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Chapter 8 Interviewing for a Job and Writing a Resume

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... you are both the product and the salesperson. To interview effectively, you must know yourself, ... teachers, career centers, and bulletin boards. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 8 Interviewing for a Job and Writing a Resume


1
Chapter 8 Interviewing for a Job and Writing a
Resume
2
Preparing for an Interview
  • Preparing for an interview begins with
    networking.
  • 1B- When you network, you develop a variety of
    personal contacts you can tap for information and
    tips on job hunting.
  • 2B- A job search provides job opportunities
    youve still got to get the job.
  • 3B- More than 80 percent of American companies
    use newspaper ads to recruit employees.
  • 1IC- School resources available to students who
    are looking for a job are counselors, teachers,
    career centers, and bulletin boards.

3
Preparing for an Interview
  • The interview process is a kind of sale.
  • 4B- In the interviewing process, you are both
    the product and the salesperson.
  • To interview effectively, you must know yourself,
    so you must build a dossier.
  • 5B- The dossier will help you organize important
    information promoting concise and convincing
    answers that will set you apart from the crowd by
    identifying your strengths and weaknesses.
  • 2IC- The three parts of the dossier are your
    personal work history, your education, and your
    self-assessment.
  • Once your finish your dossier, you are ready to
    write your resume.

4
Writing a Resume
  • A resume is a formal, business version of your
    personal inventory.
  • 16T/F- A resume is not a complete autobiography.
  • 3IC- The six parts of your resume are the
    identification, job goal, education/training,
    work history, personal data, and references.
  • 17T/F- On a resume, you put the most impressive
    credentials first in the Education and Training
    section.
  • 18T/F- A list of computer applications you know
    how to use belongs in the Education and
    Training section of your resume.
  • Be sure to list any foreign language or sign
    language that you know in this section as well.
  • 19T/F- Jobs youve held are listed in reverse
    chronological order (starting with your current
    job and ending with your first job ) in the Work
    History section of your resume.

5
Writing a Resume
  • 20T/F- The Personal Data section of your
    resume is the appropriate place to list clubs and
    organizations.
  • Also list any volunteer services, hobbies, sports
    teams, and outside interests.
  • On your Reference section of your resume, state
    that references will be provided upon request.
  • 21T/F- You should contact people whose names and
    phone numbers you list as references on your
    resume for permission to include that
    information.
  • 4IC- Some tips to remember about the tone of
    your resume are be brief, be positive, be clear,
    be goal-oriented, and get to the point.
  • Be selective and choose only the most important
    and interesting details about your work and
    education.

6
Practicing for and Interview
  • Before you go to an interview, your should find
    out what you can about the business or
    organization.
  • Going online is one way to do this.
  • Try to talk to people who have work there to find
    out about the job.
  • A mock interview or pretend interview with a
    friend or relative is a good way to practice for
    the actual event.

7
Answering Interview Questions
  • 6B- Good planning for a job interview means
    that you try to guess the questions you may be
    asked and think about how you will answer them.
  • Most interviews boil down to why you are
    applying, what kind of person you are, and what
    you can do.
  • 5IC- Interview questions usually fall into four
    categories which are general, educational,
    job-related, and personal.
  • General questions could be What are your
    strengths and weaknesses? or Why do you want to
    work for us?
  • Educational questions could be What was your
    grade point average? or What were your favorite
    classes in school?
  • Job-related questions could be Why should I hire
    you? or How long can you commit to us?
  • Personal questions could be Tell me something
    about yourself. or What accomplishment are you
    proudest of?

8
Answering Interview Questions
  • Be careful that your responses dont sound
    canned or too planned as if you were a robot.
  • 6IC- Some techniques to use in an interview to
    get positive points across are puff-balls,
    bridges, and pauses.
  • Puff ball questions like Tell me about yourself
    allow you to put your best foot forward.
  • Pauses allow you to jump in and talk about skills
    and abilities that you want to stress.
  • Bridges allow you to transition from one point to
    another.
  • 7B- When the opportunity for making a positive
    point presents itself, state a key point and then
    back it up with words.
  • 8B- Types of sparklers to use to make your
    interview come alive include analogies, personal
    stories or quotes.

9
Answering Interview Questions
  • Try to keep your answers like a television sound
    bite.
  • 9B- Sound bites, as a rule, last no longer than
    30 seconds.
  • 10B- Be sure that any story you tell about
    yourself is true.
  • 22T/F- Its not OK to include some job skill
    that you think you might have, but that you cant
    back up with facts in an interview.
  • Be sure to practice for tough questions.
  • 7IC- If you need to buy time while youre
    thinking of an answer, you can say the
    interviewers name, repeat the question, and give
    a general answer.
  • It wont hurt to ask the interview for a moment
    to think.
  • Once in a while, it is okay to say I dont
    know.
  • Be sure to be positive and not to condemn past
    employers.

10
Answering Illegal or Unethical Questions
  • Interviews are not allowed to ask certain
    questions.
  • Illegal questions include
  • What political party do you support?
  • What religion are you? Do you go to church
    regularly?
  • Are you married or have you ever been married?
  • What is your sexual orientation?
  • Do you drink alcohol?
  • Do you have a girlfriend/boyfriend?
  • Do you have a physical disability?
  • What is your IQ?
  • How much do you weigh?
  • Were you dishonorably discharged from the
    military?
  • Are you Irish?

11
Answering Illegal or Unethical Questions
  • 8IC- If you are asked an illegal or unethical
    question, you should respond only briefly and go
    on, ignore it, or address the issue behind it.
  • 11B- A physical problem that is not job-related
    is none of the employers business, by law.

12
Making the Most of an Interview
  • At the end, it is a good idea to ask the
    interviewer questions.
  • You might ask about specific duties of the
    position or who your supervisor would be.
  • Dont ever ask about days off, vacations,
    holidays, sick leave, personal days, money, and
    so on.
  • It will appear that youre only interested in
    getting out of the office and are money-oriented.

13
Making the Most of an Interview
  • 23T/F- A prospective employer does not hope to
    trip you up or embarrass you during the
    interview.
  • 24T/F- When an employer calls you in for a
    personal interview, they mainly want to hear you
    talk and see how well you communicate.
  • 25T/F- The person who interviews you will
    probably be 20 years older and is looking for
    looking for information along with poise and
    maturity.
  • 9IC- You can effectively communicate your skills
    and experience in an interview by being alert,
    having eye contact, using gestures, and sitting
    on the edge of your chair.
  • Pay attention to the interviewers name and use
    it occasionally in the interview. This shows
    that you notice and care about people.

14
Making the Most of an Interview
  • Remember to be an active listener and show
    respect to the interviewer.
  • 26T/F- Extending you hand at the end of an
    interview demonstrates your level of confidence
    and business awareness.
  • Interviews are sometimes one-on-one with you and
    your employer, and sometimes you must go in front
    of a panel of a group of employees at the same
    time.
  • 27T/F- In a team or panel interview, you should
    treat every member of the team with the same
    respect.

15
Dressing for an Interview
  • In general, dress for the interview in the
    clothes you would probably wear on the job, or
    even one step above job attire.
  • 12B- Judith Waters advises that People take
    what you wear as information.
  • 10IC- Some guidelines for dressing for an
    interview include conservative clothes (not
    flashy or revealing), polished shoes, proper
    grooming (controlled hair and makeup with clean
    fingernails), and matching and proper fitted
    clothing.
  • Cover tattoos. Dont wear any loud jewelry. You
    dont want anything to take away from your words
    or skills.

16
Before and After the Interview
  • 13B- Plan to arrive about 15 minutes early for
    your interview.
  • Be sure you plan the route you will take to the
    interview so that you wont have any avoidable
    traffic problems.
  • 14B- Going to the interview by yourself shows
    confidence.
  • Once at the interview, remember to be positive
    even while youre waiting. Dont complain about
    the traffic or anything thing else.
  • When leaving an interview, thank the interviewer
    for his/her time and shake hands.
  • 15B- Always follow an interview with a thank you
    letter.
  • Begin the letter by thanking the interviewer
    again for meeting with you and restate your
    interest in the position.

17
Interview Checklist
  • 1. Do I have copies of my resume?
  • 2. Do I have a list of three references with
    addresses and phone s.
  • 3. Have I made sure I will be on time?
  • 4. Have I dressed neatly and appropriately?
  • 5. Even if I feel tired, can I remember to sit up
    and look alert?
  • 6. Can I remember not to criticize others,
    especially past employers?
  • 7. Can I make good eye contact with the
    interviewer?
  • 8. Can I remember the interviewers name and use
    it in the interview?
  • 9. Can I remember to thank the interview at the
    end?
  • 10. Have I turned off all electronic devices like
    beepers and cell phones?

18
Top Reasons Why People Arent Hired
  • 1. Poor personal appearance
  • 2. Overbearing, overaggressive know-it-all
  • 3. Inability to express yourself clearly with
    proper grammar voice
  • 4. Lack of planning for career
  • 5. Lack of interest and enthusiasm
  • 6. Lack of confidence and poiseextremely nervous
  • 7. Failure to participate in activities
  • 8. Overemphasis on money
  • 9. Poor scholastic record
  • 10. Unwilling to start at the bottom
  • 11. Makes excuses for poor record
  • 12. Lack of tact
  • 13. Lack of maturity
  • 14. Lack of courtesy
  • 15. Condemnation of past employers
  • 16. Lack of social understanding
  • 17. Marked dislike for school work
  • Survey was completed by 153 companies for
    Northwestern University.
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