Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. 1929-1968 1954: Began ministry - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. 1929-1968 1954: Began ministry

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Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. 1929-1968 1954: Began ministry career as the pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Rosa Parks is arrested. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. 1929-1968 1954: Began ministry


1
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. 1929-1968
2
  • 1954 Began ministry career as the pastor of
    Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery,
    Alabama.

3
  • Rosa Parks is arrested.
  • A catalyst for beginning the Civil Rights
    Movement.
  • MLK selected as president of the Montgomery
    Improvement Association.

4
  • Media Day was held on May 20, 1956 after the bus
    boycott in Montgomery.
  • Established himself as the national leader of the
    civil rights movement
  • Continued leading boycotts/staging protests
    against segregation in the South.

5
And you know, my friends, there comes a time
when people get tired of being trampled over by
the iron feet of oppression.
6
  • Influences
  • Gandhi
  • Bible
  • Thoreaus Civil Disobedience
  • "Love your enemies," King surely read many times
    in the book of Matthew. "Bless them that curse
    you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for
    them which despitefully use you, and persecute
    you."

7
Kings Platform
  • We can stick together.
  • Our leaders do not have to sell out.
  • Threats and violence do not intimidate us.
  • We believe in ourselves.
  • Economics is part of our struggle.
  • We have a powerful weapon non-violent
    resistance.
  • We as Negroes have arrived!

8
Sit-ins at all white lunch counters promoted
Kings mission of non-violent protest.
9
March on Birmingham
  • April 12, 1963 MLK leads marches in street
  • Jailed without rights
  • Coretta called White house, Robert and John
    called her back
  • Sent FBI to Birmingham
  • Wrote Letter from Birmingham Jail

10
March on Birmingham
  • May 2nd - Led march w/ children for symbolic
    reason, 1000 kids arrested
  • May 3rd More gathered, police used fire hoses,
    attack dogs, clubs on kids
  • Nationally televised, brought attention to
    movement, forced Kennedy to take direct action
  • Birmingham agreed to desegregate public facilities

11
King spoke to 250,000 civil rights supporters
during the March on Washington August 28, 1963.
12
March on D.C. - his famous I have a dream
speech.
13
  • Violence Against King
  • Bomb thrown at his house during Montgomery Bus
    Boycott
  • Hotel Albert in Harlem promoting his book, Stride
    Toward Freedom, stabbed by a deranged African
    American woman
  • St. Augustine, Florida meeting, a shot fired
    through a window in his rented beach cottage. No
    one was home at the time.

14
On December 10, 1965, Dr. King won the Nobel
Peace Prize.
15
  • Vietnam War
  • King rethought his mission focus from racial
    discrimination to problems of poverty economic
    injustice
  • Caused issues with other Civil Rights Leaders

King expressed his disenchantment with President
Johnsons Vietnam policies.
16
On April 4, 1968, while standing on a balcony at
the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, King was
assassinated by James Earl Ray.
17
The country, along with Coretta and Kings
young daughter Bernice, mourned his death.
18
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is entombed at the
Freedom Hall Complex. This site was listed as a
National Historic Landmark on May 5, 1977 and was
made a National Historic Site on October 10,
1980.
19
President Ronald Reagan signed the bill to make
January 20th, the celebration of Dr. Kings
birthday a national holiday.
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