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Southern Europe Southern: Italy, Spain, Portugal, Vatican

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Southern Europe Southern: Italy, Spain, Portugal, Vatican City, San Marino, Greece Spain San Marino Greece Portugal Italy Vatican City Physical Features Peninsulas ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Southern Europe Southern: Italy, Spain, Portugal, Vatican


1
Southern Europe
  • Southern Italy, Spain, Portugal, Vatican City,
    San Marino, Greece

2
Southern Europe Matching
Italy
San Marino
Vatican City
Spain
Greece
Portugal
3
Physical Features
  • Peninsulas
  • Iberian (home to Spain and Portugal)
  • Pyrenees Mountains block off peninsula from
    rest of Europe
  • Italian (boot of Italy)
  • Alps
  • Most famous mountain chain in Europe
  • Stretch across France, Italy, Germany,
    Switzerland, Austria, and the northern Balkan
    Peninsula
  • Cut Italy off from rest of Europe
  • Islands
  • Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Crete

4
Climates
  • Western Europe
  • Marine West Coast (mainly)
  • Highland and Humid Subtropical
  • Southern Europe
  • Mainly Mediterranean
  • Some Marine West Coast, Semiarid, and Humid
    Subtropical

5
Southern Resources
  • Majority Zinc and Coal
  • Biggest variety of resources found in Spain

6
Water Pollution Venice
  • Industrial waste, sewage, and saltwater combine
    together and eat away the foundations of
    buildings (damage)
  • Erosion is allowing large amounts of seawater
    into the lagoon
  • Killer Algae decaying algae uses up all the
    oxygen which causes fish in water to die as well
    insects in water STENCH!

7
ITALY
  • Rich culture
  • The Roman Empire
  • Ruled most of the Italian Peninsula
  • Grew by conquering overseas territories
  • The Renaissance (rebirth) a renewed interest
    in learning (Leonardo DaVinci)

8
  • Landmarks
  • Rome is the capital largest city
  • Home to the Colosseum and other Roman ruins.

9
  • Southern Italy has many natural disasters ?
    Earthquakes, Volcanic Activity, Floods,
    Droughts
  • Home to Mt. Vesuvius and the ancient city of
    Pompeii

10
Italys Economic Problems
  • Italy
  • Northern region is much more developed than
    Southern region
  • Why?
  • North is closer to industrial nations (Germany
    France)
  • South poor transportation systems
  • Southern government made poor decisions when
    promoting growth

11
  • The island of Sicily large island on the
    southern coast of Italy
  • Mt. Etna, an active volcano

12
SPAIN PORTUGAL
  • Together form the Iberian Peninsula
  • Capital of Spain Madrid
  • Capital of Portugal Lisbon

13
  • One of the worlds largest tourist industries
  • Beaches rich culture

14
  • Fishing is a large part of economy
  • Have a long history of sailing

15
  • Leading producer of cork corkboards, shoes,
    wine stoppers

16
Background
  • The Iberian Peninsula was ruled by the Moors (a
    Muslim people from North Africa) for over 700
    years

17
  • Were the most powerful European nations
    controlled sea trade during the 15th 16th
    century
  • Had a huge colonial empire and was a leader in
    the spice trade.

18
VATICAN CITY
  • An independent state surrounded by the city of
    Rome
  • Smallest country in the world (0.2sq. Miles)

19
  • The pope, the head of the Roman Catholic church,
    has absolute political authority within the city

20
GREECE
  • Agricultural products olive oil, tobacco,
    grapes, citrus fruits
  • Shipping is big part of economy

21
Background
  • Ancient Greece vital to the development of
    Western culture
  • City-state birth of democracy

22
  • Ancient city of Olympia site of the first
    Olympic Games

23
  • Ancient city of Sparta famous for its athletes
    and warriors (movie 300)

24
  • Capital Athens
  • Home of the Acropolis with the Parthenon (one of
    the worlds most photographed and famous
    buildings)

25
SAN MARINO
  • San Marino was founded early in the 4th century
    by Christians escaping persecution
  • One of the oldest and smallest republics /
    countries
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