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SS7H3e Explain the reasons for foreign involvement in Korea and Vietnam in terms of containment of Communism. .

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SS7H3e Explain the reasons for foreign involvement in Korea and Vietnam in terms of containment of Communism. . Concepts: Conflict Creates Change – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SS7H3e Explain the reasons for foreign involvement in Korea and Vietnam in terms of containment of Communism. .


1
SS7H3e Explain the reasons for foreign
involvement in Korea and Vietnam in terms of
containment of Communism. .
  • Concepts
  • Conflict Creates Change
  • Conflict Resolution

2
The student will understand that when there is
conflict between or within societies, change is
the result. When you have conflicts with your
friends does it change your friendship? Can
change have intended and / or unintended
consequences? Can change be positive and / or
negative?
  • Conflict Creates Change

3
The student will understand that when there is
conflict between or within societies, change is
the result. Was there conflict between Vietnam
and France? How did the Vietnamese gain their
independence? Did ALL Vietnamese people want
communism as the form of government?
  • Conflict Creates Change

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Indo-China
  • former French colony located in Southeast Asia
    that consisted of the modern countries of
    Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam

6
Reunification
  • attempt to unify a country split by political
    differences ex.- China and Taiwan, North and
    South Korea

7
Vietnam War
  • after WWII, the Japanese were forced to leave
    Southeast Asia the French saw this as an
    opportunity to reclaim Indo-China (Vietnam, Laos,
    Cambodia) the Vietnamese, however, wanted
    self-rule the French were defeated and an
    international peace conference divided Vietnam at
    the 17th Parallel (N) non-communist South
    Vietnam fought against communist North Vietnam
    for control of the country North Vietnam was
    supported by China and the Soviet Union South
    Vietnam was supported by the U.S.

8
ARE YOU READY FOR A BRAINPOP EPISODE ABOUT THE
COLD WAR?

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1960s and early 1970s The Vietnam War
  • With a goal of stopping the spread of communism
    (policy of containment) in Southeast Asia
    the United States replaced France in South
    Vietnam after France was unable to keep Vietnam
    as a colony.
  • North Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh was
    determined to reunite Vietnam under a communist
    government, while U.S. President Lyndon B.
    Johnson was determined to prevent the spread of
    communism into South Vietnam.

12
The Vietnam War Causes
  • French desire to reclaim Indochina (Vietnam,
    Laos, and Cambodia) after the Japanese
    surrendered these territories after World War II
    results in the First Indochina War in which
    Vietnams communist / nationalist forces defeated
    the French.

HO CHI MINH VIETNAMS INDEPENDENCE AND COMMUNIST
LEADER
13
The Vietnam War Causes
  • Division of Vietnam at the 17th parallel
    separated by demilitarized zone with Communist
    forces led by Ho Chi Minh in the north and
    non-communist forces in the south
  • Both wanted Reunification (but under the THEIR
    government)

14
The Vietnam War Causes
  • The policy of containment by western democracies
    to keep communism from spreading in Asia created
    more Cold War tensions, also part of the Domino
    Theory.

15
ARE YOU READY FOR A BRAINPOP EPISODE ABOUT THE
VIETNAM WAR?

16
EVENTS OF VIETNAM WAR
  • 1964- Gulf of Tonkin incident
  • 1965- Congress approves US combat
  • 1966- B52s Bomb North Vietnam
  • 1967- Increase in American protests
  • 1968- Communists launch Tet Offensive
  • 1969- Policy of Vietnamization begins
  • 1973- Paris Peace Accords cease fire
  • 1975- Last Americans evacuate Saigon

17
Even the president of the United States needs to
know their geography. Here, JFK points to
Indo-China and the threat of communism.
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Rice paddies in Vietnam
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CASUALTIES OF WAR
  • The death toll for American soldiers exceeded
    58,000 troops
  • 2 millions Vietnamese died in the conflict.

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www.squidoo.com
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VIETNAM MEMORIAL in Washington, DC
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HOW THE VIETNAM WAR WAS LOST
  • Geography - enemy was able to use their geography
    of jungle coverage knowledge of the land Ho
    Chi Minh Trail (supply line)
  • Deception Vietcong were southern Vietnamese
    people who were soldiers for the communist forces
  • Guerilla warfare -hit-and-run battle tactics to
    evade capture and defeat using tunnel systems

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news.bbc.co.uk
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HOW THE VIETNAM WAR WAS LOST (Continued)
  • Questionable US military planning
  • Poor public morale and widespread protest in
    America (hippie movement)
  • The threat of a larger scale war with China and
    the Soviet Union (possible WWIII) were other
    reasons the US was not victorious in stopping the
    spread of communism in Vietnam.

48
PROTEST AGAINST THE WAR IN VIETNAM CREATED A
CULTURAL DIVIDE IN THE UNITED STATES.
49
1960s and early 1970s The Vietnam War
  • South Vietnamese leaders believed that America
    would never let them go down in defeat - a belief
    that died as North Vietnamese tanks smashed into
    Saigon on April 30, 1975, and the long war ended
    with South Vietnam's surrender.

50
Vietnam War
  • 1. What were two main causes of the Vietnam War?
  • Answer The communists wanted reunification of
    Vietnam, and the United States feared the
    domino theory (the spread of communism) in
    Southeast Asia.
  • 2. Who were the Viet Cong?
  • Answer Communists in South Vietnam fighting
    on the side of the North Vietnamese.
  • 3. What is the name of the US policy to stop the
    spread of communism in Asia?
  • Answer Policy of containment.

51
VIETNAM WAR SUMMARY
  • The Vietnam War resulted in the reunification of
    Vietnam as a communist country. The United
    States, despite millions of dollars in advanced
    weaponry could not defeat the aggressive
    communist forces of North Vietnam or the southern
    Vietcong communist forces because the enemy was
    able to use their geography of jungle coverage,
    tunnel systems, deception, and hit-and-run
    battle tactics to evade capture and defeat.

52
VIETNAM WAR SUMMARY
  • Review your Vietnam War handout silently. Then,
    with a partner retell the story of the Vietnam
    War.
  • Emphasize the Domino Theory and policy of
    containment.

53
DRAWING CONCLUSIONS
  • What evidence today supports that the United
    States did not accomplish its goal of containing
    communism in Southeast Asia?

54
DRAWING CONCLUSIONS
  • The evidence is that Vietnam is a communist
    country today. Both the north and the south
    became reunified (united together) under
    communist rule.

55
WHAT IF ???
  • What if the United States was able to defeat the
    communist forces of North Vietnam how would
    Vietnam be a different country today?

56
WHAT IF ???
  • What if Vietnams independence leader Ho Chi
    Minh used non-violent protests against France
    like Mohandas Gandhi of India did against Great
    Britain how would Vietnam be different today?
    Would they be a democracy? Would the Vietnam War
    still happen?

57
The student will understand that when there is
conflict between or within societies, change is
the result. What are some examples of conflict
between the US and communist Vietnam? How did
the Vietnam war change life in both the United
States and Vietnam?
  • Conflict Creates Change

58
Compare and Contrast KOREAN WAR and VIETNAM WAR
KOREAN WAR
VIETNAM WAR
59
Compare and Contrast KOREAN WAR and VIETNAM WAR
KOREAN WAR
VIETNAM WAR
  • UNITED STATES WAS NOT ABLE TO STOP THE SPREAD OF
    COMMUNISM FROM CONTROLLING SOUTH VIETNAM
  • TODAY, ALL OF VIETNAM IS REUNIFIED UNDER A
    COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT
  • MANY AMERICANS REMEMBER THE VIETNAM WAR BECAUSE
    OF CONTROVERSIES, WAR CASUALTIES, AND FAILURE TO
    STOP THE SPREAD OF COMMUNISM
  • Civil war over government (communism vs
    democracy)
  • US involved in conflict to contain the spread of
    communism
  • Both communist revolutions supported by China
    and the Soviet Union
  • Communist governments remain in North Korea and
    Vietnam
  • UNITED STATES WAS ABLE TO STOP THE SPREAD OF
    COMMUNISM FROM CONTROLLING SOUTH KOREA
  • TODAY, THE KOREAN PENINSULA IS DIVIDED BETWEEN
    DEMOCRATIC SOUTH KOREA AND COMMUNIST NORTH KOREA
  • KOREAN WAR IS KNOWN AS THE FORGOTTEN WAR

60
SUMMARIZING ACTIVITY
  • Explain the reasons for United States foreign
    involvement in Korea and Vietnam.

61
SS7H3e Explain the reasons for foreign
involvement in Korea and Vietnam in terms of
containment of Communism. .
  • Concepts
  • Conflict Creates Change
  • Conflict Resolution
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