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CommunityBased Wildfire Management: Lessons Learned from Community Forestry

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Wildfire Management: Lessons Learned from Community Forestry. Cecilia Danks ... Policies to Enable Community-based Wildfire Management ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CommunityBased Wildfire Management: Lessons Learned from Community Forestry


1
Community-Based Wildfire Management Lessons
Learned from Community Forestry
  • Cecilia Danks
  • Watershed Research and Training Center,
  • Hayfork, California, USA
  • and
  • University of Vermont
  • Burlington, Vermont, USA

2
Issue Wildfires are a serious and growing
problem in the US.
  • In 2000
  • 3,000,000 hectares of wildlands burned
  • US 2 billion was spent to fight forest fires
  • billions in losses of property and resources
  • human lives lost

3
Community forestry provides lessons for how to
manage wildfire in a way that has social,
economic and ecological benefits -- for forest
communities and the nation as a whole.
The US has learned from community forestry effor
ts abroad -- through visits, exchanges and
individuals.
4
Features US forest communities share with those
in other countries
  • Physically isolated
  • High poverty and underemployment
  • Dependent on forest for livelihood
  • Limited capital
  • Small businesses
  • Resourceful people with knowledge of local
    forests

5
Community Forestry means that local communities
  • share in
  • Decision-making
  • Benefits
  • contribute to
  • Labor
  • Expertise

To achieve Social Well-being and Environmental H
ealth
6
Community Forestry in the USA Participatory /
Small Business Model
7
Community Forestry in the UScontinued
  • Labor
  • Expertise
  • Community-based businesses contract with the
    Forest Service
  • Jobs in extraction and processing of forest
    products
  • Direct employment with agencies
  • Local knowledge
  • History of past experiences

8
Research Results on Community Employment in
National Forests
  • Importance of
  • Small scale (for small crews)
  • Consistency available every year
  • Commitments long in duration
  • Intermediate skills, technology, capital
  • For community-based businesses to compete and
    communities to benefit

9
Two Components of Managing Wildfire
  • Suppressing fire
  • Large scale activity
  • Irregular in any one place
  • Short duration
  • High levels of skill, technology, and capital
  • Managing fuels
  • Small scale actions across the landscape
  • Consistent, annual work
  • Long-term activity
  • Intermediate skills, technology, and capital

10
Currently, Little ? Managing fuels (p
revention) Most ? Fire suppression
(fighting fires) Communities are left out. Fir
e threat continues to grow. Need BOTH!
11
Community-based Wildfire Management
12
Community-based Wildfire Management
  • Labor
  • Expertise
  • Mapping, planning, research
  • Extraction and processing the by-products of
    fuels reduction
  • Value-added industries
  • Direct employment with agencies
  • Prescribed burning small scale firefighting
  • Fire history, weather patterns
  • Access points, water sources

13
Contrasting Approaches to Fire Management
14
Contrasting Approaches to Fire Management
  • Current
  • Centralized capacity to respond
  • Outside experts
  • Mobile, specialized crews
  • Community-based
  • Decentralized capacity to manage
  • Local knowledge
  • Place-based, multipurpose crews

15
Policies to Enable Community-based Wildfire
Management
  • Invest in both approaches to managing fire
    fire-fighting and fuels management
  • Field project implementation
  • Skills training and industry development
  • Pay attention to scale and consistency to involve
    communities and their local skills and knowledge
  • Encourage utilization of by-products of fuels
    management

16
Community Meeting on Active Fire Near Town
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