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EFFECTIVE LESSON PLANNING

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EFFECTIVE LESSON PLANNING GOALS To summarize NJ standards-based reform efforts To describe the value of effective planning To discuss and utilize various components ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: EFFECTIVE LESSON PLANNING


1
EFFECTIVE LESSON PLANNING
2
GOALS
  • To summarize NJ standards-based reform efforts
  • To describe the value of effective planning
  • To discuss and utilize various components of
    effective lesson plans
  • To provide templates for lesson plans
  • To give guidance for substitute plans

3
PROFESSIONAL STANDARDS THE MODEL FOR GOOD TEACHING
  • Provide direction for effective teaching
  • Identifies the knowledge, skills and dispositions
    of teaching
  • Parallel INTASC and National Board standards
  • Used to
  • Drive all pre-service programs in New Jersey
  • Guide the mentoring process
  • Influence professional development

4
EFFECTIVE TEACHERS
  • Know the content
  • Understand the development of the student
  • Value the diversity of the students within the
    class
  • Plan strategic lessons using research-based
    practices
  • Use multiple assessments to evaluate progress
  • Create a suitable learning environment
  • Adapt and modify instruction
  • Use effective communication
  • Collaborate with all members of the learning
    community
  • Engage in sustained professional growth
    experiences

5
A VISION OF TEACHING
  • Connect the dots in the puzzle using only four
    straight lines without lifting your pen/pencil
    off of the paper.

How does this relate to our teaching?
6
INSTRUCTIONAL PLANNING AND STRATEGIES
  • Plans are developed to provide students with
    meaningful learning experiences
  • Plans connect to related learning opportunities
  • Teaching is based instructional strategies that
    focus on best practice and research
  • Teaching is supported by strategies that foster
    interest and progress

7
GENERAL POLICY
  • Plans are a legal document
  • Usually required weekly to the supervisor
  • Plan books (district, purchased, self-made
    notebooks)
  • Substitute plans
  • Must include
  • CCCS
  • Objectives
  • Needed materials
  • Teachers editions pages, student pages
  • Short description activities
  • Closing

8
GOOD PLANNING
  • Keeps the teacher and students on track
  • Achieves the objectives
  • Helps teachers to avoid unpleasant surprises
  • Provides the roadmap and visuals in a logical
    sequence
  • Provides direction to a substitute
  • Encourages reflection, refinement, and
    improvement
  • Enhances student achievement

9
POOR PLANNING
  • Frustration for the teacher and the student
  • Aimless wandering
  • Unmet objectives
  • No connections to prior learnings
  • Disorganization
  • Lack of needed materials
  • A waste of time
  • Poor management

10
A GOOD LESSON INCLUDES
  • Objective expected student behavior
  • Warm up and introduction
  • Procedure
  • Materials worksheets, film, text, etc.
  • Presentation
  • Practice
  • Application
  • Closure
  • Evaluation test, assignment, teacher
    observation, etc.
  • CCCS and/or ASK skills covered
  • Maximize Instructional Time
  • Integrate Diverse Teaching Strategies
  • Have All Students On Task

11
LETS BEGIN
  • The format of a lesson should..
  • Go one step at a time
  • Have a picture for every step
  • Have a minimal reliance on words

An effective lesson plan is a set of plans for
building something it constructs the learning.
12
The greater the structure of a lesson and the
more precise the directions on what is to be
accomplished, the higher the achievement
rate. Harry Wong, The First Days of Teaching
13
OBJECTIVES
  • A description of what the student will be able to
    do at the end of the lesson
  • Provides alignment with district and state goals
    (Uses CCCS)
  • Use behavioral verbs to describe the expected
    outcomes (ACTION)
  • No-nos appreciate, enjoy, understand, love, etc.

14
WARM-UP AND INTRODUCTION
  • Grab the attention of the students
  • PROVIDES THE INTEREST/MOTIVATION factor
  • Set the tone for the lesson connected to the
    objective
  • A question
  • A story
  • A saying
  • An activity
  • A discussion starter
  • BE CREATIVE

15
PRE-ASSESSMENT
  • What are the characteristics of the learners in
    the class?
  • What do the students already know and understand?
  • How do my students learn best?
  • What modifications in instruction might I need to
    make?

16
MATERIALS
  • Plan! Prepare! Have on hand!
  • Murphys Law
  • Envision your needs.
  • List all resources.
  • Have enough manipulatives (when needed) for
    groups or individuals.

17
PROCEDURES AND PRESENTATION
  • Sets up a step-by-step plan
  • Provides a quick review of previous learning
  • Provides specific activities to assist students
    in developing the new knowledge
  • Provides modeling of a new skill
  • A picture is worth a thousand words.
  • I hear, I see..I do!

18
LEARNING ACTIVITIES
  • Graphic organizers
  • Creative play
  • Peer presenting
  • Performances
  • Role playing
  • Debates
  • Game making
  • Projects
  • Cooperative groups
  • Inquiry learning
  • Direct instruction
  • Differentiation
  • Direct Instruction

19
PRACTICE APPLYING WHAT IS LEARNED
  • Provide multiple learning activities
  • Guided practice (teacher controlled)
  • Use a variety of questioning strategies to
    determine the level of understanding
  • Journaling, conferencing
  • Independent practice
  • Practice may be differentiated
  • BUILD ON SUCCESS

20
CLOSURE
  • Lesson Wrap-up Leave students with an imprint of
    what the lesson covered.
  • Students summarize the major concepts
  • Displays internalized student knowledge
  • Teacher recaps the main points
  • Teacher sets the stage for the next phase of
    learning

21
EVALUATION
  • Assess the learning-Rubric
  • Teacher made test
  • In-class or homework assignment
  • Project to apply the learning in real-life
    situation
  • Recitations and summaries
  • Performance assessments
  • Use of rubrics
  • Portfolios
  • Journals
  • Informal assessment

22
REFLECTION
  • What went well in the lesson?
  • What problems did I experience?
  • Are there things I could have done differently?
  • How can I build on this lesson to make future
    lessons successful?

23
THE SUBSTITUTE NOW WHAT?
  • The Key to substitute success DETAILED LESSON
    PLANS
  • Discipline routines
  • Children with special needs
  • Fire drill and emergency procedures
  • Helpful students, helpful colleagues (phone s)
  • Classroom schedule
  • Names of administrators
  • Expectations for the work
  • Packet of extra activities

24
A teacher is one who brings us tools and enables
us to use them. Jean Toomer
25
Lesson Plans Review
  • Reflection/Open Discussion
  • Main components of a lesson plan
  • Critical thinking skills
  • Characteristics of a good lesson
  • Teacher responsibilities

26
Lesson Plans
Blooms Taxonomy
  • Use daily in questioning to develop higher order
    of thinking skills...critical thinking skills.
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • COMPREHENSION
  • APPLICATION
  • ANALYSIS
  • SYNTHESIS
  • EVALUATION

27
Lesson Plans
Blooms Taxonomy
28
Lesson Plans
Blooms Taxonomy
29
GREAT TEACHING starts with GREAT
PLANNING Characteristics of great lesson plans
  • Clear instructions, explanations, timelines,
    expectations, and assessment
  • Interactive hands on activities
  • Engaging and FUN!
  • Allow students to feel a sense of shared
    exploration and discovery
  • Give students choices

30
GREAT TEACHING starts with GREAT
PLANNING Students engaged motivated
  • Break assignments into small chunks
  • Hands-on manipulatives
  • Ask open ended questions
  • Make lesson relevant
  • Allow students to develop own questions to
    research
  • Integrate diverse teaching strategies
  • Talk at appropriate level

31
Foundational Habits
  • Be Explicit
  • Model
  • Reinforce

32
SET STUDENT GOALS Theyre all about High
Expectations Keys to great goal setting
  • Regular Routine mini goals- focus on small,
    immediate, action-oriented
  • Very Specific Actions-what, when, how??
  • Level Appropriate
  • Followed by reflection- students need to
    evaluate- leads to feeling of accomplishment and
    future goal setting

33
The 5 Most Important Things You Can Do For Your
Students
  • CARE
  • SET HIGH EXPECTATIONS
  • CREATE ORDERLY, STRUCTURED CLASSROOM
  • EARN RESPECT- stay calm, exercise self control
  • TREAT EACH STUDENT WITH
  • COURTESY AND RESPECT

34
LESSON PLAN Preparation Summary
  • Optional/Preferred
  • Indicate
  • Homework
  • Field learning experiences
  • Guest presentations
  • Highlight interdisciplinary activities
  • Video-aided learning and follow up (reflective)
    activity

35
Credits
Portions of this power point were taken from the
following sources
EFFECTIVE LESSON PLANNING
Presented by Vicki Duff Mentor Training
Coordinator Department of Education 609-292-0189 v
ictoria.duff_at_doe.state.nj.us
Unit Assessment and Instructional Planning An
Approach to Facilitate Standards-Based Learning
Sue Stevens, Tina Scott, Cheryl
Gettings suestevens_at_cutting-edge-consulting.com 24
5-3737
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