cortez led the rest of his men into an
    interior.

10
Cortez continues again
  • A warlike tribe of natives attacked his
    celebration (party).
  • The Indians outnumbered the Spaniards 300-1.
  • On November 8,1519, Hernando reached Tenochtitlan
    (now Mexico city) and was happily received by
    Montezuma, the Aztecs emperor.

11
Cortez continues even more
  • Velasquez sent 1,400 soldiers to arrest Cortez
    and bring him back to Cuba. He defeated this army
    and most of the survivors joined his group.
  • Cortez returned to the Aztec capital,
    Tenochtitlan. As Hernando and his men got to the
    heart of the city. They were attacked by Aztec
    warriors.

12
Cortez continues again
  • Montezuma was brought out to pacify his people,
    but they stoned him, and later he died of his
    wounds.
  • His army was surrounded and apparently doomed,
    but Cortez and three other managed to get to the
    chieftain of the Aztecs and killed him.

13
Hernando continues again
  • Confused by this apparent miracle, the Aztecs
    retreated. With less than 500 of his men left
    alive, Cortez, in July of 1520, made his way back
    to his Indian allies.
  • Cortez attacked tenochtitlan again by boat or
    (ship) the fallowing May. On August 13, 1521,
    Guatomic, the new Aztec emperor, surrendered.
    That was the end of the wonderful empire of the
    Aztecs.

14
Cortez continues again again
  • He returned to Mexico as a military commander,
    Cortez explored lower California from 1534-1535
    and fought the pirates Algiers in 1541. The same
    year he was a leader in an expedition against the
    Maya of Yucatan.
  • Cortez died near Seville on December 2, 2005.

15
Francisco Vasquez De Coronado
  • Francisco was born in 1510 in Salamanca, Spain he
    left home because his parents promised to the
    family fortune to his older brother.
  • In 1531 he sailed to Mexico with Antonio De
    Mendoza, the colony's 1st admiral. He became one
    of the governors of the new galacia (One of the
    Spanish colonies in the new world.

16
Francisco continues
  • Between 1536-1539, admiral Mendoza heard stories
    about the seven cities of gold were made of gold,
    and jewels, he sent me on an expedition to find
    them and claim the wealth for Spain.
  • Some of my army coped inside the villages of
    Cibolo and some made separate trips to find the
    gold.

17
Francisco continues again
  • Francisco was the first Europeans to travel up
    north to the Rio Grande. He found many Indian
    settlements and discovered the grand canyon. In
    spring Francisco led his army south across what
    is now called Texas. He went to Kansas in search
    of the gran Quivera, a land reported to be rich
    in gold or silver.
  • Admiral Mendoza wasn't happy that Francisco and
    the people that were with him didnt return
    without any riches. But Admiral Mendoza realized
    that Francisco worked very hard.
  • After that he made Francisco the governor of a
    new world.
  • And he died when he was 44 in 1554.

18
  • The End
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