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Culture & Lifestyles

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Culture & Lifestyles East & Southeast Asia (27.3 & 30.3) Language Major languages: Tibetan, Chinese, Japanese, Korean Han Chinese Mandarin is official lang ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Culture & Lifestyles


1
Culture Lifestyles
  • East Southeast Asia
  • (27.3 30.3)

2
Language
  • Major languages
  • Tibetan, Chinese, Japanese, Korean
  • Han Chinese
  • Mandarin is official lang., Cantonese 2nd
  • Ideograms instead of letters (stand alone or
    combination diff. meaning. 6,000 for everyday
    use)
  • Pitch and tone are impt.
  • Lang families
  • Malayo-Polynesian, Sino-Tibetan, Mon-Khmer (100s
    of diff. languages)
  • Blends with migrant/colonizing nations
  • Philippines Filipino, English, Spanish
  • Vietnam Vietnamese, Chinese, French, Eng.

3
Language
  • Japans has been more isolated than Koreas
  • Ties to Korea Mong.
  • Both writing systems based on Chinese (kanji-
    2,000 for everyday use)
  • Trade also has impact
  • Singapore Chinese, Tamil, Malay, English
  • English often lang. of business/daily life

4
Religion
  • Buddhism, Christianity, Islam all here
  • Some also prac. local religion (Shintoism,
    Shamanism in Japan)
  • Confucianism Daoism are philosophies practiced
    like religions
  • Nearly all of worlds religions found here
  • Buddhism Islam are top
  • Roman Catholic, Hinduism, Confucianism Daoism
    as well
  • Vietnam blends rel. together to make their own

5
Religion
  • Religion discouraged by communist govnts
  • Persecute Buddhist monks/lamas
  • Oppression on Buddhist population
  • Exiled Dalai Lama
  • People must worship/ hold on to faiths almost in
    secret
  • With fall of USSR, Mongolia moved to democracy,
    now worships freely

6
Religion
  • Confucianism 551-479 BC
  • Confucius lived during social upheaval?
    frustrated with govnt
  • Created social ethical philosophy
  • All relationships involve defined roles mutual
    obligations
  • Valued order, continuity, social cohesion above
    personal gain
  • Education is key in position in society (wisdom
    desire for learning define ideal leaders)

7
Religion
  • Confucianism contd
  • Ethical/ Virtue based
  • Ruler accountable for ppl (drought, war)
  • Loses Mandate of Heaven
  • Respect elders, loyalty to govnt, keep ones
    place in society
  • Inner part treat each other with love, respect,
    and consideration for the needs of all

8
Religion
  • Taoism (Daoism) 604-531 BC
  • Founded by Laozi
  • means The Way
  • Oneness w/ humanity nature
  • Values simplicity, spontaneity, tranquility
  • Against competition possession
  • Best govnt was the least govnt
  • Yin/Yang balance of opposing forces
  • yin- feminine, passive, moon, water, clouds
  • yang- masculine, active, sun, fire, dragons

9
Religion
  • Shamanism
  • Faith in leaders with powers to heal the sick and
    speak with spirits
  • Lessened with Confucianism, still practiced in
    SK, Tibet, N. China
  • Shintoism (form of Shamanism)
  • Japans former state religion
  • Polytheistic, animism (nature spirits- kami)
  • Emphasis on this world, not preparing for
    after-life
  • Many shrines, collection of rituals to connect
    human life with nature

10
The Arts
Wat in Phnom Penh
  • Greatly inspired by religions
  • Communists tried to erase, but was revived
  • Poetry- harmony of humans w/ nature
  • The Tale of Genji (Japan)
  • Haikus (Japan)
  • Adapted from Indian Chinese styles, and
    religions
  • See both pagodas and Indian wats
  • Major urban areas too
  • Golden Triangle (KLCC)

11
The Arts
  • Music typically of wind, string, and percussion
    instruments
  • Kabuki vs. Noh drama
  • Calligraphy
  • Origami
  • Fine china (dishes)
  • Pagodas-
  • Curved tile
  • roofs

shakuhachi
12
The Arts
  • Lacquerware batik
  • Time dedication
  • Arjunavivaha is modified from Mahabarata (fits SE
    Asia)
  • Legong is dance of Bali to reenact Ramayana
  • Leng Trot rain dance in Cambodia

Kuala Lumpur (KLCC)
13
The Arts
  • Foot binding 900s to early 1900s
  • Desire to have small, slender feet
  • Golden Lotus (size), Lotus Gait (style of walk)
  • Many outlawed it (Communists, Manchus)
  • End up being a sore spot b/w Han Manchu
  • Almost 100 of wealthy had it done (at young age)
  • Can cause infections, gangrene but some can
    still walk, work, even dance

14
Living Conditions
  • Late 1900s brought economic recovery
  • Taiwan, Japan, S. Korea best off (still have
    gaps b/w classes)
  • Japan saw downturn in late 90s? huge layoffs,
    bankrupt companies? ppl scared to spend? bad for
    housing industry
  • Less focus on job security for wkrs, more on
    profit
  • China has one lowest GDPs (esp. in rural areas)
  • Deng Xiaoping began allowing free enterprise,
    foreign investment flooded into SEZs

15
SEZs in China
16
Living Conditions
  • Lots of spent on education
  • Free elementary for most
  • Very high lit. rates in (J, SK, T, NK)
  • Chinas Cult. Rev. slowed growth
  • SK and Taiwan push educ. more than most
  • Singapores GDP comparable to US
  • Others are much lower
  • Lit. rates are rising, but vary in each country
    (Thailand is highest _at_ 95, Laos lowest _at_ 57)

17
Living Conditions
  • Life exp. around 70-74
  • Communist govnts pay for health care
  • No longer promised in China (widening gap)
  • Mixture of Western Eastern meds (herbal,
    acupuncture)
  • Health care varies widely (Singapore highest _at_
    78, Laos lowest _at_ 52)
  • Rapid urban growth (high-rises, housing projects)
  • Still many live in sm. villages
  • longhouses

18
Living Conditions
  • Diet raise themselves, many spices/sauces added
  • Curry, coconut milk
  • Chinlon (Myan.), silat (Indo.), kickboxing
    (Thai.)
  • Lunar New Years too
  • Vietnam Tet
  • Diet lots of staples (rice, wheat), vegetables,
    and fish
  • Beef, chicken, dairy just now becoming popular
  • Martial arts, table tennis, gymnastics, swimming
    (Olympics)
  • Various New Years (lunar, not solar)
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