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City-States of Ancient Sumer

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City-States of Ancient Sumer Fertile Crescent & the Tigris & Euphrates Many early civilizations began in the Fertile Crescent- a region of the Middle East with good ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: City-States of Ancient Sumer


1
City-States of Ancient Sumer
2
Fertile Crescent the Tigris Euphrates
3
  • Many early civilizations began in the Fertile
    Crescent- a region of the Middle East with good
    soil
  • Mesopotamia- between 2 rivers Tigris and
    Euphrates
  • Sumer, Worlds 1st civilization developed in the
    southeast

4
  • The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers often flood
  • Villagers living along the rivers worked together
    on projects to control the flood waters
  • Few natural resources were available
  • clay and water were used to build homes
  • Traded for other goods invented the wheel

5
Sumerian Social Structure
  • Based on a hierarchy-system of rating groups
  • Ruling family high priests
  • Lesser priests merchants
  • Peasant farmers(largest group)
  • Women had no legal rights, but some were educated
  • Religion
  • Polytheistic gods controlled every part of life.
  • 1 duty was to keep gods happy
  • Built ziggurats with a temple on top dedicated to
    the main god(s)
  • Believed in an afterlife much like hell for
    everyday

6
Ziggurat
7
Cuneiform
8
  • Writing
  • By 3200 B.C. Sumerians created cuneiform- a
    system of wedge shaped writing
  • Lasting Legacy
  • 2500 B.C. Sumer began to be conquered
  • Invaders adopted some of the Sumerian innovations
    such as astronomy and mathematics
  • Set the hour into 60 minutes, circle into 360
    degrees
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