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Scientific Development, Innovation and the Knowledge Society: premises for development

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Title: Scientific Development, Innovation and the Knowledge Society: premises for development


1
Scientific Development, Innovation and the
Knowledge Society premises for development?
Lidia Brito1 1st Meeting of CODIST April, 29th
,2009 Addis Ababa
1 in collaboration with João Noronha
2
Introduction
  • Issues to deal with
  • Absolute poverty
  • Food Crisis
  • Energy crisis
  • Financial crises
  • Global Environmental Changes
  • HIV/AIDS, Malaria and others
  • Low-income, populations living in rural areas,
    most are unskilled labourers working as
    subsistence farmers and above 60 are illiterate,
    peripheral in the decision making, central in the
    impacts of global policies and actions, and
    vulnerable.

3
(No Transcript)
4
Fact we are not producing more!
Adapted from Anabela Mabota A Realidades Acerca
da Subida dos Preços O Impacto Sobre a Segurança
Alimentar, Maputo 2008
5
Fact We are vulnerable to international market
International Rice prices comparison between
Thailand and Maputo Jan 1996 to Fev. 2008
Adapted from Anabela Mabota A Realidades Acerca
da Subida dos Preços O Impacto Sobre a Segurança
Alimentar, Maputo 2008
6
Fact cost of food is increasingly drastically
Basic Food Total cost for a family of 5 in
Mozambique per month
Adapted from Anabela Mabota A Realidades Acerca
da Subida dos Preços O Impacto Sobre a Segurança
Alimentar, Maputo 2008
7
Running out of time!
  • 7th worst-affected country by HIV/AIDS
  • HIV prevalence estimated at 16.2 in 2004, above
    projections
  • 100,000 children living with HIV/AIDS
  • Estimated 1.9 million orphans (20 of all
    children)
  • Children orphaned due to AIDS 20 of the total,
    and will rise rapidly in the next decade
  • 2.6m vulnerable children
  • Total of 4.5m OVC

Multi-Sectoral Nucleo on OVC, Maputo 2006
8
Poverty trap? Can we break it?
Economic growth/access to markets
Innovation/high productivity \
MDGs
Literacy/health/elect./water
Equality/democracy
9
Our biggest challenge?
10
(No Transcript)
11
  • The availability on the national market of
    skilled labor that is able to apply new knowledge
    and technologies
  • The identification of potential products and
    services that a country can offer with
    comparative advantages
  • Good governance practices that promote democracy
    and an active participation of the citizens in
    the decision-making processes
  • Solid economic and financial systems, based in
    new models of development, that promote
    entrepreneurship and development
  • Strengthen the social and cultural
    characteristics of its people, and using those
    characteristics to promote innovation based in
    local and global knowledge.

12
(No Transcript)
13
Are you doing it?
  • An Africa well integrated into the global economy
    and
  • free of poverty
  • (AST - CPA, NEPAD 2007)
  • A new Vision?
  • Science and Technology to mobilize, through
    innovation, the social energy needed for the
    development of Africa and its People.

14
STI as a tool for transformation
Education processes
Social and Economic Processes
15
(No Transcript)
16
ICT and future development of Africa
  • Lagging behind fixed lines less than 2 world
    subscribers of internet less then 0.4 African
    Internet users account only for 3.8 of world
    users 7.2 of world mobile users
  • Internal divide
  • Not using all the potential pro-poor focus
  • Education, public health, public safety
  • Content and Access!

17
 Spatial technologies and geo-information as
tools for better policy design in Africa
  • a critical component due to ability to integrate
    data from disparate sources
  • analyses that enable priority areas to be
    identified at a sub-national level
  • promote and develop links between national policy
    goals, to sector interventions and programme
    activities, closing the cycle of policy making,
    implementation and monitoring and evaluation,
  • development agents that usually operate at
    project/programme level, align their
    interventions with the sector and national
    approach to development

18
Advantages of Geo-spatial technology
  • the results of the analyses are better perceived
    by the public in general and also for the
    decision makers. It will support the shift needed
    for improvement of content and access to
    knowledge by the more excluded strata of society.
  • by integrating data and providing a common
    dimension of analysis (the spatial dimension),
    promote integration of policies and the
    reinforcement of the common
  • strongly linked to social and environmental
    sciences creating the space for these dimensions
    to be brought to the development models and the
    policy debate

19
What are the challenges?
  • Infra-structure
  • Human-resources
  • Institutional setting
  • the lack of long-term vision and commitment
    towards an integration of policies and approaches
    in the development strategies in Africa.

20
Conclusions
  • African STI development faces 3 hard realities
  • The lack of leadership
  • The emulation of National innovation Systems from
    abroad
  • The very small amounts of financial resources
    that are available for STI programs

21
Challenges
  • Common vision for the role of STI for development
    in Africa and STI Indicators
  • Strategic thinking prioritize and mobilize the
    social energy that exists in society and spurs
    innovation
  • STI policies that are cross-cutting, integrated
    and that create a structural base for the other
    policies 
  • An approach of research that goes beyond research
    about Africa, moving towards research for Africa
    and by Africans.
  • Human capital more and with highest quality
  • Commitment Invest consistently and at long-term
    the necessary resources to initiate the building
    up of knowledge societies

22
Recommendations for action
  • Ensure the Knowledge cycle in society
    (Identification, production, transfer,
    appropriation and re-creation of knowledge)
  • On Higher Education new focus- post-graduation
    and research
  • On Science Education strengthened and useful for
    the people
  • On Primary school network as the main network for
    national diffusion of KT
  • On Access to KT outside formal education systems
    through ST communication programs
  • On institutional design and development pursue
    institutional models that are based on knowledge
    management principles and able to transform the
    institutional framework to respond effectively to
    the development demands.

23
Recommendations for action
  • Build Networks of Excellence that ensures
    knowledge production and identification of
    existing knowledge.
  • Deep understanding of factors influencing global
    policy making processes
  • Capacity to contextualize the policies at
    national and regional level
  • Capacity to critically analyze impacts
  • Capacity to develop alternative policies
  •  Building bridges between development actors

24
Recommendations for action
  • Develop Science policies that are cross-cutting
    and creating structural base for the other
    policies
  • Strengthening Science education at all levels
  • Promote policy integration in the country, region
    and continent
  • Improve and scale-up research programs in crucial
    areas for development
  • Spur innovation in the productive sector,
    including SMEs
  • Popularize Science in society
  • Develop mechanisms to measure and produce high
    quality STI indicators

25
Recommendations for action
  • Strategically choosing the niche more STI
    programs with impact, more capacity building not
    only on policy areas but also in technical
    aspects.
  • Agriculture focus in key cultures and develop
    strategic agro-industry that can respond to
    changes in market demands and conditions
  • Health incorporate actors that are not yet
    included
  • Social/Economical alternative models for growth
  • Develop Steering mechanisms peer-review,
    financial, institutional and research agendas

26
Recommendations for action
  • Build ownership and commitment engage local
    stakeholders in the design, implementation and
    resources mobilization
  • Building Centers of Excellence that are embedded
    in the society
  • Build Partnerships with Governments, productive
    sector, civil society
  • Develop link between knowledge-technology and
    practical solutions to everyday problems
  •  Building sustainability from pilot to full
    scale programs capacity to intervene and to
    maintain systems, to connect production systems
    and knowledge management systems  developing
    local industry

27
Recommendations for action
  • Building partnerships stronger collaboration
    with other actors (avoid fragmentation and
    duplication) and bring potential partners
    together
  •  
  • Fair trade negotiate better Intellectual
    property rights and market conditions, and
    acquire capacity to influence international power
    structures

28
Thank you
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