The Rise of Feudalism in Europe during the Middle Ages - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Rise of Feudalism in Europe during the Middle Ages

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The Rise of Feudalism in Europe during the Middle Ages Feudal Europe Power Pyramid Feudalism- (Fyoo-duh-lih-zuhm) A system of PROTECTION in the Middle Ages. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Rise of Feudalism in Europe during the Middle Ages


1
The Rise of Feudalism in Europe during the
Middle Ages
2
The Middle Ages or Medieval Period ( 500 CE
-1500 CE.)
Rise of New Kingdoms/States that are not
united
New Kingdoms are unable to protect themselves
from Barbarian Invasions, causing a need for
localized Protection
Barbarian Invasions cause the Fall of the Western
Roman Empire
The Rise of Feudalism in Europe
3
Feudal Europe Power Pyramid
4
Key words Essential to Feudalism
  • Feudalism- (Fyoo-duh-lih-zuhm) A system of
    PROTECTION in the Middle Ages.
  • Vassal- An agreement between lords knights that
    stated that they would protect the land. Knights
    were called their lords vassals.

5
Popes
  • Leader of Church
  • Popes were seen as representatives of God on
    Earth.

6
Kings
  • Leader of Kingdoms/ States
  • All lords/nobles and knights swore an oath of
    loyalty to the king to protect the land.

7
Nobles/Lords
  • Swore loyalty to the king and were given land
    called fiefs to protect

8
Knights
  • Armored warriors that protected the land.
  • They often received fiefs for their service.

9
Peasants
  • Worked on the lords land

10
Protection from who?
  • The Vikings invaded from Scandinavia- They were
    quick and savage. They attacked Ireland, England
    and France. They looted and captured people to
    sell into slavery. Most Europeans lived in terror
    of them
  • The Magyars from Asia
  • The Muslims (from South)

11
Vikings, Muslims and Magyars Invasion Map
12
Charlemagne
  • Charlemagne was first crowned the king of the
    Franks
  • Later, in 800 CE he was crowned by the POPE Leo
    III as the king of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • This enraged the Eastern Byzantines because their
    ruler was not selected
  • The Church and Charlemagne depended on each
    other. The Pope needed the support of his army to
    protect the church, Charlemagne gained support
    from his people because he was viewed as having
    god on his side

13
(No Transcript)
14
Charlemagne Continued
  • Through wars of conquest he united European
    tribes into one single empire.
  • He showed them that they have similar values like
    Christianity, allowing them to see themselves as
    Europeans not as tribe members.

15
By Rafael the Coronation of Charlegmagne
16
William The Conqueror
  • He defeated the English king at the Battle of
    Hastings
  • To reward the knights that helped him win the
    battle, he gave them land.Hence, the beginning
    of the feudal system in England

17
William The Conquerer
18
Battle of Hastings
19
The Pope and King A Power Struggle
  • Since the large majority of the people of Feudal
    Europe were Christian the Pope had tremendous
    power over every body.
  • They thought they should select Bishops.
  • Kings believed they should have the power to
    select the bishops.

20
Pope Gregory VII vs. King Henry IV
  • In 1073 King Henry IV selected a bishop Pope
    Gregory VII did not like.
  • The Pope excommunicated (cast him out of the
    church) Henry IV.
  • Remember Christians believe that if you die
    while excommunicated you will not go to heaven.
  • Desperate, the king apologized and asked for
    forgiveness.
  • In fact, the king stood barefoot in the snow for
    three days before the Pope would even talk to him.
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