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Title:

Gender Stratification

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Gender Stratification Why do we study gender stratification? Gender stratification Society divides people into males & females Distributes life chances ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Gender Stratification


1
Gender Stratification
  • Why do we study gender stratification?

2
Gender stratification
  • Society divides people into males females
  • Distributes life chances disproportionately
    between males females!

3
Gender Stratification
  • What are the examples of disproportionate
    distribution of life chances between the gender
    in our society?

4
Gender Stratification
  • The difference between
  • SEX
  • GENDER

5
Difference between
  • Sex
  • BiologicalXX vs XY
  • Innate,natural differences
  • Gender(gender role)
  • Expected behavior (how one is to behave?)
  • Cultural/Social (artificial creation by society)

6
Gender role socialization
  • How do we learn to behave in accordance to our
    sex?
  • Media, family, school (education), religion

7
Basis of gender difference
  • Mead
  • Arapesh-no gender roleMW alike(feminine)
  • Mundugumor-no gender roleMW alike (Masculine)
  • Tchambuli-gender roleMen are feminine women
    are masculine

8
Conclusions
  • What is the basis of gender role?
  • Biological?
  • Cultural/social?

9
Gender Stratification
  • Functionalism
  • Conflict
  • Interaction

10
Functionalism
  • Parsons Bales
  • Expressive role
  • Instrumental role

11
Instrumental Expressive Role
  • Expressive Caring, compassionate, cooperative
  • Instrumental Aggressive, competitive, assertive

12
Conflict
  • Unequal power
  • Marxsbourgeoisie proletariat
  • Women as oppressed majority or minority!

13
Conflict
  • Sexism (attitude)ideology of superiority of men
  • Discrimination (Institutional) denying life
    chances as normal operation (everyday practice)

14
Interaction
  • Conversation styles show male/female differences
  • What does it mean? (It is for you to decide)

15
Women in the USA/World wide
  • Unequal status around the world
  • Feminization of poverty
  • Income differences between mens womens job
  • Glass ceiling

16
Status of women
  • Hochschindsecond shift
  • Minority womenwomen first or race/ethnicity first
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