Greece The Golden Age Agenda 6.3 Outline Outline A. Philip - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Greece The Golden Age Agenda 6.3 Outline Outline A. Philip


Greece The Golden Age Agenda 6.3 Outline Outline A. Philip of Macedon 1. 359 B.C. he becomes king of Macedonia after being captive in Thebes as a youth. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Greece The Golden Age Agenda 6.3 Outline Outline A. Philip

  • The Golden Age
  • Agenda

6.3 Outline
A.  Philip of Macedon 1.     359 B.C. he becomes
king of Macedonia after being captive in Thebes
as a youth. 2.     recruited and organized the
best disciplined army in Macedonian
history 3.     organized his infantry into
phalanxes ( rows of soldiers standing shoulder to
shoulder) a.     they carried pikes or spears
that were about 18 feet long b.     phalanxes
were extremely effective vs. cavalry charges
  • A.  Philip of Macedon
  • 4. Goals
  • Restore order in Macedon
  • Control Athenian colonies in the north
  • Conquer all of Greece.

Outline (Continued)
  • 5.     Demosthenes spoke out against Philip II
  • a.     tried to get Athens to fight for liberty
    from Phillip
  • b.     his attempts failed because the other city
    states would not follow and were crushed by
  • 6.     Philip defeated Thebes and Athens at the
    Battle of Chaeronea which united Greece under
    Phillips rule.
  • 7.     Philip was assassinated before he could
    invade Persia.
  • 8. Philips son Alexander took over for him
    after he died.

Outline (Continued)
  • B.  Alexander the Great (son of Phillip II of
  • 1.     Alexander received the best training
  • a.     military training in the Macedonian army
  • b.     formal education from Aristotle
  • 2.     Alexander crushed local rebellions then
    set off to conquer the world
  • 3.     completely destroyed Persia by 331 B.C.
    and in the process conquered Asia Minor, Syria,
    Egypt, and Mesopotamia

Outline (Concluded)
  • 4.     His goal was to conquer India, but his
    troops fought for 4 yrs. and refused to go any
  • 5.     ATG split his army into two groups
  • a.  one sailed west exploring the Persian Gulf
  • b.  ATG led the other half across the desert
    (many of his troops died)
  • 6.  ATG contracted a fever and died in June of
    323 B.C. before he turned 33

Alexander the Great
  •   C. Beginnings of the Hellenistic World
  • 1.  ATG purposely spread the Greek founded
    cities where Greeks/Macedonians lived with the
  • 2.  With the Greeks, Persians, and Macedonians
    working together ATG was able to rule much more
  • 3.  ATG married two Persian women and required
    his generals to marry royal Persian women

Alexander the Great
  • 4.  ATG also held a mass wedding where 10,000 of
    his troops married Persian women
  • 5.  Hellenistic culture combined ideas and values
    drawn from the Greek, Hellenic, Mediterranean,
    and Asia.
  • 6.  Hellenistic period lasted from ATG death to
    the Roman conquest in 146 BC

Alexander the Great
  • 7.  After ATGs death his generals competed for
    his empire
  • a.  3 generals divided the empire into 3 main
    kingdoms Macedon, Egypt, and Syria
  • b.  these kingdoms were often at war until they
    were conquered by the  Romans

The Spread of Hellenistic Culture
  • Learning and Commerce
  • Greek culture both affected and was affected by
    the cultures of those they conquered.
  • Alexandria, Egypt becomes the center of Greek
    trade, education and culture.
  • Education becomes more common.
  • Women have more rights.

Spread of Hellenistic Culture
  • B. Religion and Philosophy
  • Loss of identity with Polis leads to personal
    search for meaning and identity.
  • Ruler Worship and mystery religions take begin
    to replace traditional Greek religion.
  • Philosophy begins to focus on Ethics.

Religion and Philosophy
  • B. Religion and Philosophy (cont.)
  • 3. Four schools of philosophy.
  • Cynicism live simply and naturally. Dont worry
    about wealth, pleasure or status.
  • Skepticism nothing is certain. This should give
    peace of mind.
  • Stoicism (Zeno)
  • Divine Reason (God) directs the universe, so,
    accept your fate.
  • All people have a divine spark inside them
  • Influenced Roman/Christian thinking.

Religion and Philosophy
  • d. Epicureanism (Epicurus) seek pleasure and
    avoid pain BUT limit desires in order to avoid

Science in the Hellenistic Age
  • C. Mathematics and Physics
  • Euclid contributed to development of geometry.
    Elements is still the basis for modern geometry.
  • Archimedes inventor and scientist. Used math to
    explain how levers worked. Invented compound
    pulley and the Archimedes screw.

Science in the Hellenistic Age
  • D. Medicine
  • Alexandria, Egypt center for medical science
  • Egyptian practice of embalming led to exploration
    of parts of human body
  • Herophilus brain is the center of the nervous
  • Begin to perform delicate surgery.

Science in the Hellenistic Age
  • E. Astronomy and geography
  • Aristarchus believed earth and planets revolve
    around the sun (not accepted).
  • Hipparchus used trigonometry to predict
    eclipses and the sun and moon to calculate the
    length of the year.
  • Eratosthenes calculated the circumference of
    the earth (very accurate). Chosen to head the
    library of Alexandria.