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School-to-Career The Importance of Career Development A Paradigm Shift in Career Development and Planning Collaboration and Effective Career Development

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Title: School-to-Career The Importance of Career Development A Paradigm Shift in Career Development and Planning Collaboration and Effective Career Development


1
School-to-CareerThe Importance of Career
DevelopmentA Paradigm Shift in Career
Development and Planning Collaboration and
Effective Career Development
  • Santa Barbara County STC Collaborative

School-to-Career Meeting 4.29.04
2
Todays Goals
  • Understand the importance of career development
    or Why career development?
  • Share the need for a new kind of career
    development.
  • Highlight the need for collaboration to develop
    an effective career development system.

3
  • The Critical Importance
  • of Effective
  • Career Development

4
Why Career Development?
  • Results in improved matches between people and
    their work which manifests itself in improved
    utilization of education and training resources,
    higher level of worker satisfaction, preferred
    patterns of employment stability and mobility,
    increased income and benefits, and many attendant
    benefits to families and communities.
  • Extensive body of evidence regarding the
    educational, social and economic value of career
    information and services that foster informed and
    considered career decisions
  • 17 percent of Americans change jobs each year (20
    million job changers) and 10 percent of the
    workforce need career planning (14 million people)

5
Without Effective Career Development
  • Too few students see personal relevance in their
    studies
  • 28 of 12th-grade high school students believe
    that their school work is meaningful
  • 21 believe their course work is interesting
  • 39 percent believe that school work will have any
    bearing on their success in later life. (National
    Center for Education Statistics and reported in
    The Condition of Education 2002)
  • In the largest 32 urban districts in our country,
    only 50 of students who enroll in high school
    actually graduate (The Carnegie Institute of
    Washington)
  • California has a 37 dropout rate from public
    school

6
Without Effective Career Development
  • Most career decision-making is unintentional and
    uninformed.
  • 10 of high school students say they have never
    received meaningful career guidance at school
  • gt 65 of 11th and 12th graders never had a
    one-on-one meeting with their school counselor to
    discuss post-secondary and career opportunities
  • 78 of students credit their parents as the top
    adult influence regarding career planning Source
    Ferris State University, April 2002
  • 65 of working adults do not believe they are in
    the right job
  • (NCDA/Gallup, 1999)

7
Recent Research ShowsWith Effective Career
Development
  • Educational Outcomes
  • Improved educational achievement
  • Improved preparation and participation in
    postsecondary education
  • Better articulation among levels of education and
    between education and work
  • Shorter time to graduation and lower dropout
    rates
  • Higher graduation and retention rates
  • Social Benefits
  • Benefits to family, peers and community
  • Higher levels of worker satisfaction and career
    retention
  • Shorter path to primary labor market for young
    workers
  • Lower incidence of work-related stress and
    depression
  • Reduced likelihood of work-place violence
  • Source The Educational, Social, and Economic
    Value of Informed and Considered Career
    Decisions Scott Gillie and Meegan Gillie
    Isenhour, Fall 2003

Handout!
8
With Effective Career Developmentcontinued
  • Economic Consequences
  • Higher incomes and increased tax revenues
  • Lower rates and shorter periods of unemployment
  • Lower costs of worker turnover
  • Lower health care costs
  • Lower incarceration and criminal justice costs
  • Increased worker productivity
  • The Educational, Social, and Economic Value of
  • Informed and Considered Career Decisions
  • Scott Gillie and Meegan Gillie Isenhour, Fall
    2003

9
Alignment of Career Development with NCLB(No
Child Left Behind)
  • Encourages interest in education and academic
    learning by showing the personal connection with
    students lives
  • Encourages accountability (American School
    Counselor Association (ASCA) standards, Support
    Personnel Accountability Report Card (SPARC),
    Research i.e. Gillie Paper)

10
Career Development Is Everyones Responsibility
  • Infusing Career Development throughout the
    curriculum to be taught by not only counselors
    but teachers, parents, business representatives,
    etc.

11
Defining terms
Exercise
  • A job is defined work role with a specific
    organization (paid or unpaid) Example biologist
    at XYZ Biotek Company.
  • An occupation is a wide category of jobs with
    similar characteristics. Example physician,
    engineer, educator, or scientist.
  • A career is a lifetime journey of building and
    making good use of your skills, knowledge and
    experiences. It is the total of all events and
    relationships in our lives family, friends,
    education, work, and leisure activities.
  • Career Development is the total constellation of
    psychological, sociological, educational,
    physical, economic, and chance factors that
    combine to influence the nature and significance
    of work in the total life-span of any given
    individual. (Engles, 1994.)

12
Changing Work DynamicWhat todays youth will
experience lifelong
  • There is a need for a new kind of Career
    Development.
  • Movement from the industrial era to the knowledge
    era
  • Global competition made possible by rapidly
    evolving technology
  • Organizations continuously re-defining their
    missions and right-sizing
  • Re-definition of jobs and work - up to 25 jobs
    in 5 different occupational sectors (from career
    ladder to career lattice)
  • Think things rather than do things
  • More opportunities than ever, often in Cool
    Jobs (Dog Walker)

13
The Old and New Workplace
  • OLD
  • Office
  • Success Career ladder
  • Authority
  • Entitlement
  • Loyalty to company
  • Salaries and benefits
  • Job security
  • Identity job, position, and occupation
  • Attention to supervisors
  • Employees
  • NEW
  • Virtual space
  • Success valued skills
  • Influence
  • Marketability/impact
  • Loyalty to work and self
  • Contracts and fees
  • Personal freedom and control
  • Identity life circumstances contribution to
    work, family and community
  • Attention to customers
  • Vendors, entrepreneurs and team members

14
Paradigm Shift in Career Development and Planning
Source Phil Jarvis, Vice President National
Life/Work Center
15
Paradigm Shift in Career Development and
Planning continued
)
Source Phil Jarvis, Vice President National
Life/Work Center
16
In Summary
  • The concepts of career and career development
    have changed over time to reflect
  • holistic views of paid employment as one facet
    of an individuals life
  • dynamic interaction between individuals, paid
    employment and life
  • a constantly changing world of work
  • the necessity for individuals to be proactive
    life/career managers

17
Student Cornerstones of the New ParadigmCareer
Management Principles
  • Focus on the journey, not the destination. Become
    a good traveler.
  • Know yourself, believe in yourself and follow
    your heart.
  • Youre not alone. Access your allies, and be a
    good ally.
  • Change is constant, and brings with it new
    opportunities.
  • Learning is lifelong, and its good. We are most
    alive when we are learning.

18
21st Century Skills
  • Information and Communication Skills
  • Thinking and Problem-Solving Skills
  • Interpersonal and Self-Directional Skills
  • SourcePartnership for 21st Century Skills.
    (2003). Learning for the 21st Century A Report
    and Mile Guide for 21st Century Skills.

19
To be effective Career Managers,people need
  • Human Support (Fading Link)
  • Information (Exploding Link)
  • Career Management Skills (Missing Link)

Source Phil Jarvis, Vice President National
Life/Work Center
20
Implications for ongoing education and training
  • One size does NOT fit allVarious Gateways
  • Post-secondary education
  • On-the-Job Training
  • Workplace experience
  • Internship or Apprenticeship
  • Military Service
  • Volunteer and Community Work
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Self-employment

21
Bottom line
  • Any person can learn how to follow their heart to
    a life they loveif theyre given the
    opportunity.
  • At any age, experience is the best teacher.
    Through safe role simulations, children and
    adults explore work/life roles and feel what is
    right for them.

22
Collaboration
Handout!
  • What do we mean by collaboration?
  • Collaboration is a process to reach goals that
    cannot be achieved by acting singly (or at a
    minimum, cannot be reached as efficiently). As a
    process, collaboration is a means to an end, not
    an end in itself. The desired end is more
    comprehensive and appropriate services for our
    youth.
  • Collaboration results in building of a
    comprehensive youth serving system for all youth
    to access (networked services).

23
Collaborationcontinued
  • Why collaborate?
  • Californias economic security depends on a
    highly educated and skilled workforce.
  • Californias youth population ages 14-21 is
    3,846,495 (US Census). The benefit of having all
    of Californias 3.8 million youth properly
    prepared to enter the workforce has an enormous
    impact on Californias economic vitality and
    quality of life for everyone.
  • Californias K-Adult Education system is the
    foundation of the workforce development system,
    building the workforce required by our changing
    regional economies. Its the largest component of
    workforce development and represents a
    significant state budget investment.
  • California State policy expects that the major
    components of the overall workforce development
    system - - education, workforce preparation, and
    economic development - - work as a system, not a
    collection of programs.

24

Handout!
25
A vision for networked services
  • Youth-centered
  • Emphasize the centralized brokering role for
    framework services
  • Emphasizes MOA-type understanding between service
    partners, not just award contract for individual
    service programs
  • Builds on service inventory, resource map, and
    demographic data

26
Guidance Couns.
Academics
Follow-up
Alt. Education
Mentoring
Assessment, ISS, Case Mgmt
Jobs
Leadership Dev.
Occup.Skills
SupportServices
Workexperience
27
Career devment
Academic Support
Boys Girls Club
Juvenilejustice
Assessment, ISS, Case Mgmt, Follow-up
Foster care
Jobs
Teen Parents
Big Brothers
School- to-work
28
We have effective career education services (the
petals)
  • Career Centers
  • Partnership Academies
  • Community Colleges/Adult Education
  • Regional Occupational Programs/Centers
  • Job Shadow
  • Career Days and Trade Fairs
  • Business Partnerships
  • Work Based Learning
  • Web Based Curriculum and Activities

29
Career Development Tools for Effective School
Programs
30
California Career Planning Guide
(CCPG)2003-2005 intended for students,
teachers, counselors, parents, and anyone wanting
to develop their career/life skills.
  • . . . helps people of all ages plan their
    futures. It includes
  • an introduction to career planning
  • how to develop good career/life management
    skills
  • self-assessments
  • ways to investigate the world of work
  • how to identify and meet education and training
    needs
  • how to create a Career Action Plan.

www.californiacareers.info
31
Smart OptionsCareer Exploration Based on
Multiple Intelligences
  • Gardner
  • Bodily-kinesthetic Intelligence
  • Interpersonal Intelligence (EI)
  • Intrapersonal Intelligence (EI)
  • Linguistic Intelligence
  • Logical-Mathematical Intelligence
  • Musical Intelligence
  • Naturalist Intelligence
  • Spatial Intelligence
  • Armstrong
  • Body Smarts
  • People Smarts (EI)
  • Self Smarts (EI)
  • Word Smarts
  • Logic Smarts
  • Music Smarts
  • Nature Smarts
  • Image Smarts

32
  • The Golden State Career Videos feature close to
    300 career videos in English and Spanish.
  • In this three volume CD pack you'll find
    information on wages, skills, training, job
    trends and more.
  • The English version also contains closed
    captions.
  • All are linked to current California labor market
    information.
  • Golden State
  • Career Videos
  • (Spanish English)

33
National Resources
  • Career Development Facilitators Training
  • www.online.onetcent.org
  • www.careeronestop.org
  • www.careervoyages.gov

34
Thank You For Coming
  • For more information contact
  • Art Fisher and Tom Spadoro
  • Santa Barbara County Education Office
  • (805) 964-4711, ext. 4400
  • Careers_at_sbceo.org
  • www.sbceo.org/careers
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