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The Black Death

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The Black Death The Triumph of Death by Pieter Bruegel – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Black Death


1
The Black Death
The Triumph of Death by Pieter Bruegel
2
What do you see?
3
Describe the landscape.
4
What kinds of things are people doing?
5
What elements of the picture seem unrealistic?
6
What elements of the picture seem realistic?
7
What feelings does this painting evoke?
8
What kind of story do you think the artist is
trying to tell?
9
What was the Black Death?
  • Deadly plague in Europe 1346-1352
  • Plague-disease that spreads quickly and kills
    many people
  • Caused by form of bacteria carried by fleas
  • Appeared in three forms
  • Pneumonic-attacked lungs and caused coughing and
    sneezing fits
  • Septicemic- traveled in bloodstream causing black
    spots under the skin
  • Bubonic- most common which caused egg-sized
    swellings

10
How did the Black Death spread throughout Europe?
  • Began in Gobi Desert and spread over trade routes
    along the Silk Road
  • Mongols attack Caffa on the Black Sea
  • Caffa trades with Genoa merchants
  • They carry plague to Sicily
  • Merchants brought rats to Europe with trade goods
  • 1st appeared in Italy and spread for 6 years

11
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12
Why couldnt people stop the spread of the Black
Death?
  • People were ignorant of its causes- blamed stars,
    infected clothing, Gods anger at sinners or
    Jewish people
  • Tried ineffective cures- pomaders, flagellation
    (whipping ones self), repentance of sins, and
    killing Jews
  • No cure worked

13
How did the Black Death change life in Europe?
  • 38 million people may have died in Europe (1 out
    of 2 people)
  • Subsided in 1350s, with periodic flare-ups
  • Ruined Europes economy
  • Trade stopped and wages went up
  • Food prices fell
  • Serfdom broke down
  • Peasants and urban workers revolted and demanded
    more freedom
  • Towns grow
  • Reduced the power of the feudal lords

14
(No Transcript)
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