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Kenya Vision 2030 Strategy

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Title: Kenya Vision 2030 Strategy


1
Capacity building workshop Managing ESCs as a
Driving Force of the National Dialogue on
Economic and Social Policies
TOPIC NESC Operations, Activities and Knowledge
Management
Julius M. Muia, Secretary,National Economic and
Social Council, Kenya
1
7th March, 2011, Intercontinental Hotel, Nairobi,
Kenya
2
AGENDA FOR DISCUSSION
Topic
Timing
20 Mins
  • PART A Background about NESC
  • PART B Role of NESC in facilitating dialogue
    between Public and Private sector
  • PART C Past Outputs of NESC.
  • PART D Overview of Knowledge Management
  • PART E Challenges faced by NESC
  • PART F Observations and Conclusions

3
What is NESC ?
  • NESC is a high level advisory body to the
    Government of Kenya.
  • Coordinated advise to Government on strategic
    policies aimed at promoting economic growth,
    social equity and employment creation, thereby
    reducing poverty and inequality.
  • Has 49 members serve for 3 years
  • Half are cabinet Ministers others with diverse
    experiences, knowledge and skills from Govt,
    Industry, Academia and Civil Society
  • Chaired by H.E the President and alternate
    chairman is Rt. Hon Prime Minister
  • Semi autonomous, under Office of the
    President-(Location Authority)

3
4
Evolution of NESC
  • Previous attempts were unsuccessful due to lack
    of political support.
  • Presidential Commission of 1996 and
  • Joint Industrial and Commercial Committee (JICC)
  • Formed by Kenya Gazette Notice in 2004 The 2nd
    Council was appointed November 2008.
  • Not Constitutional and not set up by act of
    parliament
  • Bill has been drafted to strengthen NESC,
    autonomy
  • ESC model is good for dialogue and policy
    formulationUCESA, AICESIS, UNDESA, UNESCO.

4
5
Stakeholders
  • Government Ministries, Departments and
  • State corporations/agencies.
  • Development Partners.
  • Private Sector-Businesses, Associations.
  • The Media.
  • Research Institutions.
  • Academia
  • Professional Groups and Associations.
  • The General Public.

5
6
Funding and Sponsoring Agencies
  • Government of Kenya - 80
  • BSPS I (2006-2010) - 20
  • DANIDA--------------------- 2/3
  • UNDP------------------------ 1/3
  • UNDP-managed Business Sector Programme Support
    -3 Outputs

Core funding of NESC Human Resources
Allowances for Council members Offices
Vehicles Research Council meetings
6
7
BSPS I Main Outputs
  • Output 1 Work plan implementation
  • Benchmarking and study tours for best practice
  • - Malaysia and Denmark (NESC model and Vision
    2030)
  • -Israel Food Security and Water and other
    technology
  • -Singapore-cooperation on Special Economic
    Zones, e-Government,
  • Public housing, Integrated transport
  • -Paris Ougadougou Cairo-ESCs and Think tanks
  • Development of the Nairobi Metro 2030 plan and
    strategy.
  • Facilitation and sponsorship of dissemination of
    Vision 2030 stakeholder forums and specialized
    groups
  • Capacity building Resource Center manager,
    Administrator, Research Fellows, interns,
    sponsorship in courses etc.

7
8
BSPS I Main outputs
  • OUTPUT 2 Support facilities for NESC
    strengthened
  • The Resource Centre with Intranet
  • Capacity building of NESC senior staff.
  • OUTPUT 3 A process of Interaction and Monitoring
    with the Public and Private Sector established.
  • Communication Policy and Strategy Framework
    developed
  • Monitoring and Evaluation Framework on going
  • PublicPrivate forums with KAM, KEPSA, Media
    owners etc

8
9
AGENDA FOR DISCUSSION
Topic
Timing
20 Mins
  • PART A Background about NESC
  • PART B Role of NESC in facilitating dialogue
    between Public and Private sector
  • PART C Past Outputs of NESC.
  • PART D Overview of Knowledge Management
  • PART E Challenges faced by NESC
  • PART F Observations and Conclusions

10
Main Functions of NESC
  • Creates forums for Government, Businesses,
    academia, labour unions to discuss policy issues
  • Gathers, analyze and compile information on key
    economic development trends and proposes policy
    alternatives.
  • Develop and recommend to the Cabinet strategic
    policy interventions to promote social equity,
    economic growth, create employment and reduce
    poverty and inequality.
  • Appraises Government policies for their
    effectiveness in achieving economic and social
    transformation.
  • Mobilizes knowledge and technical resources from
    relevant knowledge networks, including research
    and education institutions.

10
11
Mode of Operation of NESC
  • The council meets 4 times/year has met 23 times
    since 1stJanuary 2005.
  • Council is facilitated by a Secretariat based on
    4th Floor, KICC building of
  • 18 staff, 4 Research Fellows and 4 Interns.
  • Secretariat originates Council agenda and follows
    up on issues
  • raised/recommendations made during Council
    meetings.
  • The policy assignments are usually in the form
    of
  • -Research papers prepared either by Gov.
    ministries or Strategic Research Institutions
    such as KIPPRA or
  • Innovative ideas on economic and social issues
    from individual researchers or corporate
    institutions.
  • NESC facilitates these assignments through
  • Sub-committees
  • Taskforces
  • Working groups
  • Consultative forums

11
12
The 7 Committees of NESC-
- -
  • Social Issues Committee
  • Food Security and Water
  • Housing DEvelopment

Economic Issues Committee 1. Energy 2.
Competitiveness 3. Leveraging on US-Kenya
links 4. National Industrialization 5. Global
Financial Crisis
12
13
Strategic Thrusts for NESC Medium Term Strategy
2008-2012
Category 1 Deepening the Drivers identified in
Vision 2030
  • Integrated Infrastructure Development
  • Developing human capital and intellectual
    capacity for Science and Technology
  • Value Addition in industry
  • Urban Planning and Development Strateg
  • Financing of Affordable Health Care

Category 2 Additional Drivers Not Identified in
Vision 2030
1. National Values to Support Vision 2030 2.
Dealing with the Challenges of Climate Change 3.
Leveraging on ICT for Development.
Category 3 Drivers that will influence national
development beyond 2030
1. Knowledge Economy 2. Population and Resource
Maximization Dynamics in Kenya 3. Mining and
Mineral Deposits
13
14
Monitoring and Evaluation of NESC Work
  • What gets measured (internally and externally)
    gets done.
  • Evidence-based results as a measure of the
  • effectiveness of policy implementation.
  • NESC score cards
  • Annual Progress Reports compiled by Monitoring
    and Evaluation Department of Ministry of
    Planning, National Development Vision 2030
  • NESC developing electronic ME
  • 2. ME of Activities and Work Plans Government
    Performance Contacting system and BSPS I process

14
15
AGENDA FOR DISCUSSION
Topic
Timing
20 Mins
  • PART A Background about NESC
  • PART B Role of NESC in facilitating dialogue
    between Public and Private sector
  • PART C Past Outputs of NESC.
  • PART D Overview of Knowledge Management
  • PART E Challenges faced by NESC
  • PART F Observations and Conclusions

16
NESC Outputs Summary
  • Policy Recommendations to government-letter and
    public press releases
  • Economic
  • Social
  • Political
  • Research and Studies-Published and disseminated
  • Related to policy agenda of NESC.
  • Opinions- Mainly through policy briefs on ongoing
    agenda of NESC.
  • Initiate action on some policy agenda-Cluster
    strategy for productivity and
  • competitiveness.
  • Influence implementation of policy as members of
    task forces etc.

16
17
FROM DEC 2006-DEC 2007 NESC FACILITATED THE
DEVELOPMENT OF A VISION 2030 FOR KENYAS
DEVELOPMENT
Overarching vision A globally competitive and
prosperous nation with a high quality of life by
2030
Vi-sion
Social A just and cohesive society enjoying
equitable social development in a clean and
secure environment
Political An issue-based, people-centered,
result-oriented, and accountable democratic
political system
Economic To maintain a sustained economic growth
of 10 p.a. over the next 25 years
Strategy
Plans and implementation
Transversal Reforms and Foundations
17
18
NATIONAL ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL www.nesc.go.k
e
H. E. The President. Hon . Mwai Kibaki, Rt. Hon.
Prime Minister, Hon Raila A. Ondinga, Vice
President, Hon. Steepeen Kalonzo Musyoka and the
Minister for Planning, National Development and
Vision 2030, Hon Wicliffe Opraranya during the
Launch of the Kenya Vision 2030 Ceremony at KICC,
Nairobi on 10th June 2008.
18
19
Past Policy Agenda of NESC- General
  • Vision 2030 Long term Development plan
  • Infrastructure/foundations of the Vision,
  • Economic pillar,
  • Social pillar,
  • Political pillar
  • Renaming of a Ministry to Ministry of Planning,
    National Development
  • Vision 2030
  • Building a positive image for Kenya, locally and
    internationally,
  • Making Nairobi a Regional Services-Hub that led
    to establishment of the
  • Ministry of Nairobi Metropolitan Development
    in 2008.
  • Science, Technology and Innovation Policy that
    led to the re-establishment
  • of the Ministry of Higher Education, Science
    and Technology in 2008.

19
20
Past Policy Agenda of NESC Economic
  • Monetary Policy Advisory Committee of Central
    Bank of Kenya.
  • Introduction of Infrastructure Bonds in Kenya as
    an alternative means to finance Infrastructure.
  • Value addition on tea, cotton and textiles,
    hides, skins leather and leather products, nuts
    and edible oils.
  • Transformation of pension and retirement savings
    into long-term funds for financing investment.

20
21
Past Policy Agenda of NESC-Economic cont..
  • Harmonization and utilization of all devolved
    funds.
  • Comprehensive geological survey to determine the
    mineral potential in
  • the country.
  • Strategies to transform Kenya into a 24 Hour
    Economy
  • Cluster Strategy for Productivity and
    Competitiveness in industry.
  • Advised on policy on Mining and Mineral deposits

21
22
Past Policy Agenda of NESC-Political
Social Policies
  • National Value policy for Kenya
  • Proposals for accessible and affordable health
    care financing strategy
  • Integrated Population Registration System (IPRS).
  • Initiation of Integrated Employment Creation led
    to Youth Ent Fund etc

Political Policies
  • Government to embrace economic diplomacy in its
    foreign policy.
  • Leveraging on US-Kenya links

22
23
Reports from Researches/Studies by NESC
  • Infrastructure Bond Report
  • Growth, Poverty and Inequality in Kenya
  • Suggested Policy Interventions
  • 24 Hour economy-next frontier in Kenyas
    development
  • Lake Victoria Fish Value Chain Project.-Min of
    Fisheries
  • Unemployment in Kenya A situational analysis.
  • Communication Policy and Strategy Framework for
    NESC
  • Guidelines for Publication Dissemination of
    NESC Papers

Economic
Social
Knowledge Management
23
24
Ongoing Studies/Reports by NESC
  • Social Policy.
  • Integrating Vision 2030 into the curriculum of
    educational institutions
  • Unemployment in Kenya Proposed Policy
    Interventions
  • National Values for Kenya Policy and
    Publications
  • Economic Policy
  • Marketing Infrastructure
  • Enhancing Kenyas Competitiveness in COMESA
    East African Community
  • National Cluster Policy and National Cluster
    Programme

24
25
AGENDA FOR DISCUSSION
Topic
Timing
20 Mins
  • PART A Background about NESC
  • PART B Role of NESC in facilitating dialogue
    between Public and Private sector
  • PART C Past Outputs of NESC.
  • PART D Overview of Knowledge Management
  • PART E Challenges faced by NESC
  • PART F Observations and Conclusions

26
Knowledge Management Macro Aspects
  • Ministry of Planning, National Development and
    Vision 2030 spear heading Knowledge Management
    Africa Initiative
  • Science, Technology and Innovations Bill Govt
    Ministry of Higher Education, Science and
    Technology.
  • E-government as a department in Office of the
    President
  • Ministry of Information and Communication.
  • NESC policy agenda on Knowledge Economy.

26
27
Knowledge Management Aspects Cont
  • Creating Knowledge
  • Council members are experts
  • Committees of NESC that co-opt experts
  • NESC secretariat has experts Research fellows
  • Use of Resource Center-Internet/Library Resources
    etc
  • Commission research on policy agenda
  • Consultative meetings/Brainstorming
  • Workshops to seek consensus and disseminate
  • Receive comments andsuggestion from public and
    experts

27
28
Knowledge Management Aspects Cont
  • Improving Knowledge Assets
  • Capacity building of NESC secretariat and Council
    members through training, courses, study tours,
    participation in workshops, conferences
  • Seeking best practices by membership to UCESA,
    AICESIS
  • Collaboration and support from Development
    partners-Danida and UNDP
  • Use of ICT Every member of Staff has a computer
  • Resource center facility with many resources
    available.
  • Intranet facility for Resource Center to store
    documents/materials

28
29
Knowledge Management Aspects Cont
  • Enhancing Knowledge Environment
  • NESC Communication Policy and Strategy
  • Publication Guidelines
  • Policy Briefs, Policy Recommendations, Press
    Releases, Research Papers etc
  • ICT infrastructure
  • Web-based communication
  • Links with knowledge institutions-Think tanks,
    Associations of ESCs etc
  • Dedicated Knowledge Management Resources
  • Focus on ME

29
30
AGENDA FOR DISCUSSION
Topic
Timing
20 Mins
  • PART A Background about NESC
  • PART B Role of NESC in facilitating dialogue
    between Public and Private sector
  • PART C Past Outputs of NESC.
  • PART D Overview of Knowledge Management
  • PART E Challenges faced by NESC
  • PART F Observations and Conclusions

31
Challenges
  • Too many requests and proposals from various
    stakeholders.
  • Interest of different groups for consideration as
    members of NESC e.g. disabled, MSMEs.
  • Achieving coordinating policy development (silos,
    empire building, information asymmetry).
  • Financial requirements to carry out tasks gt
    budgetary allocations
  • Capacity constraints of resources Time, Space
    Human resources Information (Data), research
    requirements etc.

31
32
Challenges Cont
  • Developing country Too many urgent and
    diversionary problems
  • Ethics and Values of Kenyans that hinder policy
    formulation and implementation.
  • Slow implementation of policies-Challenge to
    coordinate and choose.
  • Effective Communication to both internal and
    external stakeholders.
  • Indiscipline in timely delivery of results
  • Interferences in policy formulation and
    implementation by international org with
    incongruent interests.

32
33
AGENDA FOR DISCUSSION
Topic
Timing
20 Mins
  • PART A Background about NESC
  • PART B Role of NESC in facilitating dialogue
    between Public and Private sector
  • PART C Past Outputs of NESC.
  • PART D Overview of Knowledge Management
  • PART E Challenges faced by NESC
  • PART F Observations and Conclusions

34
Leverage position of NESC
  • NESC has established close relationships and
    interaction at all levels with Government,
    Private sector, Academia, Development Partners
    etc
  • NESC has huge capacity to share knowledge and
    research on many areas by mounting
    inter-ministerial and cross-sectoral
    initiativies.
  • NESC has an established research network through
    experienced research fellows and is respected by
    stakeholders.
  • A lot of this initiatives by NESC are believable
    and are linked to the Kenya Vision 2030, which
    NESC closely monitors and evaluates.
  • Government ministries, other institutions and
    members of the public find NESC a viable vehicle
    to channel policy issues.
  • Location of NESC within Office of the President,
    enables it to reach out to many stake holders for
    wide consultations.
  • Recommendations of NESC are taken as official
    government polcy

34
35
END
THANK YOU
35
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