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The United States Policy on Global Climate Change

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Source: U.S. Greenhouse Gas National Inventory, Executive Summary ... Source: Republican National Committee (http://www.gop.com/) Conclusions ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The United States Policy on Global Climate Change


1
The United States Policy on Global Climate Change
  • Bethann Swartz

2
Electricity Use in the U.S.
3
Domestic Policy
  • Byrd-Hagel Resolution 1997
  • Lieberman-McCain 2003
  • Programs through EPA and Dept. of Energy
  • Energy Star
  • Why isnt more being done?
  • Only 5 of economy depends on climate..compared
    with about 66 in 1850

4
Climate Change Science Technology Programs
(CCSP/CCTP)
  • CCTP FutureGen (worlds first coal-based,
    zero-emissions electricity and hydrogen power
    plan Freedom Car (Hydrogen fuel cells) 3
    billion in FY 2005
  • CCSP 2 billion in FY 2005 Climate Science
    Research

5
Source U.S. Greenhouse Gas National Inventory,
Executive Summary
6
Source EPA Greenhouse Gas Inventory Executive
Summary
7
(No Transcript)
8
CO2 Air Pollution
Source Earthtrends, WRI (http//earthtrends.wri.o
rg/pdf_library/country_profiles/cli_cou_840.pdf)
9
(No Transcript)
10
Non-CO2 Air Pollution
  • SO2 Primary cause of acid rain. Forms from
    burning of coal and extraction of gasoline from
    oil or metals from ore. Petroleum refineries,
    cement manufacturing, metal processing,
    locomotives, and large ships
  • Successful emissions trading program regarding
    SO2 emission from 1990 Clean Air Actpossible
    model for GHG emission trading?
  • CH4 N2O decreased by 10 b/w 1990 2003
  • HFCs, PFCs, SF6 substitutes for CFCs, increased
    by 50 b/w 1990 2003

11
International Cooperation
  • UNFCCC
  • International Partnership for a Hydrogen Economy

12
American Public Opinion
  • Energy
  • February 2006 61 disapprove, 30 approve, 9 no
    opinion
  • April 2001 45 disapprove, 43 approve, 12 no
    opinion
  • Environment
  • January 2005 45 disapprove, 49 approve, 6 no
    opinion
  • April 2001 44 disapprove, 46 approve, 10 no
    opinion

13
Environment v. Economy
14
What about MAINE?
  • Temp. in Lewiston has increased 3.4oF over the
    last century
  • It could increase 4oF by 2100
  • Precipitation will increase intensity of winter
    storms
  • Health heat-related deaths, increase in Lyme
    disease
  • Sea-level is already rising 3.9/century in
    Rockland and could rise another 14 by 2100
  • The changing climate will also affect forests and
    ecosystems in Maine

15
2012
  • 2012 will be a pivotal year in U.S. Climate
    Change politics. This is the target year for the
    18 reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. The
    U.S. will respond with additional measures in
    2012 if they are not on track in meeting their
    goal. These measures may include additional
    incentives and voluntary measures.

16
What next? DEMOCRATS
  • We reject the false choice between a healthy
    economy and a healthy environment. We know
    instead that farming, fishing, tourism, and other
    industries require a healthy environment. We know
    new technologies that protect the environment can
    create new high-paying jobs. We know a cleaner
    environment means a stronger economy... Democrats
    are committed to the next generation of
    affordable and renewable energy for the 21st
    center and to conservation measures -- like
    increased CAFE standards -- that will immediately
    reduce our dependence on foreign oil.
  • Environment is not, however, on the 2006
    agendas top five points

Source Democratic National Party
(http//www.democrats.org/a/national/clean_environ
ment/)
17
Whats next? REPUBLICANS?
  • The following areas have greater priority for the
    GOP than the environment
  • Jobs economy, Safety Security, Tax Reform,
    Education, Social Security, Nominations, Legal
    Reform, Immigration Reform, Faith Values

Source Republican National Committee
(http//www.gop.com/)
18
Conclusions
  • Congress is made it difficult for Clinton and
    continues to make it difficult to create and pass
    legislation to mitigate GHG emissionsprogress is
    not going to come from legislation
  • The U.S. likes to emphasize the amount of money
    being spent on technology and science research.
    These are important aspects of climate policy,
    but there needs to be efforts to reduce emissions
    to accompany the vast amount of R D
  • Only when there are concrete economic benefits to
    making significant changes will the United States
    step up

19
Q U E S T I O N S ? ? ?
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