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What Mental Illness Is

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According to the National Alliance on ... (HealthNewsDigest.com) - New Brunswick, N.J. Mental Illness is Not ... ABC News). Most Violent People are 'Normal' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What Mental Illness Is


1
What Mental Illness Is What It is Not
  • Facts and conclusions about mental illness on
    college university campuses
  • J. LaVelle Ingram, Ph.D.
  • Director
  • University Counseling Services

2
What Mental Illness Is
  • According to the National Alliance on Mental
    Illness, mental illness is a medical condition
    that disrupts a persons thinking, feeling, mood,
    daily functioning and ability to relate to
    others. Mental illness often results in a
    diminished capacity for coping with the ordinary
    demands of life. (HealthNewsDigest.com) - New
    Brunswick, N.J.

3
Mental Illness is Not
  • A major cause of violence in our society
  • A key factor in most murders
  • A reason to fear certain individuals
  • The defining feature of any person

4
VA Tech 1 of the Story
  • National crime statistics indicate that there
    have been more than 16,000 homicides per year in
    the United States since 2001.
  • During that same period, there have been only 95
    on college campuses.
  • U.S. Department of Education

5
VA Tech 1 of the Story
The murder rate in the U.S. is almost 44 times
higher than that of the college campus and the
aggravated assault rate is over 13 times
higher. U.S. Department of Education
6
VA Tech 1 of the Story
  • With about 4,200 colleges documented in the
    United States, this data suggests that the
    average college can expect to experience a murder
    on campus about once every 265 years.
  • U.S. Department of Education

7
Mentally Ill More Often Victims
  • People with psychiatric disabilities are far
    more likely to be victims than perpetrators of
    violent crime. (Appleby, et.al., 2001)

8
Mentally Ill More Often Victims
  • Researchers at North Carolina State University
    and Duke University found that people with
    severe mental illness
  • Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder or Psychosis
    are 2 1/2 times more likely to be attacked, raped
    or mugged than the general population.
  • ( Claudine Chamberlain. Victims, Not Violent
    Mentally Ill Attacked at a Higher Rate,
  • ABC News).

9
Most Violent People are Normal
  • Research has shown that the vast majority of
    people who are violent do not suffer from mental
    illnesses. (American Psychiatric Association,
    1994).

10
Most Violent People are Normal
  • Compared with the risk associated with the
    combination of male gender, young age, and lower
    socioeconomic status, the risk of violence
    presented by (people with) mental disorder is (at
    most) modest. (Policy Research Associates,
    December 1994)

11
What Conclusions Can we Draw?
  • Grohol (1996) concluded that
  • Most people who suffer from a mental disorder
    are not violent there is no need to fear them.
    Embrace them for who they are normal human
    beings experiencing a difficult time, who need
    your open mind, caring attitude, and helpful
    support.

12
College Students Do Experience Mental Illnesses
  • According to Spring 2006 data from the National
    College Health Assessment-
  • 37 of college students reported that in the
    previous school year, they felt so depressed it
    was difficult to function.
  • National Institute of Mental Health

13
College Students Do Experience Mental Illnesses
  • Suicide is the third-leading cause of death for
    people ages 10 to 24.
  • And every year 1,100 U.S. college students commit
    suicide, while another 24,000 try to kill
    themselves.
  • National Institute of Mental Health

14
College Students Do Experience Mental Illnesses
  • The average onset age for many severe mental
    illnesses is 18 to 24.
  • National Institute of Mental Health

15
College Students Do Experience Mental Illnesses
  • 92 of directors believe that the number of
    students with severe psychological problems has
    increased in recent years.
  • National Survey of Counseling Center Directors
    (2006)
  • The International Association of Counseling
    Services, Inc.

16
College Students Do Experience Mental Illnesses
  • Counseling Center Directors also reported that
    40 of their clients have severe psychological
    problems.
  • National Survey of Counseling Center Directors
    (2006)
  • The International Association of Counseling
    Services, Inc.

17
College Students Do Experience Mental Illnesses
  • Counseling Center Directors reported that 32 of
    clients experience severe problems but can be
    treated successfully with available treatment
    modalities.
  • National Survey of Counseling Center Directors
    (2006)
  • The International Association of Counseling
    Services, Inc.

18
UMBC Students Presenting Problems Mental
Illnesses
  • University Counseling Services data consistently
    identifies the major problems of UMBC students
    as
  • Anxiety/Stress
  • Depression
  • Academic Problems
  • Relationship Problems
  • Time management/Procrastination

19
Students, faculty parents should be aware of
the following indicators that someone may be
experiencing some form of mental illness
  • Noticeable Changes in Functioning or Appearance
  • Marked changes in academic performance or
    behavior
  • Change in personal hygiene or dress
  • www.rutgers.edu www.HealthNewsDigest.com

20
Noticeable Changes in Functioning or Appearance
  • Excessive absences or tardiness
  • Dramatic weight loss or gain
  • Asking instructor for help with personal problems

21
Problematic Classroom Behavior
  • Avoiding or dominating discussions
  • Disruptive classroom behavior Complaints from
    other students
  • www.rutgers.edu
  • www.HealthNewsDigest.com

22
Pervasive Interpersonal Problems
  • Unusual problems with roommate or family
  • Isolation from friends or family
  • www.rutgers.edu
  • www.HealthNewsDigest.com

23
Excessive Emotionality
  • Tearfulness Irritability or angry outbursts
    Intense emotion or inappropriate responses
  • Apparent Thinking Problems
  • Disjointed thoughts
  • www.rutgers.edu
  • www.HealthNewsDigest.com

24
Suicidal or Homicidal References
  • References to suicide, homicide or death
  • Expressed thoughts of helplessness or
    hopelessness
  • References to suicide or homicide in verbal
    statements or writing
  • www.rutgers.edu
  • www.HealthNewsDigest.com

25
Conclusions
  • Most college students experiencing emotional or
    psychological problems do not experience
    long-term mental illness.
  • Most college students who do experience mental
    illness suffer depressive or anxiety disorders
    rather than schizophrenia or sociopathy.
  • The most frequent danger of students suffering
    mental illnesses is to themselves rather than
    anyone else.

26
Conclusions
  • You can play a role in helping people with mental
    illnesses simply by affording them the same
    dignity, respect and consideration that you would
    want for yourself or your loved ones. And by
    helping to disspell the dangerous myths about
    them.
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