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Australian Studies

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One food regularly associated with Australia is Vegemite (now owned by the American Kraft Foods. ... Australian food. Australian drink ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Australian Studies


1
Australian Studies
  • Culture Food Drink

2
Australian food
  • Historically, Australian cuisine was based on
    traditional British cooking brought to the
    country by the first settlers.
  • This generally consisted of pies, roasted cuts of
    meat, grilled steak and chops, and other forms of
    meat generally accompanied by vegetables (the
    combination known colloquially as "meat and three
    veg.).

3
Australian food
  • These origins have been mostly overtaken by the
    growing multicultural emphasis of Australian
    culture over the last forty to fifty years, with
    Australian cuisine now influenced by a variety of
    Mediterranean and Asian foods originally
    introduced by immigrants.

4
Australian food
  • Indeed, restaurants whose cuisine tends to
    demonstrate contemporary adaptations,
    interpretations or fusions of these multicultural
    culinary influences are frequently labeled with
    the umbrella term "Modern Australian".
  • British traditions still persist to varying
    degrees including in the takeaway food sector,
    with pies and fish and chips remaining popular.

5
Australian food
  • A native Australian cuisine movement has also
    emerged, evolving out of the Australian themed
    restaurants of the mid-1980s.
  • The discovery of the spice-like qualities of many
    native Australian plant ingredients formed the
    basis of a gourmet cuisine.

6
Australian food
  • This contrasted with the Bush tucker or foraged
    food unfamiliar to gourmets.
  • Modern Australian cuisine has been heavily
    influenced by its Asian and South-East Asian
    neighbours, particularly Chinese, Japanese, Thai
    and Vietnamese, and by the many waves of
    immigrants from there, and all parts of the
    world.

7
Australian food
  • Similarly, Mediterranean influences from Greek,
    Lebanese, Moroccan and Italian cuisines are very
    common with many of these influences arriving in
    Australia during the 1950s and 1960s.
  • Fresh produce is readily available and thus used
    extensively, and the trend (urged by long-term
    government health initiatives) is towards
    low-salt, low-fat healthy cookery incorporating
    lean meat and lightly cooked, colourful, steamed
    or stir-fried vegetables.

8
Australian food
  • Australia's wide variety of seafood is also
    popular and barbecues are common at weekend
    family gatherings.
  • Barbecues are also common in fund raising for
    schools and local communities, where sausages and
    onion are served on white bread with tomato sauce
    or Barbecue sauce.
  • These are most often referred to as "Sausage
    Sizzles

9
Australian food
  • Some English trends are still evident in the
    domestic cooking of many Australians of
    Anglo-Celtic descent.
  • Among these is the widespread tradition of having
    roast turkey, chicken, and ham with trimmings
    followed by a plum pudding for Christmas lunch or
    dinner, despite the fact that Christmas is at the
    height of the Southern Hemisphere summer.
  • Because of this, another tradition is also having
    fresh seafood, including prawns and a variety of
    other meats.

10
Australian food
  • The typical breakfast of Australians strongly
    resembles breakfast in many Western countries.
  • Owing to the warm weather in some parts of
    Australia, generally breakfast is light but in
    the colder regions porridge or meals similar to
    the full English breakfast may be consumed.
  • The light breakfast commonly consists of,
    cereals, toast (with a spread) and fruit.

11
Australian food
  • A heavier cooked breakfast will frequently
    include, fried bacon, egg, mushroom, baked beans,
    sausages, tomatoes, toast with spread.
  • Drinks taken at breakfast include, tea, coffee,
    flavoured milk or juice.

12
Australian food
  • The evening meal is the main meal of the day for
    most Australians, and when consumed at home, is
    often eaten with members of the immediate family
    or household.
  • The dishes served will vary widely according to
    the tastes and/or background of the family.
    Common choices would be roast meat and
    vegetables pasta pizza casseroles barbecue
    meat vegetables and salads soup stir-fries.

13
Australian food
  • A typical 'Australian' cafe or restaurant (not
    adhering to any particular ethnic cuisine) might
    offer sandwiches and foccacias a range of pasta,
    risotto, salad or curry dishes steak, chicken or
    other meat-based dishes cakes or other desserts
    and juices, red and white wine, soft drink, beer
    and coffee.

14
Australian food
  • One food regularly associated with Australia is
    Vegemite (now owned by the American Kraft Foods.

15
Australian food
  • Other unique or iconic national foods include the
    Chiko Roll, a deep-fried savoury roll akin to a
    spring roll Violet Crumble, a honeycomb
    chocolate bar Jaffas, an orange flavoured,
    candy-coated chocolate Tim Tams, a chocolate
    biscuit and the breakfast cereal Weet-Bix.

16
Australian food
  • Australians also enjoy their own small, hand
    sized meat pie, generally made with meat and
    gravy.
  • In South Australia this is sometimes served
    upside down on a bed of pea soup, covered in
    tomato sauce, and called a Pie floater.

17
Australian food
  • Damper is a simple and traditional type of bread,
    traditionally made by wrapping bread dough around
    a stick, then roasting it over an open fire
    though it is not often found commonly in
    Australia in modern times.

18
Australian food
  • The Boston bun is a spiced bun covered in coconut
    icing popular in Australia and New Zealand.
  • Also bread based is the children's party food,
    Fairy bread, which is white bread covered in
    hundreds and thousands.

19
Australian food
20
Australian drink
  • The Australian wine industry is the
    fourth-largest exporter in the world, exporting
    over 400 million litres a year to a large
    international export market that includes "old
    world" wine-producing countries such as France,
    Italy and Spain.

21
Australian drink
  • There is also a significant domestic market for
    Australian wines, with Australians consuming over
    400 million litres of wine per year.

22
Australian drink
  • The wine industry is a significant contributor to
    the Australian economy through production,
    employment, export and tourism.

23
Australian drink
  • Beer in Australia is mostly now lager.

24
Australian drink
  • Although Australia was settled predominantly by
    the British, it was found that, before the
    availability of modern temperature control
    systems, the brewing, distribution and storage of
    British style ale was difficult in many parts of
    Australia due to high summer temperatures and
    often sudden day-to-day weather changes in
    Southern parts of the continent.

25
Australian drink
  • The introduction of refrigeration lent itself to
    lager production, as well as enabling beer to be
    served cold.

26
Next week
  • Cooking class
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