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Step Up To Writing Training 2 Elementary and Secondary Teachers

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Step Up To Writing Training 2 Elementary and Secondary Teachers October 13, 2009 Weber School District Lil Sedgwick and Kathy DeVries, Step Up Trainers – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Step Up To Writing Training 2 Elementary and Secondary Teachers


1
Step Up To Writing Training 2 Elementary and
Secondary Teachers
  • October 13, 2009
  • Weber School District
  • Lil Sedgwick and Kathy DeVries,
  • Step Up Trainers
  • ksedgwick_at_weber.k12.ut.us
  • kdevries_at_weber.k12.ut.us

2
Todays Agenda
  • Problem Solving
  • Review
  • Organization and Paragraph Writing
  • Writing Process
  • Organization
  • Topic Sentences, Yellows, Reds
  • Demonstration Lesson-with Informal Outlines and
    Framed Paragraphs
  • Make and Take

3
So.Hows it going?
  • Celebrations
  • What have you tried?
  • What do you still have questions about?

4
12 Writing Process Strategies to Greatly Enhance
Student Writing
5
The Writing Process
  • Student Outcomes
  • Recognize the steps in the process
  • Understand the key elements of expository writing
  • Create informal outlines of various lengths with
    fluency

6
Strategy One Teaching the Writing Process
  • This strategy defines and introduces each step in
    the process
  • Teach the process
  • Use the process as a prompt or reference as
    students write

7
The Process for Step Up to Writing
  • 1) Prewrite
  • 2) Plan
  • 6) Write Final Copy
  • 7) Proof Read
  • 8) Share and/or Publish

8
Prewriting
  • Activities to help a person learn about, think
    about, and narrow topic.
  • Take a field trip
  • Watch a film
  • Read to gather info
  • Brainstorm, and
  • Make a cognitive map (Web, KWL)

9
Planning
  • How writers organize their thoughts and ideas
  • Planning gives form to good intentions
  • T Charts
  • Post Its Notes
  • Blocking Out
  • Informal Outline templates for all levels

10
Drafting
  • Use the plan to make a draft copy
  • Encourage students to do more than one draftthis
    is what good writers do

11
Revising
  • Changing words, sentences, and paragraphs to make
    them better
  • Adding and taking away parts that dont make
    sense

12
Editing
  • Fixing mistakes
  • Checking the common conventions

13
Editing with CUPS Strategy
C U P S
Capitalization Usage Punctuation Spelling
Binder 7-4 and 7-5
14
Writing the Final Copy
  • Consider the Neat Paper Rules

15
Writing the Final Draft Neat Paper Rules
  • Heading
  • Title
  • Margins
  • Indent
  • Cursive
  • Pencils and Pen
  • Front side of the paper
  • Edit
  • Proofread
  • My best

B (7-2)
16
Proofreading
  • Checking the paper over one more time.

17
Share and/or Publishing
  • What are some ways to accomplish this?

Document Camera Slides
18
Strategy Two Color-Coding and the 5 Elements
  • This strategy introduces students to the Traffic
    Light colors, and the elements used in all forms
    of expository writing

19
2-11, PS-69, CR-9
20
Using Colors to Teach Organization
  • Topic Sentence
  • Green means go.
  • Green asks the writer to decide What am I
    going to prove?What am I going to
    explain?What information will I share?

2-11
21
Using Colors to Teach Organization
  • Reasons/Details/Facts
  • Yellow means slow down.
  • Introduce key concepts to support the topic
    sentence.

2-11
22
Using Colors to Teach Organization
  • Explain
  • Red means stop and explain.
  • Present evidence.
  • Provide explanation and examples.

2-11
23
Using Colors to Teach Organization
  • Conclusion
  • Green means go back to your topic.
  • Restate the topic and the position.
  • Do not introduce new information.
  • Use synonyms and leave your reader with something
    to remember.

2-11
24
Ways to Teach Colors
  • Look for and highlight colors in reading
    activities
  • Matching activities
  • Your ideas-----

25
The Five Elements of Expository Writing
Section 2
26
The Table Analogy
27
The Table Analogy
28
The Table Analogy
Document Camera Slides
29
Strategy Three Planning with an Informal Outline
  • Teach this strategy to help students learn to
    plan a topic quickly and to visualize the parts
    of their paragraphs before they begin writing

Document Camera Slides
30
Color-Coding the Informal Outline and Paragraph
  • Serves as a prompt in writing
  • Serves as a means for analyzing work

31
Color Coding Activity
32
Keeping Clean Creatures of all sizes find ways
to keep themselves clean. Large animals like
elephants head to rivers to cool off and clean
up. After bathing in the cool water the elephant
powders itself. Elephants use dust as powder to
keep the bugs form biting. Rabbits also take
time to clean. They often lick their ears and
scrub them to keep them clean. Finally, little
creatures like birds enjoy bathing in puddles.
When they finish, they comb their feathers. This
is called preening. Bath time, it seems, isnt
just for you and me.
2-46 (2.70)
33
Strategy Four Accordion Paragraphs
  • This strategy helps students determine the best
    length for a clear and effective paragraph
  • Length is dependent upon
  • Topic
  • Purpose
  • Audience
  • Star Ideas/ Yellows, and
  • Elaborations/ Reds

34
Mercer and Mayer Books
35
Avoiding 5 Sentence Paragraphs
  • Can be too short to include enough details to
    make the paragraph interesting
  • Encourage students to include the Es

36
Great Expository Paragraphs
Examples, evidence, and explanations are the meat.
2.69
37
Information to back up your reasons, details, or
facts.
Examples
Events
Experiences
Explanations
Expert opinions
Elaborations
Effective illustrations
Evidence
Everyday life
Es support your topic sentence. Es make your
writing interesting and believable. Es educate
the reader.
Binder 2-46
Document Camera Slides
38
Strategy Five Determining Key/ Star Ideas with
the Thinking Game
  • Writers sometimes have problems deciding on the
    big ideas they want to write about. This
    strategy will help students practice thinking
    about their topics before creating their informal
    outlines

39
The Thinking Game
  • Give students a topic. Have students give you as
    many key/ star ideas as they can, or ask for a
    specific number
  • Keep the game oral to save time or have them
    write their ideas
  • Have students share and learn from each other
  • Great for recapping todays lesson
  • Students can practice individually or in small
    groups
  • Start, initially, with topics they have studied
    or are very familiarsports, food, toys, music,
    and so on

40
Additional Ideas for the Thinking Game
  • This is a good activity for review of
    content-area material. i.e. at the end of a math
    lesson, have students give three key/ star ideas
    to show they understand percentages
  • Have students develop informal outlines and
    color-code them. If time permits, have them
    write a paragraph based on their informal outline.

41
Let's Play the "Thinking Game"
The topic is _______ and I need ________ key/
star ideas.
42
Strategy Six The Organization Game
  • The Organization Game teaches students to think
    in categories and to sort information

43
Activity Time
Let's Get Organized
Document Camera Slides
44
Strategy Seven Informal Outlines of Various
Lengths
  • Writers sometimes may think that every paragraph
    should have a set number of key/ star ideas.
  • Teach this strategy to help students learn to
    write informal outlines of different lengths, as
    appropriate for their topic.
  • Yellows are dependent on
  • Topic, Assignment, and time available to write

45
Topic Plymouth Colony
R/D/F Hardships
e Long winter
e No food
R/D/F First Thanksgiving
e Invited Indians
B 2-9
46
Topic Plymouth Colony R/D/F Mayflower e Arrived
1620 R/D/F William Bradford e Governor e Helped
write Mayflower Compact
47
R/D/F Difficult trip across Atlantic
e Dangerous waters
e One ship turned back
e Poor living conditions
R/D/F Difficult winter
e Arrived in wrong location
e Arrived too late to plant garden
e Arrived too late to build homes
R/D/F Befriended by Indians
e Invited to first Thanksgiving
Document Camera Slides
48
Strategy Eight Teach Students to Use Smooth
Transitions
2-39
49
Expository ParagraphsNeed Transitions
Transitions
Introduce new key ideas
Connect reasons, details, or facts
Help the writer and the reader
2-39 (2.61)
50
Topic Advice to a new teacher
First, a new teacher should get organized.
Second, a new teacher should get a mentor.
51
Common Transition Sets - List A
One way - Another way First - Another -
Next First - Second - Third The first - The
second One - Then - Another One - Also One
example Another example
A good - A better - The best One - Another -
Finally First of all - Second - Last First of all
- Next - The final First of all - In addition -
Finally One - One other - Along with - Last First
- In addition Equally important
2-42 (2.65)
52
More Transition Sets
At first - After One - Equally important The
first - The second To begin - Then
consequently It started when - As a result - Then
-Thereafter At the beginning - Then - Following
this - Finally One important - Another important
- The most important Initially - Then - After
that As soon as - Next - Later - In the end To
begin - At the same time - Finally To start -
Furthermore - Additionally - Last
2-43 (2.66)
53
Vary Your Transitions
2-43 (2.62)
54
Bury Your Transitions
55
Transition Word Wheels
56
Strategy Nine Planning Guides for Organizing an
Accordion Paragraph
  • Students need to plan before writing in order to
    develop and improve their organizational skills.
  • Planning guides serve the same function as
    informal outlines.
  • Use the one that best supports the needs of your
    students

Document Camera Slides
57
Strategy Ten Train of Thought Other Practice
Guides for Writing Accordion Paragraphs
  • Using a practice guide will help students see the
    organization of a paragraph, sentence by
    sentence.
  • Use the image of a train to help students
    organize their ideas for writing.
  • Use this strategy until your students are
    comfortable writing Accordion Paragraphs

58
Train of Thought ParagraphsTeaching This Strategy
  • Compare train to traffic signal
  • Provide students with the topic sentence and
    conclusion.
  • Students decide which boxcar ideas he/ she will
    use, then draws a picture below the boxcars.
  • Students then color the train (with appropriate
    colors)
  • Students share their Train paragraphs.
  • Page 88-97 Primary Steps

59
Train of Thought Activities
60
Train of Thought
61
Train of Thought
62
Classroom Reproducibles
63
Classroom Reproducibles (2.22)
64
Using Colored Paper Strips for Informal Outlines
and Paragraphs
  • Colored strips provide a tactile and visual was
    to help students understand the organization in
    expository writing.
  • Use this activity throughout the year when
    students work in pairs or small groups.

65
An Additional Idea Color Coded Half-Page Books
66
Color Coded Half-Page Books
Great for Beginning Writers!!
Page 85 Primary Steps
67
Color-Coded Half-Page Books
  • Cut green and yellow paper in half cross wise (8
    ½ x 5 ½ )
  • Arrange the pages in the appropriate order as per
    previous slide
  • Staple them like a book
  • When students are ready they can add reds.
  • Students can add pictures to illustrate their
    writings

Students will love his/ her own book.
68
Informal Outlines and Matching Paragraphs
  • Create lots of visual pieces
  • Model informal outlines
  • Think aloud
  • Check off the words
  • Page 86 and 87 Primary Steps

69
Strategy Eleven Organization with Framed
Paragraphs
  • Using writing frames to support skill development
    and give students early success in paragraph,
    essay, and report writing.
  • This strategy is a visual means of helping
    students quickly see the parts of a paper and
    recognize the organization of essays and reports

70
Framed Topic Sentence and Boxes
  • Great for reviewing lessons or units of study
  • Excellent model for paragraph writing

Page 71 Primary Steps
71
Framed Paragraphs..
  • Good bridge between the picture only reasons,
    details, or facts and the written only formats.
  • The nice aspect is that it looks like a real
    paragraph!!
  • This serves as a great model and a super teaching
    tool!!

72
More Framed Paragraphs
  • This can be used with a variety of subject areas.
  • This format can be used over and over.
  • Remember to start with tons and tons of modeling.
  • Once students have learned the parts, start to
    pull back.
  • Maybe the teacher writes the topic and the
    students write the transition (yellows)
    independently.
  • Dont forget to have kids share his or her work.

Pages 73-84 Primary Steps
73
A Caution in Framed Paragraphs.
  • Dont move too fast
  • Framed paragraphs give kids confidence to expand
    and add reds, varied transitions, and thoughtful
    word choice.all critical skills for accomplished
    writing.

74
2 Steps for Framing a Paragraph
STEPS
TIPS
  • Create a topic sentence
  • Add transitions.
  • Try the ones in this book first.
  • Weave transitions.
  • If you use framed paragraphs for reading,
    students do not recopy the paragraph
  • If you use the framed paragraph for writing
    practice, have the students rewrite. (They will
    get the feel of a paragraph.)

75
For Framed Paragraphs
Hints
  • Best topics are subjects you study
  • Handy for subs
  • Great for weekly letters home. (This week we
    learned so many things or I had a great time at
    school and I want to tell you about two of the
    special..)

Document Camera Slides
76
Strategy Twelve Accordion Races
  • Students find Accordion Races to be a fun way to
    learn to recognize and analyze the organization
    of expository paragraphs,

Document Camera Slides
77
After the Race Questions for Discussion
  • Were the topic sentences easy to find? Why?
  • How quickly could your group find the key/ star
    ideas? Why?
  • What were the transitions in each paragraph? Did
    the transitions in the sentences help with
    organization or reading? Why? How?
  • Did this activity take careful reading? Why?
  • Could the sentences for either paragraph be
    arranged differently and still make sense?

78
(No Transcript)
79
Writing Great Topic Sentences
80
Great Expository Paragraphs
Topic sentences and thesis statements are the
heart.
2-20 (2.36)
81
Power (Number) Statements
Helpful Number Words Two, three, four, several,
many, some, a few, numerous, a couple of, a
number of, a myriad, various, plenty of
1. The new recruits learned four important
procedures. 2. In the winter I enjoy watching
several high school sports.
2-24 (2.44)
82
Power Statements
  • Must contain a number that indicates the number
    of points for items to follow.
  • I love yoga for three reasons.
  • The number may be explicit or implied.
  • I love yoga for several reasons.
  • New teachers should follow these two suggestions
    for a successful first year.

2-24 (2.44)
83
Power Statements
  • However, not just any number in a sentence will
    work.

Forty thousand people in Detroit practice yoga.
Do you want to have 40,000 yellow sentences?
2-24 (2.44)
84
Avoiding There Are
  • Start Power Statements with a
  • Who
  • What
  • Where
  • When

There Are
2-25
85
Occasion/Position Topic Sentences
  • A topic sentence that is a complex sentence
    structure and one that will add sentence variety
    and more syntactic sophistication.

86
Literature Selections with Occasion/Position
Sentences
87
Occasion/Position Statements
If the 50s party was going to be successful/
  • The Occasion
  • Is the first part of the topic sentence
  • Introduces your reason for writing
  • Can be any event, problem, idea, solution, or
    circumstance that gives you a reason to write
  • Is the dependent clause in the complex sentence
    2-21

88
Occasion/Position Statement cont.
  • The position
  • Is the second part of the topic sentence
  • States what you plan to prove or explain in your
    paragraph
  • Is the independent clause in the complex sentence

T
/the committee would need to do a lot of
research.
89
  • Use a physical prompt to help students to sense
    the dependent clause is not complete
  • Stamp foot
  • Clap hands
  • Use voice intonation

90
Occasion/Position Topic Sentences Complex
Sentence
Although my family and I have taken many
wonderful vacations,
none was more fun and exciting than our camping
trip to the Grand Canyon.
2-21 (2.39)
91
Occasion/Position Topic Sentences Complex
Sentence
1. Before you make the decision to light up a
cigarette,
consider the problems caused by smoking.
2. Even though bike helmets are sometimes
unfashionable and uncomfortable,
3. If students use chemicals to do science
experiments,
it is important that they learn the proper way to
dispose of them.
2-2 (2.39)
92
Occasion/Position Topic Sentences Complex
Sentence
Before you make the decision to light up a
cigarette,
2-21 (2.39)
93
Occasion/Position Topic Sentences Complex
Sentence
Even though bike helmets are sometimes
unfashionable and uncomfortable, all cyclists
should wear them. ___________ ___________ ____
_______
2-21 (2.39)
94
Occasion/Position Topic Sentences Complex
Sentence
Tom gets into many misadventures.
Since he is naughty
,
(2.39)
95
Occasion/Position Sentences
An Occasion/Position Statement is a complex
sentenceand begins with one of these words or
phrases.
In order that As Whether Until After Where
Unless Though Before While Even if So
that When Whenever Even Wherever As long as As
if As soon as
If
Even though Although
Since
Because
2-21 (2.39)
96
Occasion/Position Sentences
Although George Washington was president,
he was also famous.
Although George Washington was president,
he was also a farmer.
97
Power Statements vs. Occasion/Position
Statements
Power Statement New teachers should follow
these two suggestions for a successful first
year.
O/P Statement Although new teachers have
received many years of college training, a new
teacher can benefit from these simple suggestions.
2-21 (2.58)
98
However Statements
  • Creates a compound sentence
  • Independent clauses are joined bya conjunctive
    adverb

2-26
99
(No Transcript)
100
However Statements
  • The however is preceded by a semicolon and
    followed by a comma.

My father is very strict
however,
he has good reasons for all his rules.
2-26
101
However Statements
My father is very strict
102
However StatementsOther Conjunctive Adverbs
  • as a result
  • consequently
  • furthermore
  • in fact
  • meanwhile
  • likewise

Pre-service teachers are well-schooled in theory
meanwhile, the practical aspects of teaching are
ignored.
2-27
103
Topic Sentence Options
  • And, But, Or
  • Prepositions
  • To plus a Verb
  • List Statements
  • Get Their Attention
  • Side-by-Side
  • Semicolon
  • Noun, Two Comas
  • Using a Quotation

104
Writing Compound Topic Sentences With And, But,
and Or Statements
105

106
Where/When Whats Happening Topic Sentences
107
(No Transcript)
108
Things Trap
Weak As I read about Ben Franklin, I learned
two things.
  • Better As I read about Ben Franklin, I learned

2-38
109
Better Word Choices
  • Actions
  • Benefits
  • Features
  • Reasons
  • Improvements
  • Ideas
  • Items
  • Choices
  • Qualities
  • Thoughts

2-38
110
Practice Writing Topic Sentences
Family pets O/P Although he smells, Bud is a
great dog.
Side-by-Side Bud stinks, drools, and sheds all
over the house. Hes also my best companion.
111
Demonstration Lesson for Framed Paragraphs
  • Rachael Waller
  • Roy High School
  • rwaller_at_weber.k12k.ut.us

112
Next Training
  • Novenmber 17th , 2009
  • Sentence Writing
  • Vocabulary Development
  • Rubrics
  • Summary Paragraph
  • The Blues

113
Thanks for your participation!!!
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