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The Lymphatic System and Immunity

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The Lymphatic System and Immunity Innate (Nonspecific) Immunity Adaptive (Specific) Immunity Acquired Immunity Anatomy Grab Bag $100 $100 $100 $100 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Lymphatic System and Immunity


1
The Lymphatic System and Immunity

Innate (Nonspecific) Immunity
Adaptive (Specific) Immunity
Acquired Immunity
Anatomy
Grab Bag
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FINAL ROUND
2
Anatomy 100 Question
  • These are functions of the lymphatic system
    except
  • a. removes excess fluid from tissues
  • b. absorbs fats from the digestive tract
  • c. defends the body against
    microorganisms and other foreign substances
  • d. regulates body temperature

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
3
Anatomy 100 Answer
  • These are functions of the lymphatic system
    except
  • a. removes excess fluid from tissues
  • b. absorbs fats from the digestive tract
  • c. defends the body against
    microorganisms and other foreign substances
  • d. regulates body temperature

BACK TO GAME
4
Anatomy 200 Question
  • This statement best describes lymph nodes
  • a. filter lymph
  • b. are where lymphocytes divide and
    increase in number
  • c. contain a network of reticular fibers
  • d. contain lymphatic sinuses
  • e. all of the above

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
5
Anatomy 200 Answer
  • This statement best describes lymph nodes
  • a. filter lymph
  • b. are where lymphocytes divide and
    increase in number
  • c. contain a network of reticular fibers
  • d. contain lymphatic sinuses
  • e. all of the above

BACK TO GAME
6
Anatomy 300 Question
  • Given the following
  • 1. blood capillaries
  • 2. lymphatic vessels
  • 3. interstitial spaces
  • 4. lymphatic capillaries
  • 5. lymphatic ducts
  • 6. subclavian veins
  • Give the correct order according to the sequence
    of fluid flow.
  • a. 3,2,1,4,5,6 c. 6,5,4,3,2,1
  • b. 1,3,4,2,5,6 d. 1,5,2,6,3,4

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
7
Anatomy 300 Answer
  • Given the following
  • 1. blood capillaries
  • 2. lymphatic vessels
  • 3. interstitial spaces
  • 4. lymphatic capillaries
  • 5. lymphatic ducts
  • 6. subclavian veins
  • Give the correct order according to the sequence
    of fluid flow.
  • a. 3,2,1,4,5,6 c. 6,5,4,3,2,1
  • b. 1,3,4,2,5,6 d. 1,5,2,6,3,4

BACK TO GAME
8
Anatomy 400 Question
  • This statement best describes the spleen
  • a. it has white pulp that is associated
    with the venous supply
  • b. it has red pulp that is associated
    with the arterial supply
  • c. filters lymph and puts it back in the
    blood
  • d. acts as a blood reservoir
  • e. destroys worn-out lymphocytes.

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
9
Anatomy 400 Answer
  • This statement best describes the spleen
  • a. it has white pulp that is associated
    with the venous supply
  • b. it has red pulp that is associated
    with the arterial supply
  • c. filters lymph and puts it back in the
    blood
  • d. acts as a blood reservoir
  • e. destroys worn-out lymphocytes

BACK TO GAME
10
Anatomy 500 Question
  • If the right lymphatic duct became blocked, this
    effect would be evident
  • a. swelling of the left arm
  • b. swelling of the right arm
  • c. swelling of the right leg
  • d. swelling of the left leg
  • e. b and c
  • f. a, c, and d

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
11
Anatomy 500 Answer
  • If the right lymphatic duct became blocked, this
    effect would be evident
  • a. swelling of the left arm
  • b. swelling of the right arm
  • c. swelling of the right leg
  • d. swelling of the left leg
  • e. b and c
  • f. a, c, and d

BACK TO GAME
12
Innate (Nonspecific) Immunity 100 Question
  • These are all examples of mechanical mechanisms
    that prevent entry of microorganisms into the
    body except
  • a. tears to wash the eyes
  • b. saliva in the mouth
  • c. skin
  • d. cilia in the respiratory tract
  • e. complement cascade

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
13
Innate (Nonspecific) Immunity 100 Answer
  • These are all examples of mechanical mechanisms
    that prevent entry of microorganisms into the
    body except
  • a. tears to wash the eyes
  • b. saliva in the mouth
  • c. skin
  • d. cilia in the respiratory tract
  • e. complement cascade

BACK TO GAME
14
Innate (Nonspecific) Immunity 200 Question
  • This group of proteins is activated by a series
    of reactions, in which one activated chemical
    then activates another and promotes
    inflammation, phagocytosis, and cell lysis
  • a. complement
  • b. interferon
  • c. lysozyme
  • d. mucus
  • e. sebum

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
15
Innate (Nonspecific) Immunity 200 Answer
  • This group of proteins is activated by a series
    of reactions, in which one activated chemical
    then activates another and promotes
    inflammation, phagocytosis, and cell lysis
  • a. complement
  • b. interferon
  • c. lysozyme
  • d. mucus
  • e. sebum

BACK TO GAME
16
Innate (Nonspecific) Immunity 300 Question
  • Interferons are antiviral proteins that stop
    viral reproduction in neighboring cells by
    preventing the production of viral nucleic acids
    and proteins.
  • True/False

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
17
Innate (Nonspecific) Immunity 300 Answer
  • Interferons are antiviral proteins that stop
    viral reproduction in neighboring cells by
    preventing the production of viral nucleic acids
    and proteins.
  • True/False

BACK TO GAME
18
Innate (Nonspecific) Immunity 400 Question
  • Dust cells, microglia, and Kupffer cells are
    examples of these
  • a. basophils
  • b. eosinophils
  • c. lymphocytes
  • d. macrophages
  • e. neutrophils

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
19
Innate (Nonspecific) Immunity 400 Answer
  • Dust cells, microglia, and Kupffer cells are
    examples of these
  • a. basophils
  • b. eosinophils
  • c. lymphocytes
  • d. macrophages
  • e. neutrophils

BACK TO GAME
20
Innate (Nonspecific) Immunity 500 Question
  • This condition does not occur during the
    inflammatory response
  • a. histamine and other chemical
    mediators are released
  • b. chemotaxis of phagocytes
  • c. fibrinogen enters tissues from the blood
  • d. vasoconstriction of blood vessels
  • e. increased permeability of
    blood vessels

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
21
Innate (Nonspecific) Immunity 500 Answer
  • This condition does not occur during the
    inflammatory response
  • a. histamine and other chemical
    mediators are released
  • b. chemotaxis of phagocytes
  • c. fibrinogen enters tissues from the blood
  • d. vasoconstriction of blood vessels
  • e. increased permeability of
    blood vessels

BACK TO GAME
22
Adaptive (Specific) Immunity 100 Question
  • This statement describes antigens
  • a. are foreign substances introduced into
    the body
  • b. are molecules produced by the body
  • c. stimulate an adaptive immune system
    response
  • d. all of the above

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
23
Adaptive (Specific) Immunity 100 Answer
  • This statement describes antigens
  • a. are foreign substances introduced into
    the body
  • b. are molecules produced by the body
  • c. stimulate an adaptive immune system
    response
  • d. all of the above

BACK TO GAME
24
Adaptive (Specific) Immunity 200 Question
  • This statement describes the function of
    antibodies
  • a. prevent antigens from binding together
  • b. promote phagocytosis
  • c. inhibit inflammation
  • d. block complement activation
  • e. prevent breakdown of foreign
    antigens

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
25
Adaptive (Specific) Immunity 200 Answer
  • This statement describes the function of
    antibodies
  • a. prevent antigens from binding
    together
  • b. promote phagocytosis
  • c. inhibit inflammation
  • d. block complement activation
  • e. prevent breakdown of foreign
    antigens

BACK TO GAME
26
Adaptive (Specific) Immunity 300 Question
  • This statement describes B cells
  • a. are stimulated by helper T cells
  • b. are produced in the thymus
  • c. release cytokines
  • d. cause cell lysis
  • e. all of these

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
27
Adaptive (Specific) Immunity 300 Answer
  • This statement describes B cells
  • a. are stimulated by helper T cells
  • b. are produced in the thymus
  • c. release cytokines
  • d. cause cell lysis
  • e. all of these

BACK TO GAME
28
Adaptive (Specific) Immunity 400 Question
  • This best describes the activity of cytokines
  • a. promote inflammation
  • b. activate macrophages
  • c. kill target cells by causing them to
    lyse
  • d. all of the above

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
29
Adaptive (Specific) Immunity 400 Answer
  • This best describes the activity of cytokines
  • a. promote inflammation
  • b. activate macrophages
  • c. kill target cells by causing them to
    lyse
  • d. all of the above

BACK TO GAME
30
Adaptive (Specific) Immunity 500 Question
  • These proteins are known as CD4 and CD8
  • a. attachment proteins on the surfaces of
    helper-T and cytotoxic T-cells
  • b. different protein chains seen in IgG and
    IgM antibodies
  • c. proteins on microbes that identify
    them as foreign
  • d. the proteins that antigen-presenting
    cells display along with foreign antigens

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
31
Adaptive (Specific) Immunity 500 Answer
  • These proteins are known as CD4 and CD8
  • a. attachment proteins on the surfaces of
    helper-T and cytotoxic T-cells
  • b. different protein chains seen in IgG and
    IgM antibodies
  • c. proteins on microbes that identify
    them as foreign
  • d. the proteins that antigen-presenting
    cells display along with foreign
    antigens

BACK TO GAME
32
Acquired Immunity100 Question
  • A vaccine produces its effects by this
  • a. directly attacking the antigens and
    neutralizing them
  • b. opsonization
  • c. stimulating a primary immune
    response
  • d. causing cell lysis

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
33
Acquired Immunity100 Answer
  • A vaccine produces its effects by this
  • a. directly attacking the antigens and
    neutralizing them
  • b. opsonization
  • c. stimulating a primary immune
    response
  • d. causing cell lysis

BACK TO GAME
34
Acquired Immunity 200 Question
  • This type of resistance is acquired as a result
    of developing and recovering from a disease
  • a. naturally acquired active immunity
  • b. artificially acquired active immunity
  • c. artificially acquired passive immunity
  • d. naturally acquired passive immunity

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
35
Acquired Immunity 200 Answer
  • This type of resistance is acquired as a result
    of developing and recovering from a disease
  • a. naturally acquired active immunity
  • b. artificially acquired active immunity
  • c. artificially acquired passive immunity
  • d. naturally acquired passive immunity

BACK TO GAME
36
Acquired Immunity 300 Question
  • Antisera is available for microorganisms that
    cause this
  • a. rabies
  • b. tetanus
  • c. botulism
  • d. black widow spider bites
  • e. all of these

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
37
Acquired Immunity 300 Answer
  • Antisera is available for microorganisms that
    cause this
  • a. rabies
  • b. tetanus
  • c. botulism
  • d. black widow spider bites
  • e. all of these

BACK TO GAME
38
Acquired Immunity 400 Question
  • Passive natural immunity results from the
    transfer of antibodies from a mother to her child
    across the placenta before birth.
  • True/False

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
39
Acquired Immunity 400 Answer
  • Passive natural immunity results from the
    transfer of antibodies from a mother to her child
    across the placenta before birth.
  • True/False

BACK TO GAME
40
Acquired Immunity 500 Question
  • Booster shots are given some time after the
    original dose was administered for these purposes
    except
  • a. stimulates a secondary (memory) response
  • b. large amounts of antibodies are
    formed
  • c. the original dose has worn off
  • d. provides longer-lasting immunity

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
41
Acquired Immunity 500 Answer
  • Booster shots are given some time after the
    original dose was administered for these purposes
    except
  • a. stimulates a secondary (memory) response
  • b. large amounts of antibodies are
    formed
  • c. the original dose has worn off
  • d. provides longer-lasting immunity

BACK TO GAME
42
Grab Bag100 Question
  • This statement best describes neutrophils
  • a. enlarge to become macrophages
  • b. account for most of the dead cells in
    pus
  • c. are usually the last cell type to
    enter infected tissues
  • d. are usually located in lymphatic and
    blood sinuses

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
43
Grab Bag 100 Answer
  • This statement best describes neutrophils
  • a. enlarge to become macrophages
  • b. account for most of the dead cells in
    pus
  • c. are usually the last cell type to
    enter infected tissues
  • d. are usually located in lymphatic and
    blood sinuses

BACK TO GAME
44
Grab Bag 200 Question
  • Complement is involved in this
  • a. only adaptive immunity
  • b. only innate immunity
  • c. both adaptive and innate immunity

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
45
Grab Bag 200 Answer
  • Complement is involved in this
  • a. only adaptive immunity
  • b. only innate immunity
  • c. both adaptive and innate immunity

BACK TO GAME
46
Grab Bag 300 Question
  • This is an example of innate immunity
  • a. tears and saliva wash away
    microorganisms
  • b. basophils release histamine and
    leukotrienes
  • c. neutrophils phagocytize a
    microorganism
  • d. activation of the complement cascade
  • e. all of the above

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
47
Grab Bag 300 Answer
  • This is an example of innate immunity
  • a. tears and saliva wash away
    microorganisms
  • b. basophils release histamine and
    leukotrienes
  • c. neutrophils phagocytize a
    microorganism
  • d. activation of the complement cascade
  • e. all of the above

BACK TO GAME
48
Grab Bag 400 Question
  • This antibody accounts for 80-85 of serum
    antibodies, can cross the placenta, and is
    responsible for Rh reactions
  • a. IgA
  • b. IgD
  • c. IgE
  • d. IgG
  • e. IgM

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
49
Grab Bag 400 Answer
  • This antibody accounts for 80-85 of serum
    antibodies, can cross the placenta, and is
    responsible for Rh reactions
  • a. IgA
  • b. IgD
  • c. IgE
  • d. IgG
  • e. IgM

BACK TO GAME
50
Grab Bag 500 Question
  • As the result of a bee sting, Joe B. Hive had an
    immediate severe reaction, and nearly died. This
    reaction was caused by
  • a. B cells
  • b. T cells
  • c. natural killer cells
  • d. macrophages
  • e. neutrophils

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
51
Grab Bag 500 Answer
  • As the result of a bee sting, Joe B. Hive had an
    immediate severe reaction, and nearly died. This
    reaction was caused by
  • a. B cells
  • b. T cells
  • c. natural killer cells
  • d. macrophages
  • e. neutrophils

BACK TO GAME
52
FINAL ROUND Question
  • Elimination of an antigen stops the production of
    antibodies in this manner
  • a. antigens cannot combine with MHC class
    II molecules
  • b. no signal to cause lymphocytes to
    proliferate
  • c. causes depression of helper T-cells
  • d. a and b
  • e. all of these

ANSWER
BACK TO GAME
53
FINAL ROUND Answer
  • Elimination of an antigen stops the production of
    antibodies in this manner
  • a. antigens cannot combine with MHC class
    II molecules
  • b. no signal to cause lymphocytes to
    proliferate
  • c. causes depression of helper T-cells
  • d. a and b
  • e. all of these

BACK TO GAME
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