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Highlights from National Vision Council Survey on Citizen Views on Selected Aspects on Vision 2016 Pillars

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SOURCES OF INFORMATION ON VISION Public radio stations are the most preferred source of information It is imperative that the nation has multiple avenues for ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Highlights from National Vision Council Survey on Citizen Views on Selected Aspects on Vision 2016 Pillars


1
National Vision 2016 Citizen Household Opinion
Survey
  • Highlights from National Vision Council Survey on
    Citizen Views on Selected Aspects on Vision 2016
    Pillars
  • A Presentation to Members of Parliament
  • Dr C. Monkge, Coordinator , Vision 2016
  • 9 December 2010

2
Background (i)
  • Vision Council required to report progress
    against 2016 pillars
  • This study focuses on citizen views towards
    Vision 2016
  • Council engaged BIDPA to conduct study
  • Study also asks on views about the running of the
    Vision per-se
  • Citizen views historically unaccounted for in
    many of the sources of information on Vision 2016

3
BACKGROUND (ii)
  • This survey is based on broad Vision 2016
    indicators
  • Traditionally data unavailability a challenge for
    monitoring Vision 2016 progress
  • This issue is severe at district and sub district
    level
  • Survey conducted in 15 administrative districts
    of Botswana
  • Study began before Sowa designated administrative
    district
  • It covered1200 citizens located in their
    households
  • The CSO threshold for representation is 700
    households
  • Using household as a prerequisite for
    interviewing was intended to enable follow-up in
    the next survey session

4
BACKGROUND (iii)
  • For reasons of space and time, this summary
    presents only national aggregate figures
  • However the main report has cross tabulations on
    district gender age and education
  • Main report also attempts comparisons with other
    sources of information on Vision 2016 (e.g.
    Botswanas Performance Report, MDGs Report)
  • Direct comparisons however are not possible since
    this is an opinion survey the other two are
    factual
  • Important to note this is a BASELINE study. It
    establishes referential data for future studies

5
COMPARISON OF SAMPLE WITH NATIONAL
FIGURES/INDICATORS
  • 59 respondents were female
  • Often women work in the informal sector-likely to
    be home
  • Women therefore over-represented by about 7 in
    the sample
  • 45 of the respondents are under the age of 29,
    in line with national population trends where
    43 under 29 yrs
  • Over 60s 7 whereas nationally they are 6
  • Over 90 respondents had formal educational
    qualification (Nationally literacy 81)
  • JC holders are the biggest single group of
    qualification at 27
  • 5.5 of sample never attended school (Nationally
    it is 10.5 never attended school)
  •  

6
VIEWS ON VISION 2016
  • Vision 2016 intends Prosperity for All by 2016
  • As this is five years to 2016, buy in by citizens
    is crucial
  • The majority (63)of respondents seem to share
    this view to varying degrees

7
Heard About the Vision?
  • 5 years to 2016, it is imperative that the
    Vision is more visibleto build awareness and
    even ownership
  • Apparently the Vision does not reach about 7 of
    the nation
  • Must Vision Council do more?

8
Sources of Information on Vision
  • Public radio stations are the most preferred
    source of information
  • It is imperative that the nation has multiple
    avenues for information on Vision 2016
  • Indicators on Vision 2016 can also be used as a
    proxy for sources to information nationally
  • Most citizens rank reading papers (both public
    and private) lower than radio and Tv
  • Overall most respondents rate private print media
    over government print media

9
Informed Nation Ranking of Information Sources
10
Progress on reaching pillar 1 goals
  • The Vision 2016 founding document has the
    following excerpts on this goal
  • The next Millennium will usher in an information
    driven society throughout the world...Information
    must be harnessed to the best advantage of all
    citizens (Vision 2016)
  • Education is an investment that will lead to a
    higher quality of human capacity and productivity
    in the future and to a better quality of life for
    everyone. (Vision 2016)

11
Pillar 1 SECTOR RATINGS
  • The majority of the respondents think government
    is doing good with regard to Information
    Technology
  • The majority also rated government good with
    regard to Education

12
PROGRESS ON REACHING 2016 GOALS-PILLAR 2
  • The Vision 2016 founding document has the
    following excerpts on this goal
  • By the year 2016 Botswana will have reached full
    employment, where the total jobs available in the
    formal or informal sectors is in balance with the
    number of job seekers
  • Botswana will have a vibrant and energetic
    economy that is able to meet the competitive
    demands of the 21st century and attractive
    investors (Vision 2016 Booklet)
  • Electricity received a good rating. Possibly
    due to announcement of P 5000 uniform connection
    fee?
  • Roads, housing, land allocation, rural
    development, and employment all rated poor

13
PILLAR 2 SECTOR RATINGS
14
REACHING 2016 GOALS-PILLAR 3
  • Vision Pillar 3 focuses on harnessing social,
    economic and other resources for the protection
    and nurturing of Botswanas less well off
  • The Vision 2016 founding document has the
    following excerpts on this goal
  • Botswana will be a compassionate and caring
    society, offering support and opportunity to
    those who are poor, and including all people in
    the benefits of growth (Vision 2016 booklet)
  • By the year 2016 Botswana will have eradicated
    absolute poverty, so that no part of the country
    will have people living with incomes below the
    appropriate poverty datum line (Vision 2016
    booklet)
  • There will be a social safety net for those who
    find themselves in poverty for any reason
    (Vision 2016 booklet)
  • By the year 2016, all Batswana will have access
    to good quality health facilities (Vision 2016
    booklet)
  • All sectors rated above 50 good.
  • Food security the exception

15
PILLAR 3 SECTOR RATINGS
16
PILLAR 4 SAFE AND SECURE NATION
  • Safety and security of any nation is required to
    ensure that citizens can realize their abilities
    to the fullest
  • The Vision 2016 founding document has the
    following excerpts on this goal
  • By the year 2016, serious and violent crime and
    the illegal possession of firearms will be
    eliminated, as will the distribution and use of
    addictive drugs
  • By the year 2016, violation of the physical
    well-being and human rights of individuals will
    be completely eradicated (Vision 2016 Booklet)
  • Respondents rate government positively in both
    crime reduction and national security

17
Safe and Secure Nation (Ratings)
18
Dealing with antisocial behaviour
  • Effectively dealing with antisocial behaviour
    engenders positive attitudes from the community
  • Respondents agree that the police and local
    leaders are effective in this

19
Managing antisocial behaviour involving
communities
  • Respondents agree that the police involve them in
    fighting antisocial behaviours
  • Involving the community is important in
    engendering ownership of policing programs

20
PILLAR 5OPEN, DEMOCRATIC AND ACCOUNTABLE SOCIETY
  • Botswana is continually rated highly by external
    agencies and governments for democratic
    credentials
  • The Vision 2016 founding document has the
    following excerpts on this goal
  • Botswanas tradition of democracy is one of its
    strongest assets, and gives it the stability that
    it will need in the future (Vision 2016 booklet)
  • The Botswana of 2016 will emphasize the
    accountability of all citizens, from the State
    President down to community leaders for their
    actions and decisions (Vision 2016 booklet)
  • Botswana must introduce a Freedom of Information
    Act that will protect the rights of citizens to
    have access to information, and to ensure the
    accountability of all public and private
    institutions.

21
Satisfaction with Way Govt is Run
  • Some indicators such as Satisfaction with
    Government not usually accounted for
  • Overall Central Government rated good
  • Local Government however rated poor

22
Amenability to Constitutional Changes
  • Overall, 72 of citizens indicated positive
    attitude to constitutional changes,

23
Preferred Constitutional Changes
  • Direct election of the president the most
    favoured change
  • Discontinuation of specially elected councillors
    least favoured change

24
MPs and Interests they Represent
  • Members of Parliament are meant to give
    expression to their constituents.
  • Respondents feel that MPs do NOT truly represent
    voters

25
Voting in the Last Elections (2009)
26
VOTING BY SEX (2009)
27
REASONS FOR VOTING
28
REASONS FOR NOT VOTING
29
INFLUENCES ON VOTING
30
Confidence in Selected State Institutions
  • State defined broadly, not just government as
    per common use
  • Political parties, trade unions, banks and
    parliament all get below 50 confidence rating.
  • Does the presence of parliament trade unions and
    political , show a representational deficit?

31
Confidence in Judicial Institutions
  • An independent, impartial Judicial branch is
    important for ensuring accountability
  • Newly established courts (Small Claims,
    Industrial) get below 50 rating. Is this due to
    lack of exposure?

32
EQUAL AND FAIR JUSTICE BY 2016?
  • 60 believe the justice will be based on equality
    and fairness in 2016
  • 28 strongly agree and 32 tend to agree
  • 18 strongly disagree and 15 tend to
    disagree

33
PILLAR 6 MORAL AND TOLERANT NATION
  • Vision 2016 says
  • No citizen of the future Botswana will be
    disadvantaged as a result of gender, age,
    religion or creed, color, national or ethnic
    origin, location, language or political opinions
    (Vision 2016 booklet)

34
Tolerance in Our Communities
  • Respondents indicate Botswana a nation that
    tolerates its diversity over 50 indicate
    definitely agree to various types of
    tolerance
  • Racial discrimination the exception. Perhaps due
    to the issue of illegal immigration and crime?

35
Antisocial Behaviours in Our Communities
  • Drunkenness and loitering teenagers appear the
    most prevalent sources of antisocial behaviour

36
Respect in Public Spaces
37
PILLAR 7UNITED AND PROUD NATION
  • Vision 2016 says
  • The country will still possess a diverse mix of
    cultures, languages, traditions and people
    sharing a common destiny. We will harness all of
    that diversity (Vision 2016 booklet)

38
UNPAID HELP TO OTHERS?
  • Batswana tend to be supportive of each other
  • 74 indicate had offered unpaid help to unknown
  • However 26 indicated otherwise

39
Voluntary organisations (MEMBERSHIP)
  • Generally Batswana are NOT members of community
    development organisations
  • This is a cause for concern as organised activity
    at community level is a source for empowerment
    and participation
  • Crime fighting is highest at a still low 23
    membership

40
Satisfaction with Our Communities
  • Being satisfied with our communities could
    engender spirit of ownership, likely to lead to
    engaged citizens
  • Overall, respondents indicate positive
    satisfaction with our communities as places to
    live

41
Happiness in Botswana
  • Overall, respondents indicate a happy nation

42
RECOMMENDATIONS
  • Parliament, political parties and trade unions
    need to improve their image among stakeholders
  • Further reflection may be necessary on
    constitutional reforms and
  • MPs to reflect on how they are perceived and
    build trust and confidence.
  • Need for review of electoral act and consider
    suggestions on how to increase turnout at
    elections(voting on weekends)
  • Holiday for voting?
  • Consideration be made to know why people think
    political representatives represent own interests
    and
  • Consider teaching voters on role of political
    representatives vis voters social
    expectations???

43
The End
  • Thank You for Listening!
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